What is Android Operating System?
Android is a Linux-based and open-source operating system mainly established for mobile devices like tablet computers and Smartphones. The Android operating system was established by the Open Handset Alliance, led by Google and other companies.
Android provides you an integrated approach to the development of the applications for the mobile devices that means developers only develop for Android, and we run these applications on the different devices that are powered by Android.
In 2007, Google developed the first beta version of the Android Software Development Kit, but in September 2008, the first commercial version of the Android 1.0 was released.
On 27 June 2012, Google released another version of the Android, and the name of the version was 4.1 jelly Bean, Jelly Bean is an incremental update, and its main focus is to enhance the performance and functionality of the user interface.
The Android source code can be freely available, and it can be open-source software licenses.
Benefits of Android Operating System
There are various benefits of the Android operating system:
- It decreases the cost of development.
- It provides a higher success ratio.
- In the Android operating system, there are larger developer and community reach.
- Increased Marketing.
- Android is open-source.
- Inter-App integration.
Features of the Android Operating System
There are various features of the Android operating system:
- Infrared Transmission: – An Android operating system supports a built-in infrared transmitter that enables you to access your phone or tablet remotely.
- No-Touch Control: – No-Touch Control is the wonderful features of the Android operating system. There are various android apps like Wave Control via which we can control our phones touch-free only with the help of the gestures.
- Multi-tasking: – In the Android operating system, multi-tasking means we can quickly move from one task to another, and simultaneously we can also run many applications.
- Beautiful UI: – An Android operating system offers you an intuitive and beautiful user interface.
- Auto-Correction and Directory: – The Android operating system contains a special feature which is known as Auto-Correction and Directory. If there is any misspelled word, then the Android operating system suggests a meaningful word and matches the words which are available in the dictionary. We can easily add and delete the words from the dictionary as per our needs.
- Storage: – In the Android operating system, for data storage, we use the SQLite relational database.
Versions of Android Operating System
There are various versions of the Android operating system:
- Android 1.0: – The Android 1.0 version was developed on Sept.23, 2008. It consists of Google apps, including YouTube, Maps, Gmail, and Calendar.
- Android 1.5 (Cupcake): – The Android 1.5 (Cupcake) version was developed in April.27, 2009. The Android 1.5 (Cupcake) version offers an onscreen virtual keyboard, and it also provides a framework for the third-party app widgets.
- Android 1.6 (Donut): – The Android 1.6 (Donut) version was released on Sept.15, 2009. It offers the facility to run the operating system on the different sizes of screens and resolutions, and it also provides support for the CDMA networks.
- Android 2.0 (Éclair): – Android 2.0 (Éclair) was developed on Oct.26, 2009. It came with various features such as Pinch-to-zoom capability, Turn-by-Turn voice navigation, and Real-time traffic Information.
- Android 2.2 (Froyo): – Android 2.2 (Froyo) was developed in May.20, 2010. It comes with various features like Added dock, which is present at the bottom of the home screen and Voice actions. By using this feature, we can tap an icon and speak a command as per our wish. The Flash feature is also available in Android 2.2 (Froyo).
- Android 2.3 (Gingerbread): – Android 2.3 (Gingerbread) was developed on Dec.6, 2010. This feature provides a green and black color in the UI.
- Android 3.0 to 3.2 (Honeycomb): – Android 3.0 to 3.2 (Honeycomb) was developed on Feb.22, 2011. This version was specially released for the tablets, and it offered a holographic design, blue and space-themed.
- Android 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich): – Android 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich) was developed on Oct.18, 2011. It came with the feature of the unified UI for both smartphones and tablets.
- Android 4.1 to 4.3 (Jelly bean): – Android 4.1 to 4.3 (Jelly bean) was developed in July.9, 2012, Nov.13, 2012, and July.24, 2013, respectively. It comes with the Google Now feature, which is a day planner service. This version also offers enhanced voice search and interactive notification system.
- Android 4.4 (KitKat): – Android 4.4 (KitKat) was released on Oct.31, 2013. This version provides light colors in the UI with a transparent status bar and white icons.
- Android 5.0 (Lollipop): – Android 5.0 (Lollipop) was developed on Nov.12, 2014. This version comes with the feature of hands-free voice along with a Spoken “OK, Google” command.
- Android 6.0 (Marshmallow): – Android 6.0 (Marshmallow) was developed on Oct. 5, 2015. This version offers you granular app permission, and it also supports USB and a fingerprint reader.
- Android 7.0 and 7.1 (Nougat): – Android 7.0 and 7.1 (Nougat) were developed in Aug.22, 2016, and Oct. 4, 2016, respectively. These versions come with the feature of native split-screen mode.
- Android 8.0 and 8.1 (Oreo): – Android 8.0 and 8.1 (Oreo) were developed in Aug.21, 2017, and Dec.5, 2017, respectively. These versions provide a native PIP (picture-in-picture) mode and the snooze notifications option.
- Android 9.0 (Pie): – Android 9.0 (Pie) was developed on Aug.6, 2018. This version includes various features such as brightness management and suggested replies for the messages.
- Android 10 (Android Q): – Android 10 (Android Q) was developed on Sept.3, 2019. This version includes various new features like Focus Mode and a dark theme.
What is Windows Operating System?
Windows operating system was established by Microsoft. The Windows operating system offers you a GUI (Graphical User Interface) and a Multitasking ability. It also provides various peripheral devices and virtual memory management. The first version of the Windows operating system was developed in 1990. And the subsequently released versions were Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows XP Professional, and Windows Vista.
Versions of the Windows Operating System?
|Windows Server Version||Code Name||Kernel Version||Min Memory||Launch Date||Min Disk||CPU Speed|
|Windows for Workgroups 3.1||Sparta||3.1||3 MB||Oct-92||10.5 MB||25 MHz|
|Windows for Workgroups 3.1||Snowball||3.11||3 MB||Nov-93||10.5 MB||25 MHz|
|Windows for NT 3.1 Advanced Server||NT OS/2||NT 3.10||16 MB||Aug-93||90 MB||25 MHz|
|Windows for NT 3.5 server||Daytona||NT 3.5||16 MB||Sep-94||90 MB||25 MHz|
|Windows for NT 3.51 Server||Daytona||NT 3.51||16 MB||Jun-95||90 MB||25 MHz|
|Windows for NT 4 Server||Cairo||NT 4.0||32 MB||JUN-96||150 MB||33 MHz|
|Windows 2000 Server||Janus||NT 5.0||128 MB||Feb-00||1000 MB||133 MHz|
|Windows Server 2003||Whistler||NT 5.2||512 MB||Apr-03||1500 MB||400 MHz|
|Windows Server 2003 R2||R2||NT 5.2||512 MB||Mar-06||1500 MB||400 MHz|
|Windows Server 2008||Longhorn||NT 6.0||512 MB||Feb-08||20, 000 MB||1000MHz|
|Windows Server 2008 R2||Server 7||NT 6.1||512 MB||0ct-09||32, 000 MB||1400MHz|
|Windows Server 2012||Server 8||NT 6.2||512 MB||Sep-12||32, 000 MB||1400MHz|
|Windows Server 2012 R2||Blue||NT 6.3||512 MB||Oct-13||32, 000 MB||1400MHz|
|Windows Server 2016||Redstone||NT 10.0||512 MB||Sep-16||32, 000 MB||1400MHz|