What is a Framework?
A framework is a structure that can be used to build, create or develop more software. It acts as a helper for the development in any field, whether it is web development or app development etc. This is why it is also called web application framework or simply “web framework”.
If we want to build any software, we have two options: either we write all the code from scratch, or we use a relevant framework to develop the software.
Frameworks have their own code with many libraries and inbuilt functions. Frameworks help the developer to write many lines of code in a few lines.
Note: There is a difference between a library and a framework. When we use any function of any library, our code calls that function which is defined in that particular library. In contrast, when we use any function of the framework, our framework software calls the particular function written in that framework. If we talk about web development, we have two parts of development: the first one is the frontend, and the other is the backend.
Here, we will discuss the top 10 frameworks for web developments:
ReactJS is the most popular framework in web development. It is used in frontend development, and it is so beginner friendly that every new developer can understand this framework. It was developed by Facebook, which is nowadays known as Meta. It has a lot of features like react-router-dom, react-context-api, react-hooks etc., which makes it a very efficient framework.
Vue.js is also a front-end framework generally used to create front-end web pages and user interfaces of websites. It is very easy to learn and has a progressive framework. It is lightweight as compared to other frameworks, and it is based on MVVM architecture (Model-View-ViewModel). It can easily work with third-party apps. It is not so popular in the industry because top tech giants don’t use it.
ASP.Net framework is generally used to create desktop apps and also apps for mobile devices. The language used for development is C# (C-sharp). The reason for using this framework is that it is a light weighted, highly responsive framework. Many websites like TacoBell, Stackoverflow etc., are using this framework.
This framework is used in backend development. This framework is based upon MVC (Model-View-Controller) architecture. It supports PHP language to develop backend apps. It is quite easy to learn, and it has very simple code. It doesn’t support Payment Gateways.
Play is also one of the modern frameworks used in web development. The language used by this framework is Java and Scala. It shows the error on the browser, and it is a very fast framework in terms of processing. It is also based on MVC architecture.
Spring is the most popular framework in java. It is used to create high-performance web apps with simpler code. The language used in spring is Java.