A homogeneous mixture is a mixture in which elements are uniformly combined in every part of the mixture. The mixture of components blends so thoroughly that person cannot see a single component. Therefore, each test of the mixture will exhibit an equal number of each component. The homogenous mixture can be solid, liquid, gas, or plasma mixtures. For instance, alloys are made of two or more metals, salt and water mixture, sugar and water mixture, baking soda and vinegar, and many more.
Properties of a homogenous mixture
Following are the properties of homogenous mixtures:
- Homogenous mixtures, which are combined in every part to the level of molecules, are called solutions.
- The homogeneous mixture cannot be exhibited as chemical formulas.
- Homogenous mixtures consist of a single phase.
- The size of the substance is much less than one nanometer.
- Homogenous mixtures don’t show the Tyndall effect.
A heterogeneous mixture is a mixture in which all the elements are not uniformly combined in every part of the mixture. It can also be seen in the microscope and can be identified each component easily by unaided eyes because components remain separate from each other. For instance, cement and water, sugar and sand in which the particles can be seen clearly, salt and pepper, and many more.
Properties of a heterogeneous mixture
Following are the properties of heterogeneous mixtures:
- Heterogeneous mixtures are not combined uniformly.
- Heterogeneous mixtures show a Tyndall effect.
- The size of the element is a minimum of one nanometer to a maximum of one micrometer.
- The elements can be differentiated completely.
- A heterogeneous mixture consists of substances in variance phases.
|Basis||Homogenous mixture||Heterogeneous mixture|
|Definition||A homogeneous mixture is a mixture in which elements are uniformly combined in every part of the mixture.||A heterogeneous mixture is a mixture in which all the elements are not uniformly combined in every part of the mixture.|
|Uniformity||The homogenous mixture has a uniform mixture.||The heterogeneous mixture has a non-uniform mixture|
|Split||The mixtures cannot be split physically.||The mixtures can be split physically.|
|Phase||A homogenous mixture has a single phase.||Heterogeneous mixtures have two or more phases.|
|Meaning||The word “homo” means the same or identical.||The word “hetero” means different or unlike.|
|examples||A mixture of salt and water, sugar and water.||A mixture of sand and salt, salt and pepper.|