HBase, together with HDFS and MapReduce, is one of the core components of the Hadoop. The Apache Hadoop platform is a highly secure, enterprise-ready extensive data application, which is part of the Hortonworks Data Platform. Some of the biggest companies, such as the Facebook messaging system and so on, are implementing it on a routine basis.

The features of HBase, which makes it a common messaging storage systems are:

  • HBase works for random write as well as read operations.
  • It has an architecture that is fully decentralized and can operate on huge files.
  • It has a high write throughput that is unmatched.
  • It has quick and consistent scaling to meet additional requirements.
  • It can be used for structured as well as semi-structured data types.
  • It is useful when we do not need full RDBMS capabilities.
  • The linear modular and scalability feature of HBase is strictly consistent with data reads and writes.
  • Table sharding in HBase can be easily configured.
  • Automatic failover support is provided by the server.
  • It can support MapReduce jobs with HBase Tables.
  • The client can access the java API easily.

Pros of HBase

HBase Technology
  • Large Data sets

HBase can handle large datasets and can store them in addition to storing HDFS files. It also analyzes and aggregates billions of rows in the tables of HBase.

  • Failover support and load sharing

HBase is self-recovered by distributing, automatically restoring HDFS internally, and running HBase on top of HDFS. We have this facility for failover, using the Replication of Region Server.

  • Scalability

The scalability of HBase is supported in both modular and linear form.

  • Schema-less

There is no fixed column schema concept in HBase, as it is schema-less. Therefore, it defines only families with columns.

  • Database Breakdown

HBase flashes might occur in the picture during the breakdown of relational databases.

  • Fast Processing

It will take a short time to read and process the data as compared to a traditional database.

  • Easy to use Java API for client access:-

HBase provides an easy to use Java API for programmatic access.

  • Consistency:-

We can use it for high-speed requirements since it offers consistent reads and writes.

Cons of HBase:-

HBase Technology
  • Isolated point of failure

There is a probability of failure at a time when only one HMaster is used.

  • Sorted only on the key

In some arbitrary field, RDBMS and HBase can be indexed and sorted on key only. 

  • No Transaction support

The transaction is not allowed in HBase.

  • Memory issues on the cluster:-

HBase is combined with the effects of Pig and Hive workers in some period memory problems on the cluster.

  • No handling of JOINS in database:-

JOINs are handled in the MapReduce layer instead of the database itself.

  • Fixed authentication

There are no permissions as well as no fixed authentication.

  • Not an absolute replacement

HBase does not support some features of the traditional models. So, we cannot rely entirely on HBase to be used as a subsitute for traditional models.

  • No support SQL structure

SQL structure is not supported, it cannot contain any query optimizer.

Where to use HBase?

  • Big Data in random, real-time read/write can be viewed by using Apache HBase.
  • It has very large tables on top of commodity hardware clusters.
  • Apache HBase is considered as a non-relational database after Google’s Bigtable. Bigtable runs on Google File System, and Apache HBase operates on top of Hadoop and HDFS as well.

History of HBase

Year 

Events of HBase

May 2010

HBase was considered to become the Apache top-level project in the year 2010.

Sep 2009

HBase 0.20.0 was released.

Jan 2009

HBase 0.19.0 was released.

Oct 2008

HBase 0.18.1 was released.

Jan 2008

HBase in 2008 became the subproject of Hadoop.

Oct 2007

HBase along with Hadoop 0.15 was the first to be released 

Feb 2007

The initial HBase prototype in the year 2007, was created as a Hadoop Contribution.

Nov 2006

In this year, the paper on BigTable was released by Google.

 

HBase Technology

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