CSS Introduction

CSS Tutorial What is CSS CSS Syntax CSS Selector How to include CSS CSS Comments

CSS Attributes

CSS Background CSS Border CSS Display CSS Float CSS Font CSS Color CSS Hover CSS Important CSS Line-height CSS Margin CSS Opacity CSS Filter CSS Images CSS Overflow CSS Padding CSS Position CSS Vertical align CSS White space CSS Width Word-wrap in CSS Box-shadow in CSS Text-transform in CSS CSS Outline CSS Visibility CSS Counters CSS Clear fix CSS Icons CSS Justify-content Text-decoration in CSS CSS Lists CSS nth selector CSS Sticky CSS Background-clip CSS Checkbox-style CSS Letter-spacing CSS Navigation bar CSS Overlay CSS Root CSS Specificity CSS Text-indent CSS Text-stroke CSS Zoom CSS Order CSS Descendent selector CSS Clip CSS calc() CSS Background-blend-mode CSS radio-button CSS Superscript and subscript CSS Text-effects CSS Text-align CSS Variables CSS Page-break-before CSS Page-break-inside CSS Page-break-after CSS Content property CSS Word-spacing CSS Animation CSS @keyframes rules CSS Pseudo-classes CSS Pseudo-elements CSS Radial-gradient CSS Translate CSS Gradients CSS z-index CSS Loaders CSS Units CSS Transition CSS Masking CSS Arrow CSS Pagination

Misc

What is Bootstrap CSS What is CSS used for Difference between HTML and CSS How to center a table in CSS What is a CSS File How to center a button in CSS How to change background color in CSS How to change the font in CSS How to change font size in CSS How to resize an image in CSS How to get rid of bullet pioints in CSS Is CSS a programming language Grid Vs Flexbox in CSS How to edit CSS in WordPress How to use google fonts in CSS

CSS Animation

CSS Animation: The animation property of CSS is applied to make animation over any webpage. It is used as the animation replacement made by JavaScript and Flash.

Rules of CSS3 @keyframes

The animation can be made inside the rule of @keyframe. It can be used to handle various intermediate steps within the sequence of CSS animation.

Working of Animation

An animation enables a component change gradually through a single style to other styles. We can include the properties as much as we wish to include. Also, we can describe the modifications in percentage. 100 percent describes the animation completion, and 0 percent represents the animation start.

How it works

If animation is made within the rule of @keyframe, then it should be restrained with the selector. Otherwise, that animation will not have any effect.

An animation is restrained to a selector by describing at least the following two properties:

  1. The animation name
  2. The animation duration

Properties of Animation

PropertyDescription
@keyframesThis property is applied to describe the animation.
AnimationIt is the shorthand attribute, applied to set every property, excluding the animation-fill-mode and the animation-play-state attributes.
animation-delayThis property describes at the time of the start of an animation.
animation-directionThis property describes whether or not an animation must play inside alternate or reserve cycle.
animation-durationThis attribute describes the duration of time taken via animation for completing one cycle.
animation-fill-modeThis attribute depicts the component’s static style. (If an animation isn’t playing.)
animation-iteration-countThis attribute represents the time’s number; an animation must be played.
animation-play-stateThis property depicts when an animation is paused o running.
animation-nameThis property describes the @keyframes animation name.
animation-timing-functionThis attribute depicts the animation’s speed curve.

Consider the following examples.

  1. Example: background-color changing

Let’s take a simple animation illustration that modifies the rectangle’s background color from LIME to GREEN.

<!DOCTYPE html> 
<html> 
<head> 
<style>  
div { 
width: 100px; 
height: 100px; 
background: lime; 
-webkit-animation: myfirst 6s; /* Opera, Safari, Chrome */ 
animation: myfirst 5s; 
} 
/* Opera, Safari, Chrome */ 
@-webkit-keyframes myfirst { 
from {background: lime;} 
to {background: green;} 
} 
/* Standard syntax */ 
@keyframes myfirst { 
from {background: lime;} 
to {background: green;} 
} 
</style> 
</head> 
<body> 
<p><b>Note:</b> The IE 9 and it's earlier versions do not provide support for animation properties of CSS3. </p> 
<p> Look at the rectangle background color from lime to green. </p>
<div></div> 
</body> 
</html> 

Output:

CSS Animation
  • Example: Rectangle moving

Let’s take other illustrations to show animation along with the percentage value.

<!DOCTYPE html> 
<html> 
<head> 
<style>  
div { 
width: 100px; 
height: 100px; 
background: red; 
position: relative; 
-webkit-animation: myfirst 5s; /* Opera, Safari, Chrome */ 
animation: myfirst 5s; 
} 
/* Opera, Safari, Chrome */ 
@-webkit-keyframes myfirst { 
0% {background:pink; left:0px; top:0px;} 
25% {background:red; left:300px; top:0px;} 
50% {background:lime; left:200px; top:300px;} 
75% {background:yellow; left:0px; top:200px;} 
100% {background:blue; left:0px; top:0px;} 
} 
/* Standard syntax */ 
@keyframes myfirst { 
0% {background:pink; left:0px; top:0px;} 
25% {background:red; left:300px; top:0px;} 
50% {background:lime; left:300px; top:200px;} 
75% {background:yellow; left:0px; top:200px;} 
100% {background:blue; left:0px; top:0px;} 
} 
</style> 
</head> 
<body> 
<p><b>Note:</b> The Internet Explorer 9 and its earlier versions don't support this illustration. </p> 
<div></div> 
</body> 
</html> 

Output:

CSS Animation



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