Web Driver Interface | Class Diagram

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Web Driver interface/class diagram:

The interface of web driver includes the following stages, which is as follows:

  • Search Context
  • Web driver
  • Remote web driver
  • Driver class
Web Driver interface

Search Context

 The first interface of the web driver class is search Context, which contains two abstract methods that are findElement() and findElements().

These two methods are abstract in search context interface.              


  • The findElement() is used to navigate <html>, and with the help of locator, it will find the source code of the web element.
  • It is used to identify the single element in UI.
  • It always returns the single web element even through multiple matching and single matching elements found.
  • It will throw the NoSuchElement exception if the element is not available in Html.


  • It is used to identify multiple similar elements in UI.
  • It always returns a list of <web Element>.
  • Find elements return an empty list of web elements if elements not available in UI.
  • To identify a specific color, data, or accurate row data in dynamic web table, we use find Elements() method.

Web Driver:

  • A web driver is an interface that extends the search context interface, and multiple browser subclasses implement it.
  • Web driver has many abstract methods like close(), quit(), get(), etc. and the web driver has also nested interface like navigation, window, timeouts, etc.
  • To perform some specific operations with the help of nested interfaces like back(), refresh(), forward(), etc.
  • And the entire web driver tool is converted as a jar file, which is uploaded by the selenium community.
  • To use a web driver tool, we should download the web driver jar from the selenium community and import the jar into eclipse before developing the test script.
  • Make sure that all the jars available inside the lib Folder and the jar along with the libraries, should import to eclipse.

Remote web driver:

  • It is a fully implemented class where all the abstract methods like get(), close(), quit(), and a nested interface like window, timeouts, navigations of web driver.
  • findElement() and findElements() methods of search context interface are implemented in remote web driver class.
  • It used to implement the JavaScriptExecutor and takeScreenshot interfaces.

Driver classes:

And finally, we have browser-specific driver classes available in the selenium web driver.

The driver classes include Firefox Driver, Chrome Driver, IE Driver, Safari Driver, etc.

Web Element Hierarchy

Web element is an interface that extends SearchContext and TakeScreenShot interfaces.

These interfaces contains several controls like click(), sendKeys(), getText() etc. which can be used  after findElement() method.

Web Element Hierarchy

Search Context:
The SearchContext interface has been described in the class which includes findElement() and findElements() methods.

Web Element:

To perform any action on web element like click(),isSelected(), getText() methods, we will use the overriding concept because all the abstract methods available in web driver are overridden.

Remote web element:

The remote web element class is a fully implemented class of web element interfaces.

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