A Right JavaScript Framework

Within a business, it is necessary to pick the right technology. As much as this applies to the web application and software development, it also applies in the corporate world. The right pick of technology helps us to ensure that current systems and processes are working properly and smoothly and, most importantly, benefits consumers and clients. This is specifically accurate when we are discussing web application development.

As far as we discuss the websites, JavaScript (JS) is one of the most commonly used web development tools. But the fundamental question is to pick up the right JS framework to work with, which can be a hard decision. These JavaScript frameworks have been divided into three major sections – AngularJS, ReactJS, and NodeJS. Each of them has their features and modules.

Thus, in the following section, we will discuss – What would be the right choice of JavaScript Framework for our upcoming project?

But before that, we just need to inspect our JavaScript development project on several constraints, including its size, features, maturity, interoperability, dependencies and many more before it’s subcontracting.

There are various reasons for a particular developer to pick one framework, and the developer’s skill is not always the key factor. All three frameworks are written in JavaScript; however, they have been written or released at different times.

So, let’s discuss exactly these three technologies and how they are different from each other.

Difference between AngularJS, ReactJS, and NodeJS

AngularJS

AngularJS is a non-proprietary JavaScript framework that is used for client-side web development. AngularJS was initially launched in the year 2009 and mainly maintained by Google. It was designed to resolve issues in Single Page Application (SPA) development for angular developers. The architectural and working model of AngularJS involves going through the HTML webpages because it has an extra HTML attribute embedded in it.

Thus, AngularJS is a structural framework that is created for dynamic web applications.

It ranges HTML vocabulary for the web application, and this extensibility feature allows it to work properly with other libraries. It also provides a higher level of abstraction for the users; however, it lacks flexibility. Moreover, it has a huge support community.

Pros of AngularJs

  • AngularJS provides an efficient testable framework.
  • AngularJS has vast libraries.
  • AngularJS also has a spectacular UI design.
  • AngularJS also provides an automatic Data Synchronization system between the components and model view.
  • AngularJS also helps in data binding.
  • AngularJS has a built-in dependency injection subsystem.
  • Simple routing is possible using AngularJS.
  • AngularJS allows the users to easily create the Customized Document Object Model.
  • It also offers a robust template constructing solutions.

Cons of AngularJS

  • There are performance issues with DOM elements of AngularJS.
  • AngularJS offers limited routing.
  • It isn’t easy to debug the scope in AngularJS.
  • AngularJS is not fast with pages embedding interactive components.
  • AngularJS has a very complex Third-party integration.
  • AngularJS has a steep learning curve.

ReactJS

ReactJS is a non-proprietary JavaScript library rather than a simple framework. ReactJS was developed and maintained by Facebook and a community of individual developers and corporates. It was initially released in the year 2013. It is mainly used to create great User Interfaces with an absolute focus on rendering performance. ReactJS is more reliant on ‘V’ in Model View Controller (MVC) architecture.

It was designed to resolve problems in JavaScript frameworks associated with the well-organized rendering of large datasets.

Pros of ReactJS

  • ReactJS provides its users with faster updates.
  • It is relatively very easy to import components in ReactJS.
  • We can reuse the code with the help of ReactJS.
  • ReactJS provides a smooth, JavaScript debugging system.
  • ReactJS also provides smooth interface designs and easy learning APIs.
  • ReactJS has an architecture completely based on components.

Cons of ReactJS

  • ReactJS has a steep learning curve.
  • ReactJS is just a library, not a framework.
  • ReactJS has flux architectures.
  • Some configurations will be required if we integrate ReactJS into a Model View Controller (MVC) framework.

NodeJS

Node.js is a non-proprietary and platform-independent runtime environment for implementing JavaScript code outside of a browser. Node.js was developed in the year 2009 by Ryan Dahl and was designed using JavaScriptC++, and C. It was built on the JavaScript V8 Engine, used in Google Chrome. However, Node.js is not a framework and not a programming language. We frequently use Node.js for creating back-end administrations like APIs for Web or Mobile Applications.

Pros of NodeJS

  • NodeJS provides accessibility to share the same piece of code with both the server and client-side.
  • NodeJS allows the user to stream big files easily.
  • NodeJS also provides access to its huge libraries and modules with the Node package manager (NPM), and it is rising at a gradual pace.
  • NodeJS is easy to learn.
  • NodeJS has a large supporting community.

Cons of NodeJS

  • NodeJS is not scalable as only one CPU is insufficient to take the benefits of multiple tasks.
  • NodeJS requires a deep understanding of JavaScript to work with.
  • NodeJS has issues with the relational database.
  • NodeJS is not meant for CPU-intensive tasks; however, it is much suitable for web servers.
  • NodeJS provides Nested callbacks.
  • NodeJS follows the asynchronous programming method rather than linear blocking I/O programming.

Difference table of AngularJS vs ReactJS vs NodeJS

CharacteristicsAngularJSReactJSNodeJS
AuthorMisko HeveryJordan WalkeRyan Dahl
TypeJavaScript Web frameworkJavaScript libraryJavaScript Runtime Environment
Written inJavaScriptJavaScriptJavaScript, C++ and C
Developer(s)GoogleFacebook and communityVarious
Tool Chain (Libraries)LowHighHigh. Node.js provides the best tools for development: LibrariesIDEs/ Code editorsCLI toolsGUI tools
LicenseMIT LicenseBSD-3-Clause LicenseISC License
Initial Release20th October 201029th May 201327th May 2009
PackagingWeak PackagingStrong PackagingJXcore (JX packages) and encryption of source files
Data BindingBi-DirectionalUni-DirectionalBi-Directional
Application ArchitectureFully functional MVC (Model View Controller) architectureCombined with Flux architectureMean Stack Architecture MVVM/MVC
RenderingClient-sideServer-sideServer-side
Document Object Model (DOM)Regular DOMVirtual DOMNo DOM. Node.js is a runtime environment and does not render DOM

Conclusion

As we have discussed so far, the JavaScript frameworks, AngularJS, ReactJS, and NodeJS, have their recognition and are being extensively used worldwide. These frameworks are advanced and provide high performance and experience to the users. The business requirements and desired application goals are the key factors that will affect the choice of the JavaScript framework.

Angular JS is a fully-featured MVC framework with a vibrant and large supporting community. Whereas the users using ReactJS doesn’t require much code writing and perform more. Moreover, ReactJS is better than AngularJS when it comes to performance. However, ReactJS is just in the beginning stage.

On the contrary, NodeJS is extensively designed to create fast and scalable web applications. NodeJS is simply a JavaScript runtime that is light in weight and fast.

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