Top 10 Industries in India
In this article, you will learn about the best industries in India. The best ten massive industries in India are outlined in the following points:
- Tea Industry
The tea sector is tremendously significant in the Indian economy. It is indeed one of the oldest traditional industries in the nation. British colonists established tea plantations in India in the early nineteenth century. Assam’s first tea plantation was established in 1933. India shipped tea to England for the very first time in 1938.
- Jute Industry
The jute sector is one of India’s leading traditional industries. For the first time in Indian History, the jute market was established in 1885. Rishra, near Kolkata, saw the establishment of the very first power-driven jute mill.
Following that, many Jute mills sprung near Kolkata, immediately on both banks of the Hoogly River. This industry suffered a significant loss in 1930, i.e., during the Great Depression. However, this sector had indeed achieved its pinnacle by World War Two.
There are currently 73 Jute mills in India, with about 44,990 looms, of which only 70 are operational.
- Cement Industry
The Indian Cement Company Ltd. began organizing cement manufacture in 1914 at Porbandar, Gujarat. There are 124 big cement facilities and 300 micro cement plants in India.
These cement plants have a total production capacity of about 151.0 million tonnes. The national annual cement supply climbed from 2.7 million tonnes in 1950-51 to 14.3 million tonnes in 1970-71.
- Sugar Industry
There have been 386 industries functioning out of this total. The sugar sector employs around 3.25 lakh people while providing indirect employment to 25 million farmers. Total sugar output increased from 11.3 million tonnes in 1950-51 to 37.4 million tonnes in 1970-71, then to 120.47 million tonnes in 1990-91, 282.0 million tonnes in 2006-07, then to 245.5 million tonnes in 2013-14.
- Paper Industry
Another prominent business in the nation is the paper industry. This sector receives abundant raw materials from India’s vast forest resources. Since 1925, this sector has been operating under a protected tariff, earning a large profit regularly. It resulted in a quick advancement of this industry during the planned era.
The entire output of this paper sector expanded from 4 lakh tonnes in 1960-61 to well over 62 lakh tonnes in 2002-03. Likewise, overall paper and paper board capacity has increased from 1.16 lakh tonnes in 1950-51 through 7.55 lakh tonnes in 1970-71, 20.88 lakh tonnes in 1990-91, and 41.30 lakh tonnes in 2011-12.
- Engineering Industry
The engineering sector is one of the country’s most recently created industries. Since Second Plan, a significant level of funds has been directed toward the industrial sector. As a result, significant investment was undertaken in the heavy and capital goods sectors. The expansion of the engineering sector was required to reinforce the foundation of these industries.
As a result, the engineering sector in the nation has been progressively developing since the Second Plan. Machine tools worth Rs 3 million were manufactured in 1950-51, along with other items like vehicles, diesel engines, tractors, bicycles, motorbikes, and so on, accounting for almost 7.5% of total industrial production.
- Food Processing Industry
Another recently created business in the nation is food processing. This food processing sector did not receive much attention during its early stages of growth. Following the liberalization of the food sector under the New Industrial Policy of 1991, this business could lure people into investing in it a little further for its expansion.
At the moment, the capacity factor of the fruit and vegetable processing sector is continuously rising. Apart from fried & sun-dried fruits and vegetables, manufacturing capacity increased by 7.08 lakh tonnes in January 1990 to 14.02 lakh tonnes in January 1995 and 20.80 lakh tonnes in January 1999.
- Information Technology and Electronics Industry
Across all industries, the Information Technology and Electronics industry appears to be the youngest industry in the country. This industry is sometimes referred to as the “Information Technology” industry. India is presently playing a significant role in the global expansion and improvement of the information technology sector. Based on knowledge, India led the globe in the first millennium. History repeats itself now.
- Software Industry
The software business has developed as one of the fastest-growing areas in the economy, with significant growth potential. The country’s proficiency in software is highly recognized, owing to its significant technical personnel capabilities.
In the previous five years, the software sector has grown at a compound annual growth rate of more than 50%, with an anticipated turnover of US $ 6 billion and exports worth US $ 4.0 billion in 1999-2000. The govt set a target of $50 billion in exports for the Indian software sector by 2008, and it achieved $46.3 billion in exports in 2008-09.
- Automobile Industry
The automobile sector had a significant expansion, particularly during the post-liberalization period. Initially, India had a small number of vehicle manufacturing units. However, with the arrival of new companies, including multinationals, into the car sector and state-of-the-art technology, a massive development of the automobile industry has occurred in the country during the post-liberalization phase.