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Difference between President and Prime Minister

The country's first citizen and head of state is the President. The Prime Minister, on the other hand, leads the country's government at the national level, together with the other Council of Ministers.

The majority of people are uncertain about the Prime Minister's and President's duties, responsibilities, powers, and authorities. However, the distinction between the two executives is dependent on the nation in question; some countries have one or the other, while certain have both. There are two types of governance, Presidential and Parliamentary, that determine whether the country has one or both executive branches. The President is the country's leader.

India’s arrangement

Both a President and a Prime Minister exist under the parliamentary system of government. So, let's have a look at the material that has been provided to you in order to gain a better knowledge of the two. For five years, he exercise India's most significant position.

The Prime Minister must have the backing of a majority of the lower house of parliament, since without it, he or she will lose power. The Prime Minister, along with other chosen ministers, forms the Council of Ministers, which should include MP’s (members of Parliament). The council only takes effect after the PM, thus it can't exist without him. Furthermore, they are collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha, which means that if the Ministry loses the lower chamber's confidence, the whole council must resign.

Definition of President

The ‘President of India' is the country's top executive, official leader, constitutional guardian, and supreme commander-in-chief of the three military forces. He is the nominal executive selected by the people indirectly through elected Members of Parliament and Members of Legislative Assemblies of all states and union territories. For a period of five years, he or she occupies the highest position.

Role of President

The President of India enjoys exclusive powers under the Indian constitution, which are implemented through the Council of Ministers, which is led by the Prime Minister. In legislative, judicial, and emergency affairs, he has absolute powers, which he exercises in consultation with the Council of Ministers.

He/She has sole authority to nominate the Governors of States, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG), the Chief Election Commission, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and the High Court, the Chief Election Commissioner, Chairman, and other UPSC members (Union Public Service Commission).

  1. The President has the right to be informed about all major issues and deliberations in the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister is obligated to deliver the President with any requested information.
  2. The country's nominal ruler. All independent constitutional entities (Executive + Parliament + Defense) report to him. He indirectly governs the country through his executive and other selected officials.
  3. The President appoints all members of his executive, namely the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers, but the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers execute all executive power vested in the President.
  4. The President is in charge of a wide variety of appointments. The President appoints all government officials (all officers in Class-I Grade), the Office of the Election Commission of India, the Auditor and Comptroller General of India, the Attorney General, the Chairman of the UPSC, and constitutionally independent entities.
  5. The President, together with the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, is an integral component of Parliament.
  6. The President has the authority to nominate 12 Rajya Sabha members and two Lok Sabha members.
  7. Before becoming law, all bills must get the President's approval.
  8. The President has the authority to nominate the CJI, CJs of all high courts, and other SC/HC judges.

Prime Minister

The Prime Minister (PM) is the chief of the Council of Ministers, the President's principal consultant, and the country's most powerful official. For five years, he wields India's most important position.

Prime Minister (PM) is the head of the Council of Ministers, chief to the President and is the major functionary of the government of the country. He holds the most powerful office in India for a period of five years.

Role of Prime Minister

The Prime Minister wields authority consequent from a variety of sources, including control over the council, governance of the House of People, access to the media, diplomatic excursions, and the prognosis of candidates during elections and such.

  1. The Executive's (Government) Functional Head.
  2. The head of the country's real executive, i.e. the "Council of Ministers."
  3. The cabinet and ministerial council are led by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister determines which laws or legislation must be passed.
  4. The Prime Minister appoints the ministers to the Council of Ministers and assigns them rank and ministries.
  5. The Prime Minister (PM) is the head of the Council of Ministers, the President's principal advisor, and the country's most powerful official.
Difference Between President And Prime Minister
Prime Minister President
Definition The Prime Minister is the country's most authoritative individual and the government's main representative. He is the republic's first citizen and embraces the republic’s highest office
Supervise Head of the Cabinet and the Ministerial Council. Official head of the nation.
Appointment Designated by the President  Voted by the MP's and MLA's
Political party Belongs to the ruling party that has a majority in the lower house. Not a member of any political party.
Policies and Bills The policies and bills are decided by the Prime Minister and the other members of the Council of Ministers. Without the approval of President Bills cannot be conceded.
Emergency Can't assert emergency in the nation. Emergency can be affirmed in the republic by President.
Jurisdictional Judgments There is no right to meddle with jurisdictive rulings. Enjoys the power to give pardon to convicts.
Elimination before term If the majority of Lok Sabha votes in favour of a 'no-confidence motion,' Only by 'impeachment'


Both the President and the Prime Minister serve for a five-year term and draw their powers and responsibilities from the constitution. The duties, responsibilities, rights, and compulsions of the two major executives differ significantly, and they should not be mistaken with one another.