Operating System Tutorial

Operating System Tutorial Types of Operating System Evolution of Operating System Functions of Operating System Operating System Properties Operating System Services Components of Operating System Needs of the Operating System

Operating Systems

Linux Operating System Unix Operating System Ubuntu Operating System Chrome Operating Systems Fedora Operating System MAC Operating System MS Windows Operating System Solaris Operating System Cooperative Operating System CorelDRAW Operating System CentOS FreeBSD Operating Systems Batch Operating System MS-DOS Operating System Commercial Mobile Operating Systems


Difference Between Multi-programming and Multitasking Difference between C-LOOK and C-SCAN Difference between Rotational Latency and Disk Assess Time Trap vs Interrupt Difference between C-SCAN and SSTF Difference between SCAN and FCFS Difference between Seek Time and Disk Access Time Difference between SSTF and LOOK Difference between Process and Program in the Operating System Difference between Protection and Security in Operating System

How To

How to implement Monitors using Semaphores How to Install a Different Operating System on a PC


What is Kernel and Types of Kernel What is DOS Operating System What is Thread and Types of Thread What is Process Scheduler and Process Queue What is Context Switching What is CPU Scheduling What is Producer-Consumer Problem What is Semaphore in Operating System Monitors in Operating System What is Deadlock What is Paging and Segmentation What is Demand Paging What is Virtual Memory What is a Long term Scheduler What is Page Replacement in Operating System What is BSR Mode What is Convoy Effect What is Job Sequencing in Operating System Why is it critical for the Scheduler to distinguish between I/O-bound and CPU-bound programs Why is there a Need for an Operating System


Process Management Process State Scheduling Algorithm FCFS (First-come-First-Serve) Scheduling SJF (Shortest Job First) Scheduling Round-Robin CPU Scheduling Priority Based Scheduling HRRN (Highest Response Ratio Next) Scheduling Process Synchronization Lock Variable Mechanism TSL Mechanism Turn Variable Mechanism Interested Variable Mechanism Deadlock Avoidance Strategies for Handling Deadlock Deadlock Prevention Deadlock Detection and Recovery Resource Allocation Graph Banker’s Algorithm in Operating System Fixed Partitioning and Dynamic Partitioning Partitioning Algorithms Disk Scheduling Algorithms FCFS and SSTF Disk Scheduling Algorithm SCAN and C-SCAN Disk Scheduling Algorithm Look and C-Look Disk Scheduling Algorithm File in Operating System File Access Methods in Operating System File Allocation Method Directory Structure in Operating System N-Step-SCAN Disk Scheduling Feedback Queue in Operating System Contiguous Memory Allocation in Operating System Real-time Operating System Starvation in Operating System Thrashing in Operating System 5 Goals of Operating System Advantages of Operating System Advantages of UNIX Operating System Bit Vector in Operating System Booting Process in Operating System Can a Computer Run Without the Operating System Dining Philosophers Problem in Operating System Free Space Management in Operating System Inter Process Communication in Operating System Swapping in Operating System Memory Management in Operating System Multiprogramming Operating System Multitasking Operating Systems Multi-user Operating Systems Non-Contiguous Memory Allocation in Operating System Page Table in Operating System Process Scheduling in Operating System Segmentation in Operating System Simple Structure in Operating System Single-User Operating System Two Phase Locking Protocol Advantages and Disadvantages of Operating System Arithmetic operations in binary number system Assemblers in the operating system Bakery Algorithm in Operating System Benefits of Ubuntu Operating System CPU Scheduling Criteria in Operating System Critical Section in Operating System Device Management in Operating System Linux Scheduler in Operating System Long Term Scheduler in Operating System Mutex in Operating System Operating System Failure Peterson's Solution in Operating System Privileged and Non-Privileged Instructions in Operating System Swapping in Operating System Types of Operating System Zombie and Orphan Process in Operating System 62-bit operating system Advantages and Disadvantages of Batch Operating System Boot Block and Bad Block in Operating System Contiguous and Non - Contiguous Memory Allocation in Operating System Control and Distribution Systems in Operations Management Control Program in Operating System Convergent Technologies in Operating System Convoy Effect in Operating System Copy Operating Systems to SSD Core Components of Operating System Core of UNIX Operating System Correct Value to return to the Operating System Corrupted Operating System Cos is Smart Card Operating System Cosmos Operating Systems Examples Generation of Operating System Hardware Solution in Operating System Process Control Block in Operating System Function of Kernel in Operating System Operating System Layers History of Debian Operating Systems Branches and Architecture of Debian Operating Systems Features and Packages of Debian Operating Systems Installation of Operating System on a New PC Organizational Structure and Development in Debian Operating Systems User Interface in Operating System Types Of Memory in OS Operating System in Nokia Multilevel Paging in OS Memory Mapping Techniques in OS Memory Layout of a Process in Operating System Hardware Protection in Operating System Functions of File Management in Operating System Core of Linux Operating System Cache Replacement Policy in Operating System Cache Line and Cache Size in Operating System What is Memory Mapping? Difference Between Network Operating System And Distributed Operating System What is the difference between a Hard link and a Soft Link? Principles of Preemptive Scheduling Process Scheduling Algorithms What is NOS? What is the Interrupt I/O Process? What is Time Sharing OS What is process termination? What is Time-Sharing Operating System

Ubuntu Operating System

Ubuntu Operating System

Ubuntu is an open-source and a Linux based operating system. Ubuntu is developed for the Network Servers, Computers, and Smartphones. The Ubuntu operating system was developed by Canonical Ltd, which is a UK based company. The principles which were applied to design the Ubuntu software are based on open-source software development.

Features of Ubuntu Operating System

There are various features of the Ubuntu operating system:

  1. In the Ubuntu operating system, we can easily find content by using the smart searching facility.
  2. Ubuntu operating system is a free operating system.
  3. Ubuntu operating system supports the office suite known as LibreOffice.
  4. In the Ubuntu operating system, there is in-built email software which is known as Thunderbird. This email software provides you the access to email like Gmail, Exchange, Hotmail, Gmail, etc.
  5. In the Ubuntu operating system, free application hosts are available so that users can view and edit the photos.
  6. In the Ubuntu operating system, the desktop version supports all the standard software on Windows like VLC, Firefox, Chrome, etc.


There are various features of Ubuntu:

  1. Ubuntu Desktop
  2. Ubuntu Server
  3. Kubuntu
  4. Linux Mint
  1. Ubuntu Desktop: - The Ubuntu desktop operating system is developed for regular users. In the Ubuntu operating system, there is pre-built software that helps users to perform various usual basic activities. There are various operations such as multimedia, email, and browsing that are present in the Ubuntu desktop operating system.
  2. Ubuntu Server: - The Ubuntu server operating system is mainly used for hosting applications like databases and web servers. This operating system also supports various cloud platforms like Azure and AWS.
  3.  Kubuntu: - The interface of the normal Ubuntu operating system is based on the Unity software. But the Kubuntu interface is based on the KDE Plasma desktop. The KDE Plasma desktop provides a look and feel to Ubuntu. The software availability and the Kubuntu operating system’s features are the same as the Ubuntu operating system.
  4. Linux Mint: - The Linux Mint operating system is also based on the Ubuntu operating System. The Linux Mint operating system comes with various pre-built applications for multimedia and photos. The Linux Mint operating system is entirely based on the open-source community.

Advantages of the Ubuntu Operating System

There are various advantages of the Ubuntu Operating system:

  1. Ubuntu is Free: - There is no cost required to use the Ubuntu operating system because it is free.
  2. Ubuntu can be Easily Customized: - Another advantage of the Ubuntu operating system is Ubuntu is more customizable among all the other Operating systems. In the Ubuntu operating system, we can easily customize each aspect of the user interface (UI).  
  3. Virtual Desktops: - In the Ubuntu operating system, there are various desktops, the same as a smartphone screen. If we want to work on the different software, then in the Ubuntu operating system, we can easily switch between the various screens.
  4. Better Option for Development: - The Ubuntu operating system is more suitable for program or code (Development). In the Ubuntu operating system, there are various default options which help the users to write a code in an efficient manner. In these text editors, office suites are already comprised. This means if we want to start coding, there is no need to install a separate compiler on the operating system.
  5. Ubuntu is more Secure: - The Ubuntu operating system is more secured among all the Operating systems. And there is no need to spend extra money to protect the system.
  6. Free Apps: - The Ubuntu operating system offers you various free apps for enjoyment and refreshments.

The free apps provided by the Ubuntu operating system are:

  • Telegram: - Telegram is an app which is a type of mobile synchronized desktop app, and it is used for secure and quick messaging.
  • PyCharm: - Another free app provided by the Ubuntu operating system is PyCharm. PyCharm is an IDE for programming, which comprises of essential tools for the Python coding.
  • Atom: - Atom is a text editor. It is used for document handling.
  • Slack: - Slack is software used for collaboration and teamwork.
  • Firefox: - Firefox is a browser, and it is 30% lighter than the Chrome browser.
  • Skype: - Skype is used for video calls, voice calls, and messaging.