Immigration is the procedure by which people become permanent residents or naturalized citizens of different countries in which they don't hold citizenship. In simple language, immigration means settling in a country where the person is not born. A person who comes to live permanently in another country is known as an immigrant. The word immigrate came from the Latin word in the 17th century, "immigrare," which means "to go into.” There are many factors that can provoke people to settle in another country, like the chance of getting a better job or high pay, better living conditions, educational opportunities, political, social, economic, or religious reasons.
Immigration is a very delicate matter; many countries have rigorous immigration regulations. For instance, the United States, which is a developed country, has rigid immigration regulations to restrain the permanent movement of individuals in their country.
For instance –a Pakistani person who decide to settle in India for higher pay in a job is an immigrant to India.
Emigration is the procedure of people leaving their own country or native country with the motive to settle in another country. A person who leaves their own country to settle in another country is known as an emigrant. The word emigrate came from the Latin word in the 17th century, "emigrare," which means "to move".
Emigration has both favorable and unfavorable effects on the country, like, when a person leaves a country, it pulls down purchaser contributions and labor strength. If a country is overfilled with the labor force, then it will relieve unemployment and will have a favorable effect on the country. If the circumstance is different, emigration can bereave the country of its talented labor force. Nevertheless, talented labor can emigrate to another country for better job opportunities, better welfare programs, better education, a favorable climate, and many more factors.
For instance- a person leaving Pakistan to reside in India for higher pay is an emigrant to Pakistan.
Comparison between immigration and emigration
|Meaning||Immigration is the procedure in which people become permanent residents or naturalized citizens of different countries in which they don't hold citizenship.||Emigration is the procedure of people leaving their own country or native country with the motive to settle in another country.|
|Origin||The word came from the word “immigrare”.||The word came from the word “emigrare”.|
|laws||Immigration is strictly restrained by the laws of the nation.||Emigration is not that strict about their guidelines of emigration.|
|Advantages||An immigrant can bring more talent to the country’s employees and will benefit the economy of the country.||If a person who emigrates sends remuneration to their homeland, then it will benefit the equilibrium of payments of their own country.|
|Factors||People settle in another country for better living conditions or for higher pay, and many more.||People emigrate to another country for a better lifestyle, more job opportunities, a better climate, and many more.|
|Population||Immigration increases the population of the host country.||Emigration decreases the population of their own or native country.|
|Instance||A person leaving Pakistan to settle in India for a better job is an immigrant to India.||A person leaving Pakistan to settle in India for a better job is an emigrant to Pakistan.|