Operating System Tutorial

Operating System Tutorial Types of Operating System Evolution of Operating System Functions of Operating System Operating System Properties Operating System Services Components of Operating System Needs of the Operating System

Operating Systems

Linux Operating System Unix Operating System Ubuntu Operating System Chrome Operating Systems Fedora Operating System MAC Operating System MS Windows Operating System Solaris Operating System Cooperative Operating System CorelDRAW Operating System CentOS FreeBSD Operating Systems Batch Operating System MS-DOS Operating System Commercial Mobile Operating Systems


Difference Between Multi-programming and Multitasking Difference between C-LOOK and C-SCAN Difference between Rotational Latency and Disk Assess Time Trap vs Interrupt Difference between C-SCAN and SSTF Difference between SCAN and FCFS Difference between Seek Time and Disk Access Time Difference between SSTF and LOOK Difference between Process and Program in the Operating System Difference between Protection and Security in Operating System

How To

How to implement Monitors using Semaphores How to Install a Different Operating System on a PC


What is Kernel and Types of Kernel What is DOS Operating System What is Thread and Types of Thread What is Process Scheduler and Process Queue What is Context Switching What is CPU Scheduling What is Producer-Consumer Problem What is Semaphore in Operating System Monitors in Operating System What is Deadlock What is Paging and Segmentation What is Demand Paging What is Virtual Memory What is a Long term Scheduler What is Page Replacement in Operating System What is BSR Mode What is Convoy Effect What is Job Sequencing in Operating System Why is it critical for the Scheduler to distinguish between I/O-bound and CPU-bound programs Why is there a Need for an Operating System


Process Management Process State Scheduling Algorithm FCFS (First-come-First-Serve) Scheduling SJF (Shortest Job First) Scheduling Round-Robin CPU Scheduling Priority Based Scheduling HRRN (Highest Response Ratio Next) Scheduling Process Synchronization Lock Variable Mechanism TSL Mechanism Turn Variable Mechanism Interested Variable Mechanism Deadlock Avoidance Strategies for Handling Deadlock Deadlock Prevention Deadlock Detection and Recovery Resource Allocation Graph Banker’s Algorithm in Operating System Fixed Partitioning and Dynamic Partitioning Partitioning Algorithms Disk Scheduling Algorithms FCFS and SSTF Disk Scheduling Algorithm SCAN and C-SCAN Disk Scheduling Algorithm Look and C-Look Disk Scheduling Algorithm File in Operating System File Access Methods in Operating System File Allocation Method Directory Structure in Operating System N-Step-SCAN Disk Scheduling Feedback Queue in Operating System Contiguous Memory Allocation in Operating System Real-time Operating System Starvation in Operating System Thrashing in Operating System 5 Goals of Operating System Advantages of Operating System Advantages of UNIX Operating System Bit Vector in Operating System Booting Process in Operating System Can a Computer Run Without the Operating System Dining Philosophers Problem in Operating System Free Space Management in Operating System Inter Process Communication in Operating System Swapping in Operating System Memory Management in Operating System Multiprogramming Operating System Multitasking Operating Systems Multi-user Operating Systems Non-Contiguous Memory Allocation in Operating System Page Table in Operating System Process Scheduling in Operating System Segmentation in Operating System Simple Structure in Operating System Single-User Operating System Two Phase Locking Protocol Advantages and Disadvantages of Operating System Arithmetic operations in binary number system Assemblers in the operating system Bakery Algorithm in Operating System Benefits of Ubuntu Operating System CPU Scheduling Criteria in Operating System Critical Section in Operating System Device Management in Operating System Linux Scheduler in Operating System Long Term Scheduler in Operating System Mutex in Operating System Operating System Failure Peterson's Solution in Operating System Privileged and Non-Privileged Instructions in Operating System Swapping in Operating System Types of Operating System Zombie and Orphan Process in Operating System 62-bit operating system Advantages and Disadvantages of Batch Operating System Boot Block and Bad Block in Operating System Contiguous and Non - Contiguous Memory Allocation in Operating System Control and Distribution Systems in Operations Management Control Program in Operating System Convergent Technologies in Operating System Convoy Effect in Operating System Copy Operating Systems to SSD Core Components of Operating System Core of UNIX Operating System Correct Value to return to the Operating System Corrupted Operating System Cos is Smart Card Operating System Cosmos Operating Systems Examples Generation of Operating System Hardware Solution in Operating System Process Control Block in Operating System Function of Kernel in Operating System Operating System Layers History of Debian Operating Systems Branches and Architecture of Debian Operating Systems Features and Packages of Debian Operating Systems Installation of Operating System on a New PC Organizational Structure and Development in Debian Operating Systems User Interface in Operating System Types Of Memory in OS Operating System in Nokia Multilevel Paging in OS Memory Mapping Techniques in OS Memory Layout of a Process in Operating System Hardware Protection in Operating System Functions of File Management in Operating System Core of Linux Operating System Cache Replacement Policy in Operating System Cache Line and Cache Size in Operating System What is Memory Mapping? Difference Between Network Operating System And Distributed Operating System What is the difference between a Hard link and a Soft Link? Principles of Preemptive Scheduling Process Scheduling Algorithms What is NOS? What is the Interrupt I/O Process? What is Time Sharing OS What is process termination? What is Time-Sharing Operating System What is Batch File File system manipulation What is Message-passing Technique in OS Logical Clock in Distributed System

Advantages and Disadvantages of Batch Operating System

Batch operating systems have been around for many years and were among the earliest. These systems are designed to handle large volumes of data in batch mode, where a sequence of jobs is executed without user intervention. While batch operating systems have their advantages, they also have their disadvantages. This article will examine the advantages and disadvantages of batch operating systems.

Advantages of Batch Operating Systems

Increased Efficiency

Batch processing allows an operating system to perform tasks more efficiently. The jobs are grouped and executed in batches, which reduces the overhead of loading and unloading programs. This results in a faster execution time and allows the system to handle many jobs.


Batch processing saves time by reducing the time required to load and unload programs. Since the programs are already loaded in the memory, the system does not need to load them every time a new job is executed. This results in a faster execution time and more efficient use of system resources.

Resource Utilization

Batch processing can help utilize system resources more efficiently. When the system is idle, it can execute batch jobs, which would otherwise be unused. This results in more efficient use of resources and can help reduce the overall processing time.

Streamlined Workflow

Batch processing allows for a streamlined workflow, eliminating the need for manual intervention between jobs. The system can automatically execute the jobs in the batch without user input. This results in a more efficient workflow and can help reduce errors and delays.

Disadvantages of Batch Operating Systems

Limited User Interaction

Batch operating systems have limited user interaction since the jobs are executed in a predefined sequencewithout user intervention. This can be a disadvantage for tasks that require frequent user input or interaction.

Limited Flexibility

Batch processing is inflexible and cannot be modified once the batch is submitted. This can be a disadvantage if the job requires changes to be made during the execution. Any modifications would require the entire batch to be resubmitted, which can be time-consuming and inefficient.

Resource Allocation Issues

If the system resources are not allocated properly, the batch jobs can cause a bottleneck in the system, affecting other processes' performance. This can result in delays or even system crashes, which can be costly and time-consuming.

Long Processing Times

Batch processing may take a long time to complete, especially if the job is complex or requires large data processing. This can result in a delay in the delivery of the final output, which can be problematic for tasks that require real-time data processing or analysis.

Points to Remember

  1. Batch operating systems handle large volumes of data in batch mode.
  2. Jobs are executed in a predefined sequence without user intervention.
  3. Batch processing is efficient and can handle a large number of jobs.
  4. Batch processing saves time by reducing the time required to load and unload programs.
  5. Batch processing can help utilize system resources more efficiently.
  6. Batch processing allows for a streamlined workflow and can help reduce errors and delays.
  7. Batch operating systems have limited user interaction and are inflexible.
  8. Improper resource allocation can cause bottlenecks and affect the performance of other processes.
  9. Batch processing may take a long time, especially for complex jobs.
  10. The choice of an operating system depends on the user's specific needs and the task at hand.

Examples of Batch Operating Systems

There have been many examples of batch operating systems throughout the history of computing. Here are a few notable examples:

  • IBM OS/360: This was one of the earliest batch operating systems introduced by IBM in the 1960s. It was designed for mainframe computers and became widely used in large organizations.
  • UNIX: UNIX is primarily known for its interactive capabilities but also has batch processing features. Many versions of UNIX include a batch processing subsystem known as "cron" that allows users to schedule jobs to run at specific times.
  • VMS: The VMS operating system, developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), included a batch processing feature called "batch queues." This allowed users to submit batch jobs to be executed in the background.
  • MS-DOS: MS-DOS is primarily known as a command-line operating system but also has batch-processing capabilities. The "batch file" feature allowed users to create scripts that could execute a series of commands.
  • Job Control Language (JCL): JCL is a batch processing language developed for IBM mainframe computers. It allows users to specify the input and output files for a batch job and any required system resources.

These are just a few examples of batch operating systems, and many others have developed over the years. While batch processing is not as common today as it once was, it remains an important feature of many operating systems, especially for tasks that require minimal user interaction.


Batch operating systems have their advantages and disadvantages. While efficient and can handle large volumes of data, they could be more flexible and have more user interaction. The choice of an operating system depends on the specific requirements of the task at hand. Batch processing is suitable for repetitive tasks that require minimal user interaction, while interactive processing is better suited for tasksthat require frequent user intervention. Ultimately, the operating system's choice depends on the user's specific needs and the task at hand.