React Router

What is React Router?

Routing is a process by which a user can direct to different pages based on their actions and requests. ReactJS router is generally used to develop single web page applications. React Router is used for defining multiple routes in an application. When a user enters any specific URL into the browser, and if the path of that URL matches with any ‘router’ inside the router file, then the user will be redirected towards a particular route.

React router is used to establish routing in the react application by using the React router package. It gives a synchronous URL to the browser with data that will be displayed on the webpage. It maintains the behavior and standard structure of the application and mainly used for creating single page web applications.

Why React Router?

React Router is also used for displaying the multiple views in a single page web application. Without using the React Router, you cannot display the multiple views in the React applications. The social media websites like Facebook, Instagram, etc. use React router for rendering multiple views.

Components of React Router

There are mainly two types of router components:

  • <BrowserRouter>: It is used to handle the dynamic URL.
  • <HashRouter>: It is used to handle the static request.

Benefits of React Router

React Router has several benefits that are given as follows:

  • In React Router, it is not mandatory to manually set the browser history.
  • Links are used for navigating the internal links of the application, similarly as an anchor tag.
  • There is a use of switch feature for rendering.
  • The router requires only a single child element.

Step by Step procedure for installing React Router

There are three packages to react for routing. These are as follows:

  • react-router: It gives the core routing functions and components for the react-router applications.
  • react-router-native: It is for mobile apps.
  • react-router-dom: It is used for designing web applications.

Step1:  Install a React Router

A simple way to directly install the react-router in your application is as follows. You have to run the following command in your command prompt:

npm install react-router

Install a React Router

Step 2: Now, we have to create two more components About.js and Contact.js along with App.js (already present).

About.js

import React from 'react';
 class About extends React.Component {
  render() {
 return 

About

} } export default About;

Contact.js

import React from 'react';
 class Contact extends React.Component {
render() {
  return 

Contact

} } export default Contact;

App.js

import React from 'react' ;
 class App extends React.Component {
render() {
return (

Home

) } export default App;

Step 3: To perform routing, you need to open the index.js file and import all the three component files in it. You have to import line: import { Route, Link, BrowserRouter as Router } from 'react-router-dom', which helps in the implementation of routing.

Index.js

import React from 'react';
 import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
 import { Route, Link, BrowserRouter as Router } from 'react-router-dom';
 import './index.css';
 import App from './App';
 import About from './About';
 import Contact from './Contact';
 const routing = (

React Router Example

) ReactDOM.render(routing, document.getElementById('root'));

Now open your command prompt and start the npm by using the npm start command. After the successful compilation, you will get the following output:

Now open your command prompt

If you write localhost:3000/about manually in the browser, then the About component is rendered on the screen, and you will get the following output:

About component is rendered on the screen

In the above output, you can notice that the home component is still rendered. It happens because the path attribute of the home path is ‘/’ and the path attribute of about path is ‘/about’, and it can be observed that slash (/) is common in both of the paths and renders both components.

If you want to stop this behavior, you have to use exact prop. It can be clear from the following example:

Index.js

import React from 'react';
 import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
 import { Route, Link, BrowserRouter as Router } from 'react-router-dom';
 import './index.css';
 import App from './App';
 import About from './About';
 import Contact from './Contact'; 
 const routing = (
 
 

Example of React Router

Output:

Example of React Router

Adding Navigation using Link Component

Sometimes, we require multiple links on a single page. If we click on any of the specific links, it should load the page, which is associated with that link without any reloading of the webpage. To perform this, we have to import <Link> component in the index.js file.

What is Link Component?

It is the component that is used for creating the links that allow you to navigate on different URLs and render its content without the reloading of the webpage.

Example

Index.js

import React from 'react';
 import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
 import { Route, Link, BrowserRouter as Router } from 'react-router-dom';
 import './index.css';
 import App from './App';
 import About from './About';
 import Contact from './Contact';
 const routing = ( 
  
  

React Router Example (Navigation with Link Component)

  • Home
  • About
  • Contact
) ReactDOM.render(routing, document.getElementById('root'));

Output:

What is Link Component

When you click on About and Contact link, you will see that the URL is changing, and the component of that specific link is rendered on the screen.

When you click on the About link, you will get the following output:

When you click on the About link,

When you click on the Contact link, you will get the following output:

you click on the Contact link

We can also add some styles to the link, such that if we click on any specific link, it should be easily identified which link is active. For performing it, the React router gives NavLink instead of Link. The NavLink has the activeStyle property, which means when we click on the Link, it provides a specific style by which it can be easily identified which one is currently active.

It can be clear with the following example:

Example:

import React from 'react'; 
 import ReactDOM from 'react-dom'; 
 import { BrowserRouter as Router, Route, Link, NavLink } from 'react-router-dom';
 import './index.css'; 
 import App from './App'; 
 import About from './About';
 import Contact from './Contact';
 const route = ( 
    
  

React Router Example

  • Home
  • About
  • Contact
) ReactDOM.render(route, document.getElementById('root'));

Output:

You will get the following output after the successful compilation of the above code.

get the following output after the successful compilation

Because the Home link is currently active so, the color of the Home link is red. When you click on the About link, the color of the link turns into red, because the link gets active.

the color of the Home link is red

Similarly, when you click on the Contact link, the link gets active, and the color turns to red.

when you click on the Contact link

Note: The Link component allows you to navigate the different routes on the website, whereas the NavLink component is used for adding the styles to the active routes.

React Router Switch

The <Switch> is used for rendering the components only when the URL is matched. Otherwise, it returns the notfound component.

Let us try to create the notfound component.

Notfound.js

import React from 'react' 
const Notfound = () => 

Not found

export default Notfound;

Index.js

import React from 'react'; 
 import ReactDOM from 'react-dom'; 
 import { BrowserRouter as Router, Route, Link, NavLink, Switch } from 'react-router-dom' 
 import './index.css'; 
 import App from './App'; 
 import About from './About';
 import Contact from './Contact';
 import Notfound from './Notfound'; 
 const route = (  
   
  

React Router Example

  • Home
  • About
  • Contact
) ReactDOM.render(route, document.getElementById('root'));

Output:

If you manually enter the wrong URL, then it will give you the Not Found error. It will get clear in the following image:

you the Not Found error

React Router <Redirect>

A <Redirect> component is used for redirecting to another route in our application to maintain the old URLs. You can place it anywhere in the route hierarchy.

Nested Routing in React

It allows you to render the sub-routes in your application. The following example will help you to understand it.

Example:

Index.js

import React from 'react'; 
 import ReactDOM from 'react-dom'; 
 import { BrowserRouter as Router, Route, Link, NavLink, Switch } from 'react-router-dom' 
 import './index.css'; 
 import App from './App'; 
 import About from './About';
 import Contact from './Contact'; 
 import Notfound from './Notfound';
 const route = ( 
   
  

React Router Example

  • Home
  • About
  • Contact
) ReactDOM.render(route, document.getElementById('root'));

In the Contact.js file, we require to import the React Router component to implement the subroutes.

Contact.js

import React from 'react' 
 import { Route, Link } from 'react-router-dom' 
 const Contacts = ({ match }) => 

{match.params.id}

class Contact extends React.Component { render() { const { url } = this.props.match return (

This is Contact Page

Select contact Id
  • Contact 1
  • Contact 2
  • Contact 3
) } } export default Contact;

Output:

Once the code gets successfully compiled, you will get the following output:

code gets successfully compiled

After clicking the Contact, you will get the contact list, and on clicking any contact from the contact list you will also get the corresponding output:

on clicking any contact from the contact list



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