Artificial Intelligence Tutorial

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence Intelligent Agents

Search Algorithms

Problem-solving Uninformed Search Informed Search Heuristic Functions Local Search Algorithms and Optimization Problems Hill Climbing search Differences in Artificial Intelligence Adversarial Search in Artificial Intelligence Minimax Strategy Alpha-beta Pruning Constraint Satisfaction Problems in Artificial Intelligence Cryptarithmetic Problem in Artificial Intelligence

Knowledge, Reasoning and Planning

Knowledge based agents in AI Knowledge Representation in AI The Wumpus world Propositional Logic Inference Rules in Propositional Logic Theory of First Order Logic Inference in First Order Logic Resolution method in AI Forward Chaining Backward Chaining Classical Planning

Uncertain Knowledge and Reasoning

Quantifying Uncertainty Probabilistic Reasoning Hidden Markov Models Dynamic Bayesian Networks Utility Functions in Artificial Intelligence

Misc

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AI and ML Trends in the World

Artificial intelligence rapidly changes the business world and society largely. Google's BERT transformer neural network is an example of an algorithm that gives the revolution in the field of natural language processing. The new tools of Machine learning are going to accelerate the development process. However, the field of Artificial intelligence is moving towards new domains such as smaller devices, conceptual design, and multi-modal applications. The idea and innovation of Artificial intelligence are going to expand its repertoire in many industries. Quantum AI is an example of Artificial intelligence technology that is trending now.

What are the Artificial intelligence and Machine learning trends in 2022?

IT is continuously developing the strategy of Artificial intelligence to take benefit of Artificial intelligence and machine learning trends. The main agenda of developing Artificial intelligence and machine learning are as follows.

  1. How to democratize and streamline access to Artificial intelligence.
  2. How to address the responsibility of Artificial intelligence.
  3. How to tie the compensation towards the business goal and delivery of product in appropriate time periods.

Now, we are going to describe some trending technology of Artificial Intelligence and machine learning.

1. Automated Machine Learning (Auto ML)

With the help of automated machine learning, the neural net architecture and labeling of data will be improved. The labeling of data needs to be created by the labeling of industry in low-cost countries like India. The risk associated with using the labor force is minimized by the use of automated machine learning. By selecting the natural network model, Artificial intelligence has become significantly cheaper and very quickly reached the market for helping propose of people.

2. AI-enabled Conceptual Design

From the beginning, Artificial intelligence was mostly used in the field of streamlining the processing of images and data. This idea is mainly used in the field of retail, finance, and the area of the health sector. But currently, OpenAI developed two models. These two new models are CLIP (Contrastive Language Image Pre-training) and DALL.E . We can generate a new model by combining these two models and produce a new visual design from a text description. The previous work of OpenAI shows the capacity of working in various fields. An avocado-shaped armchair was designed with the help of an OpenAI, and this model was named an "avocado armchair." This new model helps the industry to boost its production level. Soon we can expect some new models that can increase production in the field of architecture, fashion, etc.

3. Multi-modal learning

Artificial intelligence is getting better in the field of single Machine Learning models such as vision, text, speech, and IoT sensor data. The developers start inventing new ideas by which they can modify the models to improve the common task like document uploading. For example, the collection of patient data in healthcare industries, genetic forms, and clinical trial forms. If The layout of these data is perfect, then it is understood by doctors; if not, then these data are not beneficial to the doctor. But with the help of the Artificial Intelligence multi-model, these collected data are automatically arranged in a certain format, and this layout is very quickly understood by the doctors. With the help of a multi-model, the results of the diagnosis data are easily arranged in a perfect layout pattern. This multi-model technique is also very useful for data scientists with other domain skills, such as machine vision and natural processing.

4. Multi-objective model

Artificial intelligence is developing a new model for business industries that can maximize their profit. Previously, big companies invested in the field of multi-model, which is quite expensive. The multi-objective model is different from the multi-model and quite cheaper than the multi-model. With the help of a multi-objective model, we can join our presentation of various data types. Targeting a single business without considering the other external factor can produce suboptimal results.  

5. Tiny Machine learning

Tiny ML is a rapidly growing Artificial intelligence and Machine learning technique. This technique runs on hardware devices such as microcontrollers used in power cars, utility meters, and refrigerators. According to Jason Shephard, the tiny ML technology is going to change the vision of Artificial intelligence and machine learning. The tiny ML algorithm currently recognizes the local voice of gunshots, baby crying, environmental condition, and vital signs. The developing team of tiny ML needs to adopt a new idea and approach for the development, security, and management of tiny machine learning.

6. AI-enabled employee experience

IT leaders have concern that the potential of Artificial intelligence can steal the job of human beings. Once Howard Brown, the CEO of Reveneo.io, said that Artificial intelligence could not steal a job; it enhances the work experience for the human being. With the help of AI assistance, the company feels relaxed during the hiring process of an employee. Combining the Robotic Automation process with Artificial intelligence can bring a huge change in the sales and marketing industry. With the help, this combination of technology also helps in training and coaching employees. Once Howard Brown also said, "everyone always talks about the great experience of the customer, but we can achieve the good experience of the customer by satisfying the employee."

7. Quantum ML

Quantum ML shows the path to Artificial intelligence to make the promising delivery of machine learning model. This Quantum ML technology is beyond practical reach. But the top MNC companies like Microsoft, IBM, and Amazon make this possible by taking the accessibility of Quantum ML technology via a cloud model.

Once Scott Laliberte said, "the quantum ML technology becomes more powerful in late 2021 and 2022." The intersection of quantum ML with Artificial technology brings the company to be capable of solving the problem that is unsolved today. In the next two to three years, industries are going to adopt the resource and strategy of quantum ML and Artificial intelligence to expand their quantum computing.

8. Democratize AI

For developing the Artificial Intelligence model, there is a need to improve the Artificial intelligence tools. This will make the development process significantly easier. Democratize Artificial intelligence cannot improve the model's process, but it can improve the accuracy provided by the subject matter experts. Doug Rank, the senior data scientist at Saggezza, predicts the trend will mirror the trajectory of technologies like computers and networks, which evolved from being usable by only a few experts to wide adoption across the enterprise. The big challenge will be cleaning up the data and providing access with appropriate guardrails.

"With careful planning, IT leaders can ensure their data remains accurate and complete throughout cloud migrations, so they can realize the value of accessible AI," Rank said.

9. Responsible Artificial Intelligence

Earlier, Artificial intelligence operates the work that comes from ethics, regulation, and explainability. The first efforts of the absence of oversight have the main focus on the protection of data and developing the new model like CCPA and GDPR. Trustworthy AI is growing in importance to appease regulators and consumers and help business users understand where and how AI makes mistakes.

Then never Malai, senior technical program manager at Saggezza, predicts enterprises will have to invest in training programs for trustworthy AI. Improved training will help humans identify and rectify problems that automated tools may miss.

10. Digital twins grow up

The digital twins model that simulates reality has been implemented across all the industrial sectors over the past couple of years. Still, currently, the digital twins are accelerating their speed of growth. "The next stage of this evolution is the convergence of scientific computing, industrial simulation, and artificial intelligence to create simulation intelligence where foundational simulation elements are built into operating systems," Rao said.

The possibilities for digital twins are vast and provide businesses with new ways to leverage and forecast data. With more complex and versatile digital twins, we can use simulation intelligence to predict real-world scenarios like disease progression, customer behaviors, and the economic impact of the pandemic. Digital twins will also become a critical technology for organizations working on or expanding into ESG modeling, intelligent cities, drug design, and other applications. 

Digital twin pilots are being scaled today. CIOs should consider incorporating them as part of the business's overall analytics architecture and cloud/IT stack. Companies must provide both a development environment and a production environment for running simulations. Simulation workloads are also compute-intensive, requiring on-demand computing in the cloud.

It's also an essential technology for CIOs to begin up skilling employees on. In addition, companies should have a well-defined process for scoping, building, calibrating, deploying, and monitoring digital twins. Digital twins can help CIOs transform a business, but only if the business and its employees are prepared.