Computer Network Tutorial

Introduction of Computer Network Types of Computer Network Network Topology Computer Networking Architecture Transmission Modes (Data Flow) Basic Networking Devices Integrate Services Digital Network (ISDN)


OSI Model TCP/IP Model

Physical Layer

Digital Transmission Analog Transmission Transmission Media Switching

Data Link Layer

Error detection and Error correction Data Link Control Multiple Access Aloha

Network Layer

Network Layer - Logical Address Address Mapping Unicast Routing Protocol

Transport Layer

Process to Process Delivery User Datagram Protocol Transmission Control Protocol Stream Control Transmission Protocol Session Layer and Presentation Layer

Application Layer

Domain Name System Application Protocol E-mail Cryptography


Classes of Routing Protocols Classification of Routing Algorithms Controlled Access Protocols in Computer Networks Differences between IPv4 and IPv6 Fixed and Flooding Routing Algorithms Advantages and Disadvantages of Fibre Optics Cable APIPA Difference between Active and Passive FTP Fiber Optics and its Types Method of Joining and Fusion of Fiber Optic Cable Define Framing in Computer Network Disadvantages of Computer Network Mesh Topology Diagram in Computer Network Ring Topology in Computer Network Star Topology in Computer Networks 4G Mobile Communication Technology Advantages and Disadvantages of LAN Advantages and Disadvantages of MAN Advantages and Disadvantages of WAN Application Layer in OSI Model Cyclic Redundancy Check Example Data link layer in OSI model Difference between Transport and Network Layer Hamming Code Example Network Layer in OSI Model Session Layer in OSI Model Transport Layer in OSI Model Two Port Network in Computer Networks Uses of Computer Networks What is Computer Network What is Framing in a Computer Network Advantages and Disadvantages of Bus Topology Difference between Star Topology and Bus Topology Subnetting in Computer Network Subnetting Questions and Answers What is Bus Topology What is Network Topology and Types in Computer Networks Access Control in Networking Basic Characteristics of Computer Network Benefits of SOCKS5 Proxy in Computer Networks Computer Network viva Questions Difference between BOOTP and RARP Difference Between Network Topologies and Network Protocols Difference between NFC and RFID Difference Between Point-to-Point Link and star Topology Network Differences Between MSS and MTU Differences Between Trunk Port and Access Port Different Modes of Communication in Computer Networks MIME Protocol in Computer Networks Modes of Communication in Computer Networks Network Attack in Computer Network Port Address in Networking Simplest Protocol in Computer Network Sliding Window Protocol in Computer Network Stop And Wait Protocol in Computer Networks TCP 3-Way Handshake Process in Computer Networks What is a Proxy Server What is APPN What is ICMP Protocol What is Point-to-Point Protocol What is Port Address in Networking What is the HDLC Protocol What is VRRP Protocol Difference Between Analog and Digital Signals Difference Between Hub and Repeater Difference between Repeater and Switch Difference Between Transparent Bridge and Source Routing Bridge Source Routing Bridge in Computer Networks Transparent Bridge in Computer Networks Transport Protocol in Computer Networks Types of CSMA in Computer Networks What is Wired and Wireless Networking Network Security in Computer Network Disadvantages of Extranet Difference Between TELNET and FTP Define Protocol in Computer Networks Guided Transmission Media in Computer Network What is a Gateway in a Computer Network IGMP in Computer Networks LAN Protocols in Computer Networks MAN Meaning in Computer Modulation Techniques in Computer Networks Switching in DCN TCP/IP Applications What is IGMP? What is Modem in Networking What is Non-Persistent CSMA Difference between Cell Splitting and Cell Sectoring Forouzen Computer Network Open Loop and Closed Loop Congestion Control Types of Cluster Computing WAP-Wireless Access Point What are the elements of the Transport Protocol Difference between Gateway and Switch Flow Control in Data Link Layer Body Area Network Flooding in Computer Network Token Ring in Computer Networks VoIP in Computer Networks What is Infrared Transmission Congestion Control Techniques Forward Error Correction (FEC) Switching Techniques What is Telnet in Computer Network What are the Types of IPv4 Addresses IEEE 802.6 (DQDB) IEEE 802.15.4 Technology What is HDLC (High-level Data Link Control)? What is SMS Hubbing in Telecom? Circuit Switching in Computer Networks Communication Satellites in Computer Networks Features of HTTP Protocol IMAP4 (Internet Message Access Protocol) Internet Services How to Set up a Wireless Router Internetwork Routing in Computer Networks Distributed Computing System Features of GSM The 802.11 MAC Sublayer Protocol What is IEEE 802.3? What are Hubs and Switches in Computer Networks? What is Modem in a Computer Network? What is multicasting in Computer Networks? GSM -The Mobile Station What is Network Server? Slotted Aloha in Computer Network What is Ethernet in Computer Networks What is Arpanet? Radio Access Network (RAN) TCP 3-Way Handshake Process PING SWEEP (ICMP SWEEP) Print Server Private IP Address Security Services in Computer Networks Protocol Data Unit (PDU) CSMA with Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA) What is Gateway in Computer Network? Advantages of Networking Data Link Layer Design Issues DHCP in Computer Networks Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP) What is Switch Hub? Telnet Full form in Networking Multimedia Systems Quality of Service in Computer Networks What is Carrier Sense Multiple Access (CSMA)? What is Circuit Switching What is Duplex Network? What is Web Protocol Network LAN Technologies Classes in Computer Network Low-Density Parity Check (LDPC) Wireless Internet Service Providers(Wisps) What is Handshaking? Cache Server What Is WSN Network? Check Sum Error Detection Linear Bus Topology Functions of the Transport Layer Infrared Transmission in Computer Networks Digital Signal in Computer Network Digital Data Transmission in Computer Networks Define Checksum with Example Computer Network Security Requirements Brust Errors in Computer Network Back Side Bus (BSB) 2-Dimension Parity Check in Computer Network Router and Brouter Microwave Transmission in Computer Networks Magnetic Media in Computer Network A One-Bit Sliding Window Protocol CDMA-Near-Far Problem Reference Models in Computer Networks Uni-cast, Broadcast, and Multicast in Computer Networks Uses Of Bridges in Computer Networks What are Gateways in Computer Network?

Advantages of Networking


Networking is a key for human interactions, as it connects, and brings together relationships, enabling harmony. Networking is not just a transactional process; rather, it embodies the real human connection that we create by threading the fabric of collaboration, support, and success together. At the micro level of human experience, we examine the process of networking which cuts across society, bringing out the importance of its influence in setting destinies and plotting pathways to success.

Building Bridges: The Core of Networking

At the centre, networking as such represents the skill of building bridges, bridges that link different professional, cultural, and ideological landscapes. Instead, it's more about creating bridges, growing connections, and building trust. In a world vibrating with the possibilities and problems, this bridge becomes the medium for collaboration, innovation and mutual growth. Whether Mended Using Similar Interests, Common Purpose, or Just at The Right Time, Each Connection Represents a String in Human Connectivity Jigsaw Puzzle.

The key benefit of networking is its ability to make available the exchange of knowledge. Through dialogue, discourse, and shared experiences among others, individuals are able to gain insights, extend the spectrum of their views, and eventually get unlimited angles of understanding. Whether it is about exchanging ideas over the dinner table at networking events or having interesting discussions on online forums, every single interaction is an opportunity to enrich and develop. Through this dynamic exchange of thoughts, the ideal of knowledge is pushed to the boundaries, and seeds for innovation are sown.

Empowerment through Collaboration: Enlisting the Power of the Group Genius

Networking moves beyond individual initiatives and is more precisely an expression of collaboration, which is a potent driver of progress. Through collectively exploiting the different sets of capabilities, requirements, and assets, networks turn into laboratories of creativity and they promote the innovation and the problem-solving process. A cross-disciplinary interaction in the workplace as well as bottom-up initiatives in the community are the sources of power to kindle the spark of ingenious ideas that give rise to successful ventures.

Personal Growth: Developing Interpersonal Skills, Confidence and Resiliency

As well as being a major contributor to your professional success, networking improves your personal development, giving rise to fundamental competencies; for example, communication, empathy, and ability to adapt. Through the steps of socialization, familiarity building, and conflicting with challenges people start to investigate and take control of them. By right at each encounter, they don’t only perfect themselves, enhance their self-confidence, but also adapt to difficult situations and thus set-up to feel good and bring holistic well-being.

Supportive Networks: Parenting and building Communities

Human fabric of togetherness comes with the knitting of social networks which as the core strength and the emerging pillar of resilience. Bonding or fracturing these communities does not have a titanic effect; the support system of this network, either in times of triumph or trouble, becomes a source of reassurance and pride. As advisers become a source of guidance and peers lend a helping hand, these connections made by networking go beyond the financial interests and instead give the truest meaning to the human relationships.

Entrepreneurial Endeavours: Fairing Innovation and appropriately addressing the impediments

In the world of business landscape where the stormy sea of business continually rise and fall, networking is the very lifeline for entrepreneurs which eventually power them ahead. Networking with strategic partners makes it possible for entrepreneurs to realize a larger vision. They also can tap into available resources and mentors that help them to cope with challenges, seize opportunities, and reach new heights of prosperity. It is this vivacious entrepreneurial ecosystem where networking does not become a route to the destination, but it is infused in the core values of sustainable growth and innovation.

  • Opportunity Expansion: Networking may open brand-new doors, especially those, which because of the lack of access, would not have been possible to reach. LinkedIn allows people to meet new people from their community and around the world which helps them discover new job opportunities, contact organization for potential collaboration, public speaking opportunities etc. They expansion may only bring about the advancement of one's career, yet they as well lead to unexpected and fulfilling experiences along the way that may open doors to a richer life journey.
  • Enhanced Visibility and Reputation: Being proactive within networking opportunities, conferences and web-based groups does the trick of placing one exactly where their industry or society wants to identify them. Through the constant connection to individuals and by offering useful information that is significant or appreciated, professionals demonstrate that they are competent and trustworthy experts. Such amplified circumstances enable the woman athlete to come into forged partnerships, look-up leadership roles and sheds the light on the undertaking within her own field.
  • Continued Learning and Development: Networking provides an ongoing premium phase for ongoing learning and skill growth. Getting along with fellow scholars, mentors, and organizations themselves offers a lot of exposure to latest trends, cutting-edge practices, and new ideas. Such interactions can help the professionals to be on par with the latest innovations and technologies, polish their skills, and to be up to date with new developments of industry, this contributes to their continuous efficacy and suitability for the profession.
  • Emotional Support and Well-being: Networking helps professional development in business, and they provide the relationship that makes you feel welcome with friends. Creating deep relationships with similar people in the team offers a warm bed of support that allow them to freely talk about their problems, rejoice when they progress and ask for help when they are having a challenge. This feeling of belonging does not only improve interpersonal difficulties but also enhance emotional and psychological well-being.
  • Global Perspective and Cultural Exchange: With networking getting stronger by the day in the highly connected planet, it becomes the pathway to cross-cultural exchanges and ease of working together. Inevitably, employing people from various disciplines allows participants to see the world from the viewpoint of several people, thus broadening their horizons. The cultural exchange also gives people an opportunity to enrich their experiences through acquiring knowledge and understanding of different cultural backgrounds from all over the world and this makes us more interconnected and tolerant as we learn to appreciate various cultures from all over the world in a global community.
  • Social Impact and Contribution: It can be a tool that allows you to propagate what you believe in and work to make a better world at the same time. Employing professional network and personal knowledge, individuals can develop program and lure more people into addressing important issues like social, environmental, and humanitarian ones. Partnerships and the same objectives are a key factor in making a networking outreach instrument of real importance for our society and the environment.
  • Mentorship and Guidance: Through networking, one gets to showcase or even present their entrepreneurial ideas to experienced mentors and role models, from whom one can get indispensable advice based on their past experiences. Mentorship provided by experienced individuals results in a personal and professional development as the mentees like you and me gain access to insights, feedback, and guidance on how to deal with career challenges and put a higher premium on career opportunities. Enhancing the mentorship platform becomes an embodiment of self-discovery, as individuals’ tap into their potential and develop them, towards becoming mentors.
  • Serendipitous Encounters: Networking oftentimes results in uncanny cases of suddenly discovering now and then contacts that can be extremely fruitful and give a boost to the creativeness, innovation and exploration. Whether it is just sparking a new acquaintance at a conference or bonding with other passionate people who share the same interests, there is a high chance that this casual encounter can lead to collaborative projects, partnerships and approaches that otherwise would not have surfaced. Enjoying the fact that networking can be unplanned, means that not only potential doors are open but also there is a tendency to say 'yes' to the amazing opportunities of unforeseen connections.
  • Confidence Building and Self-Advocacy: Apart from attending seminars and industry functions, being actively involved in networking demands people to shun their fears and show some initiative to introduce themselves, express their ideals, and present their goals. Over a period, this method has the power to turn out as the backbone for leaders who exhibit qualities such as self-confidence, communication skills and self-advocacy. Such attributes are principal in ensuring that one is successful in their career path. Interpersonal relationships help people to establish themselves as advocates for themselves, supporters of their strengths and expectations with confidence and to stand up to challenges. On the other hand, these network connections allow them to become more effective individuals.


Networking is nothing but a perfect demonstration of the notion of human connectivity, producing a great tailoring of collaboration, support, and growth. As our careers take us to places of work and in interactions with people spanning different professions, we should infuse in us the power of networking to grow. Apart from practical implications, networking becomes the mirroring of the human values such as reciprocity, graciousness, and flourishing together. Every time we encounter each other, let us celebrate what splits us apart, as a team-building exercise based on friendship and understanding faith. Thus, in the chain of human encounter, networking in reality is a testimony of the intrinsic power of human relation which has the potential to make someone's path worthwhile and breezy as they can continue their journey on a smoother side in the future.