### Introduction

The term Transformation is generally referred to as converting a graphic into another graphic by applying some rules or algorithms. Sometimes an image or picture can be a combination of lines, rectangle, circle, and triangle. If we draw the basic and combination of pictures, then there should be a need to transform these images. Now we can perform the following actions to transform the images-

- We can change the position of an image.
- We can increase or decrease the size of an image.
- We can change the angle of the image.

By using the above actions, we will find a new image; this process is called Transformation. We can use some algorithms to produce new pictures.

### The object transformation includes two important points-

**Geometric Transformation:**When we are moving the picture, and the background is fixed, then it is a Geometric Transformation.**Coordinate Transformation:**When we are moving the background, and the picture is fixed, then it is Coordinate Transformation.

### Types of Transformation

### There are two basic kinds of Translation.

**1.Two-Dimensional(2D) Transformation:**

**“**When we translate, rotate, and scale object in the two-dimensional
plane, then it is called a **Two-Dimensional Transformation.” **A two-dimensional
plane consists of the x and y-axis.

### The Two-Dimensional Transformation includes-

**2D Translation: “**Translation is a mechanism used to move the object from one position to another position on the screen.**”****2D Rotation: “**Rotation is a process used to rotate the object from origin to a particular angle.**”****2D Scaling:****“**Scaling is a process or technique used to resize the object in two-dimensional plane.**”****2D Reflection: “**Reflection is a mechanism or process in which we can rotate the object at the angle of 180°”.**2D Shearing: “**Shearing is a process that is used to perform slanting on the object.**”**It is also called**“Skewing.”**

**2.Three-Dimensional Transformation: **

**“**When we translate, rotate, and scale object
in the three-dimensional plane then, it is called **Three-Dimensional(3D)
Transformation”.** A three**–**dimensional plane consists of x, y, and
z-axis.

### The Three-Dimensional Transformation includes-

**3D Translation: “**Translation is a mechanism used to move the object from one position to another position on the three-dimensional plane.**”****3D Rotation: “**Rotation is a process used to rotate the object from origin to a particular angle in three-dimensional plane.**”****3D Scaling: “**Scaling is a process or technique used to resize the object in three-dimensional plane**”.****3D Reflection: “**Reflection is a mechanism or process in which we can rotate the object at the angle of 180° in three-dimensional plane.**”****3D Shearing: “**Shearing is a process that is used to perform slanting on the object.**”**It is also called**“Skewing”**. It also includes z-axis.