Difference between Phrase and Clause

Clause

A clause is a group of words that contains the subject and verb in a sentence.

Instance:

                 The girl is eating.

In the above instance, girl is the subject, and eating is the verb; therefore, the complete sentence is a clause because it contains both subject and verb.

The clause can make a complete sentence that doesn't need any helping words.

For instance:

                  Sam laughed.

The above instance has two uncomplicated words that make a complete sentence and can be understood. It contains subject and verb, and therefore it is a clause.

A sentence can also contain more than one clause and is joined with a conjunction, which is called compound sentences.

For instance:

                  I like coffee but she like tea.

In the above sentence, there are two clauses- I like coffee, and she likes tea.

Phrase

A phrase is any group of two or more words that convey a concept and acting as a single unit within a sentence. The phrase is without a subject-verb unit because it does not convey any meaning, but it clarifies the context of the sentence when joined with a clause.     

Instances:

            On a table, on the wall, under the bed.

The above instances are of distinct sentences which do not contain subject and verb; therefore, they are categorized as phrases.

A sentence can also contain both phrases and clauses.

Instance:

         She is studying under the tree.

In the above instance, she is studying is a clause that consists of subject and verb, and under the tree is a phrase that doesn't contain subject and verb.

Comparison between Phrase and Clause

Difference Between Phrase And Clause

Basis

Phrase

Clause

Meaning

A phrase is any group of two or more words that convey a concept and acting as a single unit within a sentence, and does not contain subject and verb.

A clause is a grammatical arrangement that is a group of words, which contains the subject and verb in a sentence. 

Component of

The phrase is a component of a clause or sentence.

A clause is a component of a complete sentence.

Meaning

The word in a sentence of a phrase has a meaning, but it does not form a complete sense which cannot be understood when standalone.

The sentence of a clause gives complete meaning and can be understood when standalone.

Does it Convey thoughts or ideas?

The phrase is a part of a sentence without two parts of speech that are subject and verb, which does not convey any thought or idea.

A clause is a part of a sentence which have two speech that is subject and verb; therefore, it makes complete sense and conveys a thought or idea.   

Instances

  • She is sitting under a tree.
  • Cat is sitting at the table.
  • The baby is drawing on the wall.
  • Justin loves to travel alone.
  • He is swimming in the pool.
  • Over the horizon.
  • She is sitting under a tree.
  • Cat is sitting at the table.
  • The baby is drawing on the wall.
  • Justin loves to travel alone.
  • He is swimming in the pool.
  • I like coffee but she like tea.



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