WebDriver-Name Locator:

WebDriver-Name Locator:

The name locator is used to identify any element in UI with the help of the name backend attribute.

The Syntax of the name attribute is as below:

driver.findElement(By.name(“value of the name attribute”));  

Let us see one sample test case in which we will try to locate the web element using the name locators:

Steps Actions Input Expected Result
1. Open the Google Chrome browser.   The Google Chrome browser should be opened.
2. Navigate to the Google home page. www.google.com The Google home page must be displayed.
3. Identify the search text box and pass the value. Tutorialandexample The value should be entered in the search text box.
4. Click on the Google search button.   The Google search button should be clicked.
5. Close the Browser.   The Browser should be closed.
  • Firstly, we have to launch the Eclipse and open the existing test suite new_test, which we have created in earlier sessions of the WebDriver tutorial.
  • Then right-click on the src folder and create a new Class File from New ? Class.
Then right-click on the src folder
  • And give your Class name as name_locator and click on the Finish button.
give your Class name as name_locator

 We are creating our test case step by step to give you a complete understanding of how to use the name locators to identify a particular web element.

Step1:

  • To access the Google Chrome browser. First, we need to download the Google Chrome driver and set the system property for the Chrome driver.
  • We have already discussed this in previous sessions of the tutorial.
  • And you can also refer given link "Working with Chrome browser” for a better understanding of how we download it and set System property for Chrome driver.
// set the system property for chrome browser
System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "C:\\Users\\JTP\\Downloads\\chromedriver_win32\\chromedriver.exe");
//create the object for chrome driver
WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();   

Step2:

After that, we will navigate to the given URL.

Here the sample code,

//navigate to the URL
driver.get("https://www.google.com"); 

Step3:

Now we are trying to locate the Google search text box by using the value of its name attribute.

  • Right-click on the Google search text box and select the Inspect Element tab.
Google search text box
  •  The developer tool window will be launched with all the specific codes used in the development of the Google search text box.
developer tool window will be launched
  • Copy the value of its name attribute, i.e., “q.” 

Here the sample code:

//Identify the search text box and pass the value.
 driver.findElement(By.name("q")).sendKeys("tutorialsandexample");
  Thread.sleep(2000);
 System.out.println("user name entered successfully"); 

Step4:

  • Right-click on the Google search button, and select the Inspect Element tab.
Google search button
  • The developer tool window will be launched with all the specific codes used in the development of the Google search button.
 specific codes used in the development of the Google search button
  • Then, copy the value of its name attribute, i.e., “btnK.”

Here the sample code:

// Click on the Google Search button.
  driver.findElement(By.name("btnK")).click();
 Thread.sleep(2000);
 System.out.println("button is clicked");  

Step5:

In the last step of our sample test case, we are closing the browser.

Here the sample code for closing the browser,

//Close the browser
 driver.close();   

Our final test script will look like this:

package testpackage; 
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit; 
import org.openqa.selenium.By; 
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver; 
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver; 
public class name_locator { 
public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException { 
//set the system property  
System.
setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver","C:\\Users\\JTP\\Downloads\\chromedriver_win32\\chromedriver.exe"); //creating the object for chrome driver  WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver(); //Navigate to google home page.  driver.get("https://www.google.com"); // identify the search text box and pass the value.
driver.findElement(By.
name("q")).sendKeys("tutorialsandexample"); 
Thread.sleep(2000);
System.out.println("value entered successfully ");
// Click on the google search button.
driver.findElement(By.name("btnK")).click();
Thread.sleep(2000);
System.out.println(" button is clicked");  
//Close the browserdriver.close();
}
} 
  • To run the code in Eclipse, we have to right-click on the code and then select Run As ? Java Application.
we have to right-click on the code and then  select Run As
  • The above test script will launch the Google Chrome browser and automate all the test scenarios. 
Google Chrome browser and automate



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