JavaScirpt Tutorial Index

JavaScript Tutorial Javascript Example Javascript comment Javascript Variable Javascript Data Types Javascript Operators Javascript If Else Javascript Switch Statement Javascript loop JavaScript Function Javascript Object JavaScript Arrays Javascript String Javascript Date Javascript Math Javascript Number Javascript Dialog Box Javascript Window Object Javascript Document Object Javascript Event Javascript Cookies Javascript getElementByID Javascript Forms Validation Javascript Email Validation Javascript Password Validation Javascript Re-Password Validation Javascript Page Redirect Javascript Print How to Print a Page Using JavaScript Textbox events in JavaScript How to find the largest number contained in a JavaScript Array?


JavaScript P5.js JavaScript Minify JavaScript redirect URL with parameters Javascript Redirect Button JavaScript Ternary Operator JavaScript radio button checked value JavaScript moment date difference Javascript input maxlength JavaScript focus on input Javascript Find Object In Array JavaScript dropdown onchange JavaScript Console log Multiple variables JavaScript Time Picker Demo JavaScript Image resize before upload Functional Programming in JavaScript JavaScript SetTimeout() JavaScript SetInterval() Callback and Callback Hell in JavaScript Array to String in JavaScript Synchronous and Asynchronous in JavaScript Compare two Arrays in JavaScript Encapsulation in JavaScript File Type Validation while Uploading Using JavaScript or jquery Convert ASCII Code to Character in JavaScript Count Character in string in JavaScript Get First Element of Array in JavaScript How to convert array to set in JavaScript How to get current date and time in JavaScript How to Remove Special Characters from a String in JavaScript Number Validation in JavaScript Remove Substring from String in JavaScript

Interview Questions

JavaScript Interview Questions JavaScript Beautifier Practice Javascript Online Object in JavaScript JavaScript Count HTML Interpreter Getters and Setters in JavaScript Throw New Error in JavaScript XOR in JavaScript Callbacks and Promises in JavaScript Atob in JavaScript Binary in JavaScript Palindrome Number in JavaScript How to Get First Character Of A String In JavaScript How to Get Image Data in JavaScript How to get URL in JavaScript JavaScript GroupBy Methods difference-between-var-let-and-const-keyword-in-java-script

JavaScript setInterval()

On the Window and Worker interfaces, the setInterval() method calls a function or executes a snippet with a specified time delay between each call.

This function provides an interval ID that uniquely identifies the interval, allowing you to clear it afterward using clearInterval ().

1000 milliseconds equal 1 second


setInterval(function, milliseconds, param1, param2, ...)

Parameter Values

  function  Required  A function that will be run per millisecond of delay. After milliseconds of delay, the first execution occurs.  
  milliseconds  Optional  The timer should wait in milliseconds before the provided function or code is run. If this option is set less than 10, a value of 10 is used, which means that the event will be executed with an interval of 10 milliseconds.  
  param1, param2, param3 ...  Optional  Additional parameters are given through to the function that the function specifies.  

Return Value

The intervalID value provided by setInterval() is a non-zero numeric integer that identifies the timer generated by the function; this value may be supplied to clearInterval() to cancel the interval.

It's worth noting that setInterval() and setTimeout() both use the same pool of IDs, and that clearInterval() and clearTimeout() are technically interchangeable. To minimize confusion while maintaining the code, we should aim to match them as much as possible.

The delay parameter is transformed to a signed 32-bit integer before being used. Because it's stated as a signed integer in the IDL, this effectively limits delay to 2147483647 ms.


 setInterval(myTimer, 1000);

function myTimer() {
 	 const date = new Date();
	document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = date.toLocaleTimeString();

Why not setInterval?

To understand why setInterval is bad, remember that JavaScript is fundamentally single-threaded, which means it can only do one action at a time. When functions take longer than the delay specified in setInterval (for example, an ajax call), we'll see that either function doesn't have enough breathing room or setInterval() breaks its rhythm.

In the event of asynchronous actions, setInterval will result in a large backlog of requests, which is inefficient. When performing time-consuming synchronous tasks, setInterval may disrupt the flow. If there is an issue in the setInterval code block, it will not stop the execution but will continue to run the defective code. They also require a clearInterval function to put an end to it. In the event of time-sensitive actions, you may also use setTimeout recursively.

In JavaScript, how can I call the setInterval method for the first time without delay?

The setInterval() method uses one of two mechanisms to call the function after the delay for the first time:

Firstly, perform a single call to the function before running setInterval. Before utilizing the setInterval method, the function can be called once. This will instantly execute the function, allowing the setInterval() method to be used with the needed callback.

A new function is constructed that first encloses the function's invocation and then calls the setInterval() method. For the first time, this will assist in simulating the setInterval() method without a wait.

Secondly, inside the setInterval function, use an instantly calling function. An Immediately-invoked Function Expression (IIFE) is a function that is invoked right after it is declared. This property can be utilized in the setInterval() function's callback since it will be run once, and then the real setInterval() will commence after the provided delay. For the first time, this will aid in simulating the setInterval() method without a wait.

How to stop setInterval?

A timer set with the setInterval() function is cleared using the clearInterval() method. The global clearInterval() function eliminates a timed, recurring action that was previously performed using the setInterval() method ().



intervalID - The identification of the activity you want to stop repeating. The equivalent call to setInterval returned this ID ().

It's important to note that the pool of IDs used by setInterval() and setTimeout() are the same, therefore clearInterval() and clearTimeout() may potentially be used interchangeably. However, for the sake of clarity, you should refrain from doing so.

Difference between setTimeout() and setInterval()?

JavaScript timing events include setTimeout and setInterval. The setTimeout method delays the execution of a function, whereas setInterval repeatedly calls a function with a delay between each call.

Please keep in mind that no scheduling approach can ensure an accurate delay. The in-browser timer, for example, may slow down for a variety of reasons:
•  The processor is overworked.
•  The browser tab has been switched to the background.
•  The laptop is powered by a battery.


  • The setInterval() method in JavaScript runs a given function several times at specified millisecond intervals (1000ms = 1 second).
  • Until the clearInterval() method is performed, or the window is closed, the JS setInterval() method will keep calling the provided function.
  • The setInterval() function in JavaScript produces an ID that may be used by the clearInterval() method to terminate the interval.
  • Use the setTimeout() method if you need to run a function once.