Computer Network Tutorial

Introduction of Computer Network Types of Computer Network Network Topology Computer Networking Architecture Transmission Modes (Data Flow) Basic Networking Devices Integrate Services Digital Network (ISDN)


OSI Model TCP/IP Model

Physical Layer

Digital Transmission Analog Transmission Transmission Media Switching

Data Link Layer

Error detection and Error correction Data Link Control Multiple Access Aloha

Network Layer

Network Layer - Logical Address Address Mapping Unicast Routing Protocol

Transport Layer

Process to Process Delivery User Datagram Protocol Transmission Control Protocol Stream Control Transmission Protocol Session Layer and Presentation Layer

Application Layer

Domain Name System Application Protocol E-mail Cryptography

Internet Protocol

Ipv4 vs Ipv6 Supernetting in Network Layer TCP Ports TCP vs UDP TCP TCP Congestion


Differences between IPv4 and IPv6 Difference between Active and Passive FTP Difference between Transport and Network Layer Difference between Star Topology and Bus Topology Difference between BOOTP and RARP Difference Between Network Topologies and Network Protocols Difference between NFC and RFID Difference Between Point-to-Point Link and star Topology Network Differences Between MSS and MTU Differences Between Trunk Port and Access Port Different Modes of Communication in Computer Networks Difference Between Analog and Digital Signals Difference Between Hub and Repeater Difference between Repeater and Switch Difference Between Transparent Bridge and Source Routing Bridge Difference between Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) and Routing Information Protocol (RIP) Difference between GUI Testing and Usability Testing Difference between Sanity Testing and Smoke Testing Differences between Distance Vector and Link State Routing Difference Between Intranet and VPN Difference between VLAN and VSAN


APIPA What is Computer Network What is Framing in a Computer Network What is Bus Topology What is Network Topology and Types in Computer Networks What is a Proxy Server What is APPN What is ICMP Protocol What is Point-to-Point Protocol What is Port Address in Networking What is the HDLC Protocol What is VRRP Protocol What is Wired and Wireless Networking What is a Hardware Firewall What is PAN What is Unit Testing? Why developers should learn Unit Testing What is Data Encapsulation and Data Decapsulation in Networking What is Macro Virus and how they affect Computer Systems What is VLAN What is VSAN What is WSN Network What is Cidr in AWS What are Elementary Data Link Layer Protocols What is An Ad Hoc Network What is The Ieee 802 What is Tunneling in Computer Networks What is Twisted Pair Cable What is a Computer Network What is an ISP


Classes of Routing Protocols Classification of Routing Algorithms Controlled Access Protocols in Computer Networks Fixed and Flooding Routing Algorithms Advantages and Disadvantages of Fibre Optics Cable Fiber Optics and its Types Method of Joining and Fusion of Fiber Optic Cable Define Framing in Computer Network Disadvantages of Computer Network Mesh Topology Diagram in Computer Network Ring Topology in Computer Network Star Topology in Computer Networks 4G Mobile Communication Technology Advantages and Disadvantages of LAN Advantages and Disadvantages of MAN Advantages and Disadvantages of WAN Application Layer in OSI Model Cyclic Redundancy Check Example Data link layer in OSI model Hamming Code Example Network Layer in OSI Model Session Layer in OSI Model Transport Layer in OSI Model Two Port Network in Computer Networks Uses of Computer Networks Advantages and Disadvantages of Bus Topology Subnetting in Computer Network Subnetting Questions and Answers Access Control in Networking Basic Characteristics of Computer Network Benefits of SOCKS5 Proxy in Computer Networks Computer Network viva Questions MIME Protocol in Computer Networks Modes of Communication in Computer Networks Network Attack in Computer Network Port Address in Networking Simplest Protocol in Computer Network Sliding Window Protocol in Computer Network Stop And Wait Protocol in Computer Networks TCP 3-Way Handshake Process in Computer Networks Source Routing Bridge in Computer Networks Transparent Bridge in Computer Networks Transport Protocol in Computer Networks Types of CSMA in Computer Networks Bit Stuffing and Bit De-Stuffing Firewall Methodologies Go Back ARQ in Computer Network Zone Based Firewall Advantages and Disadvantages of Mesh Topology Advantages and Disadvantages of Ethernet Advantages and Disadvantages of Ring Topology Advantages and Disadvantages of the Star Topology Checksum in Networking Delays in Computer Network Functions of Data Link Layer in the OSI Model Go-Back-N ARQ Protocol Guided Transmission Media in Computer Networks IGRP Routing Protocol in Computer Networks Modes Of Bluetooth Connection Protocols of a Network Layer Single Program Multiple Data Data Transfer Instructions with Examples Levels of Cache Memory Logical Addressing in Computer Network Multiple Access Protocols in Computer Network Advantages of Unguided Media Back Side Bus in Computer Network Router and Brouter in Computer Network 2 Dimension Parity Check in Computer Network Data Link Layer Services Provided to the Network Layer Functions Of the Transport Layer Computer Network Security Requirements Transmission Impairments in Computer Networks Types of Modems Microwave Transmission in Computer Networks Brust Errors In Computer Network Digital Signal in Computer Network Network Security Requirements Router in Computer Network Check Sum Error Detection Checksum Example Infrared Transmission in Computer Networks Linear Bus Topology Magnetic Media in Computer Network Digital Data Transmission in Computer Networks Advantages and Disadvantages of Routers Advantages of Installing a Network Application Layer in Computer Networks Application Layer Protocols in Computer Networks Application of Data Communication Network Central Device in Star Topology Multiple Access Techniques in Wireless Communication Parallel Port in Computer Resource Sharing in Computer Networks Static Routing Algorithms in Computer Network TDMA Technology Advantages and Disadvantages of Networking ATM Network Authentication in Computer Network Automatic Repeat Request Arq Characteristics of Digital Signals Cim Data Transmission Methods Components of Data Communication in Computer Network Disadvantages of Tree Topology DVRMP in Computer Network Mac Layer Functions and Protocol Pros and Cons of Extranet Protocol and its Types Resource Sharing in Computer Network Simplex Data Transmission in Computer Network Top 10 Benefits of Computer Networking Types of Computer Buses Unguided Media

Decoding in Communication Process

The use of codes is necessary for all forms of communication. The sender, transmitter, and receiver are the three major components of more conventional communication paradigms. The sender is in charge of "encoding" and transmitting their message via a transmitter. It is the receiver's obligation to "decode" the encoded information once it has passed through the transmitter and provide feedback in response. The addressee is not passive when the message is received, but decoding entails more than just understanding the message's content. Each audience member builds a cognitive framework of codes over time that will help them recall the denotative meaning and speculate on potential connotative interpretations for each signifier. The true meaning of each communication is reliant on the context, however, and must be read in accordance with the syntactic, semantic, and social rules in order to be given the most fitting interpretation. Keep reading to learn more about this topic.

What is Decoding in Communication?

The communication process has been seen to be ongoing. Since one encrypts the message while the other decrypts it, there is no conclusion to it. Decoding implies transforming code into plain text or another format that can be used for additional operations. The opposite of encoding is decoding. It restores files and encrypted data transfer transmissions to their initial states. To successfully decode a message, for instance, one must carefully read and listen to it. Decoding is the process of interpreting a message that has been encoded by a source using the decoder's own perspective and background. Therefore, the message is concise and obvious. The receiver will thereafter have no trouble understanding the encoded message. He can then quickly and simply decipher his communication to its original source. As a result, communication will take place in an understandable manner, and when the message is sent, the recipient will be able to comprehend it simply and clearly. Then, after using all of his fine senses, the recipient will be able to trace the message back to its source. The message must be precise, meaningful, and well-written in order to avoid confusion among listeners, readers, and viewers about its meaning and aim.

Problems in Decoding

Since, both the sender and the recipient are there during real-time or face-to-face communication, resolving any misunderstandings will be a straightforward process. When communication does not take place in real-time, as with email, a problem results. In this scenario, it will take some time before the sender recognises that the message was either improperly received or misunderstood. In either situation, the process of clearing up the misunderstanding will be drawn out and tiresome, and it might even cost money. Therefore, it is obvious that correctly decoding the message is essential. The sender's responsibility in this is crucial because it is up to them to make sure the message is as clear as possible. However, the message's recipient must also make sure he interprets it carefully. The main problems are as follows:

  1. A barrier to correctly reading a communication is the receiver's attitude, which is also the most important and challenging to pinpoint. The recipient may have biases or preconceived notions about the sender or the message's subject. In both cases, the recipient's attitude will prevent the message from being understood correctly. The recipient can also not pay attention if they are not interested in the message's topic.
  2. The listener will experience dissonance if the message's content conflicts with his or her emotions. As a result, the message may be misinterpreted since the receiver's emotions may influence how he interprets the message. Messages that could elicit strong feelings should be handled carefully and delivered personally if at all feasible so that any misunderstandings can be rectified right away.
  3. The recipient may not want to make an extra effort to try to understand the message if he is unfamiliar with the topic being discussed. In this situation, his ignorance might prevent him from fully understanding the message's significance. Conversely, the likelihood of misinterpretation is significant if the recipient lacks basic communication abilities, such as language competency.
  4. Distractions in the receiver's physical environment might also make it challenging to fully comprehend the message. A communication system failure, excessive noise, or even an extreme temperature are examples of these distractions. Any physical distractions in the area should be avoided or minimised.

Difference between Encoding and Decoding

Encoding is the process of creating a message that you want to send to another person. Decoding, on the other hand, refers to the receiver or audience of an encoded communication. Decoding, therefore, entails determining the message's intent. For instance, a breakfast cereal manufacturer would want to persuade you to purchase its goods. You will see or hear an advertisement made just for the purpose on television, the radio, or other social media. You'll be able to decipher and comprehend the message that was just said.