** **We can denote shearing with **‘SH _{x}’
**and

**‘SH**These ‘

_{y}.’**SH**and

_{x}’**‘SH**are called

_{y}’**“Shearing factor.”**

We can perform shearing on the object in two ways-

**Shearing along x-axis:**In this, wecan store the y coordinate and only change the x coordinate. It is also called**“Horizontal Shearing.”**

We can represent Horizontal Shearing by the following equation-

**X _{1} = X_{0} + SH_{x}. Y_{0}**

**Y _{1} = Y_{0}**

**We can represent Horizontal shearing in the form of matrix**–

**Homogeneous Coordinate
Representation: **The 3 x 3 matrix for Horizontal Shearing is given below-

**2**. **Shearing along y-axis: **In this, wecan store the x coordinate and only change the y coordinate. It is also called **“Vertical Shearing.”**

We can represent Vertical Shearing by the following equation-

**X _{1} = X_{0} **

**Y _{1}
= Y_{0} + SH_{y}. X_{0}**

**We can represent Vertical
Shearing in the form of matrix**–

**Homogeneous Coordinate
Representation: **The 3×3 matrix for Vertical Shearing is given below-

**Example: **A Triangle with (2, 2),
(0, 0) and (2, 0). Apply Shearing factor 2 on X-axis and 2 on Y-axis. Find out
the new coordinates of the triangle?** **

**Solution:** We have,

The coordinates of triangle = P (2, 2), Q (0, 0), R (2, 0)

Shearing Factor for X-axis = 2

Shearing Factor for Y-axis = 2

Now, apply the equation to find the new coordinates.

**Shearing for X-axis:**

**For Coordinate P (2, 2)-**

Let the new coordinate for P = (X_{1},
Y_{1})

X_{1} = X_{0} + SH_{x}. Y_{0}
= 2 + 2 x 2 = 6

Y_{1} = Y_{0} = 2

**The New Coordinates = (6, 2)**

**For Coordinate Q (0, 0)-**

Let the new coordinate for Q = (X_{1},
Y_{1})

X_{1} = X_{0} + SH_{x}. Y_{0}
= 0 + 2 x 0 = 0

Y_{1} = Y_{0} = 0

**The New Coordinates = (0, 0)**

**For Coordinate R (2, 0)-**

Let the new coordinate for R = (X_{1},
Y_{1})

X_{1} = X_{0} + SH_{x}. Y_{0}
= 2 + 2 x 0 = 2

Y_{1} = Y_{0} = 0

**The New Coordinates = (2, 0)**

The New coordinates of triangle for x-axis = (6, 2), (0, 0), (2, 0)

**Shearing for y-axis: **

**For Coordinate P (2, 2)-**

Let the new coordinate for P = (X_{1},
Y_{1})

X_{1} = X_{0} = 2

Y_{1} = Y_{0} + Sh_{y}.X_{0}
= 2 + 2 x 2 = 6

**The New Coordinates = (2, 6)**

**For Coordinate Q (0, 0)-**

Let the new coordinate for Q = (X_{1},
Y_{1})

X_{1} = X_{0} = 0

Y_{1} = Y_{0} +Sh_{y}. X_{0}
= 0 + 2 x 0 =0

**The New Coordinates = (0, 0)**

**For Coordinate R (2, 0)-**

Let the new coordinate for R = (X_{1},
Y_{1})

X_{1} = X_{0} = 2

Y_{1} = Y_{0} + Sh_{y}. X_{0}
= 0 +2 x 2 = 4

**The New Coordinates = (2, 4)**

The New coordinates of triangle for y-axis = (2, 6), (0, 0), (2, 4)