Computer Network Tutorial

Introduction of Computer Network Types of Computer Network Network Topology Computer Networking Architecture Transmission Modes (Data Flow) Basic Networking Devices Integrate Services Digital Network (ISDN)


OSI Model TCP/IP Model

Physical Layer

Digital Transmission Analog Transmission Transmission Media Switching

Data Link Layer

Error detection and Error correction Data Link Control Multiple Access Aloha

Network Layer

Network Layer - Logical Address Address Mapping Unicast Routing Protocol

Transport Layer

Process to Process Delivery User Datagram Protocol Transmission Control Protocol Stream Control Transmission Protocol Session Layer and Presentation Layer

Application Layer

Domain Name System Application Protocol E-mail Cryptography


Classes of Routing Protocols Classification of Routing Algorithms Controlled Access Protocols in Computer Networks Differences between IPv4 and IPv6 Fixed and Flooding Routing Algorithms Advantages and Disadvantages of Fibre Optics Cable APIPA Difference between Active and Passive FTP Fiber Optics and its Types Method of Joining and Fusion of Fiber Optic Cable Define Framing in Computer Network Disadvantages of Computer Network Mesh Topology Diagram in Computer Network Ring Topology in Computer Network Star Topology in Computer Networks 4G Mobile Communication Technology Advantages and Disadvantages of LAN Advantages and Disadvantages of MAN Advantages and Disadvantages of WAN Application Layer in OSI Model Cyclic Redundancy Check Example Data link layer in OSI model Difference between Transport and Network Layer Hamming Code Example Network Layer in OSI Model Session Layer in OSI Model Transport Layer in OSI Model Two Port Network in Computer Networks Uses of Computer Networks What is Computer Network What is Framing in a Computer Network Advantages and Disadvantages of Bus Topology Difference between Star Topology and Bus Topology Subnetting in Computer Network Subnetting Questions and Answers What is Bus Topology What is Network Topology and Types in Computer Networks Access Control in Networking Basic Characteristics of Computer Network Benefits of SOCKS5 Proxy in Computer Networks Computer Network viva Questions Difference between BOOTP and RARP Difference Between Network Topologies and Network Protocols Difference between NFC and RFID Difference Between Point-to-Point Link and star Topology Network Differences Between MSS and MTU Differences Between Trunk Port and Access Port Different Modes of Communication in Computer Networks MIME Protocol in Computer Networks Modes of Communication in Computer Networks Network Attack in Computer Network Port Address in Networking Simplest Protocol in Computer Network Sliding Window Protocol in Computer Network Stop And Wait Protocol in Computer Networks TCP 3-Way Handshake Process in Computer Networks What is a Proxy Server What is APPN What is ICMP Protocol What is Point-to-Point Protocol What is Port Address in Networking What is the HDLC Protocol What is VRRP Protocol Difference Between Analog and Digital Signals Difference Between Hub and Repeater Difference between Repeater and Switch Difference Between Transparent Bridge and Source Routing Bridge Source Routing Bridge in Computer Networks Transparent Bridge in Computer Networks Transport Protocol in Computer Networks Types of CSMA in Computer Networks What is Wired and Wireless Networking Network Security in Computer Network Disadvantages of Extranet Difference Between TELNET and FTP Define Protocol in Computer Networks Guided Transmission Media in Computer Network What is a Gateway in a Computer Network IGMP in Computer Networks LAN Protocols in Computer Networks MAN Meaning in Computer Modulation Techniques in Computer Networks Switching in DCN TCP/IP Applications What is IGMP? What is Modem in Networking What is Non-Persistent CSMA Difference between Cell Splitting and Cell Sectoring Forouzen Computer Network Open Loop and Closed Loop Congestion Control Types of Cluster Computing WAP-Wireless Access Point What are the elements of the Transport Protocol Difference between Gateway and Switch Flow Control in Data Link Layer Body Area Network Flooding in Computer Network Token Ring in Computer Networks VoIP in Computer Networks What is Infrared Transmission Congestion Control Techniques Forward Error Correction (FEC) Switching Techniques What is Telnet in Computer Network What are the Types of IPv4 Addresses IEEE 802.6 (DQDB) IEEE 802.15.4 Technology What is HDLC (High-level Data Link Control)? What is SMS Hubbing in Telecom? Circuit Switching in Computer Networks Communication Satellites in Computer Networks Features of HTTP Protocol IMAP4 (Internet Message Access Protocol) Internet Services How to Set up a Wireless Router Internetwork Routing in Computer Networks Distributed Computing System Features of GSM The 802.11 MAC Sublayer Protocol What is IEEE 802.3? What are Hubs and Switches in Computer Networks? What is Modem in a Computer Network? What is multicasting in Computer Networks? GSM -The Mobile Station What is Network Server? Slotted Aloha in Computer Network What is Ethernet in Computer Networks What is Arpanet? Radio Access Network (RAN) TCP 3-Way Handshake Process PING SWEEP (ICMP SWEEP) Print Server Private IP Address Security Services in Computer Networks Protocol Data Unit (PDU) CSMA with Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA) What is Gateway in Computer Network? Advantages of Networking Data Link Layer Design Issues DHCP in Computer Networks Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP) What is Switch Hub? Telnet Full form in Networking Multimedia Systems Quality of Service in Computer Networks What is Carrier Sense Multiple Access (CSMA)? What is Circuit Switching What is Duplex Network? What is Web Protocol Network LAN Technologies Classes in Computer Network Low-Density Parity Check (LDPC) Wireless Internet Service Providers(Wisps) What is Handshaking? Cache Server What Is WSN Network? Check Sum Error Detection Linear Bus Topology Functions of the Transport Layer Infrared Transmission in Computer Networks Digital Signal in Computer Network Digital Data Transmission in Computer Networks Define Checksum with Example Computer Network Security Requirements Brust Errors in Computer Network Back Side Bus (BSB) 2-Dimension Parity Check in Computer Network Router and Brouter Microwave Transmission in Computer Networks Magnetic Media in Computer Network A One-Bit Sliding Window Protocol CDMA-Near-Far Problem Reference Models in Computer Networks Uni-cast, Broadcast, and Multicast in Computer Networks Uses Of Bridges in Computer Networks What are Gateways in Computer Network?

Mesh Topology Diagram in Computer Network

Topology in simple terms can be defined asthe arrangement of a computer network, which is further divided into logical and physical arrangements. Logical arrangement refers to how the data flow inside the computer whereas, for physical arrangement, it refers to the connection made on the network.

Mesh topology is a type of network topology where all the devices are interconnected in the network. It is a type of network topology which has multiple ways to travel the information to the connected nodes. This topology network is commonly used for wireless connections. Further, this topology consists of two techniques which are known as 'flooding' and 'routing', where messages or information are being sent by hopping from one node to the other until it reaches its final destination.

Mesh topology can include hundreds of wireless mesh nodes. It is the best example of a wireless network which are used these days, and the best example that we can give of this network is the internet itself.

Wireless Mesh Network (WMN) is a mesh network, which comprises various nodes that are wireless. The nodes of this network help in transferring various data.

The structure is easy and simple to understand. WMN helps in connecting people who are staying or working in remote areas. Further, this network works better with other types of networks as it is very flexible.

Also, wireless mesh networks are more stable as compared to other topologies. This network works with the help of mesh nodes, mesh clients, and gateways.

  • Mesh nodes refer the radio system,
  • Mesh clients refer to all the wireless connections,
  • Gateways refer to the infrastructure where various wireless nodes are connected.

WMN network consists of nodes that are not required to be cabled for the information to transmit.

Diagram of Mesh Topology

Below is the diagram showing how various computer and network devices are connected with each other.

Mesh Topology Diagram

The connections which are being shown in the above diagram make sure that the connections between the computers cannot be broken or disconnected. And also that the nodes which are being created help in transmitting the data in the network in a proper and appropriate way.

Types of Mesh Topology

There are two types of mesh topology and they are:

1. Full Mesh Topology:

In this topology, all nodes are connected with each other directly. Full mesh topology is considered to be the best topology as it provides multiple ways in order to succeed at the particular destination. Further, it provides high security and a single failure does not disrupt the entire process. Also, this topology has direct links with all pairs of nodes. And so, it works well in small network connections, but when the connection devices increase network issues arise.

Full mesh topology is often used for server connectivity. But above all this, the disadvantages of full-mesh topology are that its cable is expensive and further that it is not easy to troubleshoot. In a full mesh network devices are interconnected with each other.

Mesh Topology Diagram

2. Partial Mesh Topology:

This topology is the same as full mesh topology, but the only difference is that in this topology all the nodes are not connected with each other. This topology minimizes the hops. Further, it creates better management of the datasets. It is used commonly in peripheral networks. It is less complex as compared to the full-mesh topology. However, the setup of this partial mesh topology is tough.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Mesh Topology

There are several benefits or advantages of mesh topology and they are:

  • Messages in mesh topology are received on a quick node if the route is short.
  • Nodes can be added easily without any interruption.
  • It is easily replaceable if attacked.
  • It has better security.
  • Mesh networks have a great range which means that signals can transmit to great distances.
  • It is more stable.
  • It can easily manage high-level traffic.
  • It is more reliable.
  • Its data load can be carried by itself only.
  • Troubleshooting is easy in this topology.

The various disadvantages are:

  • Its structure is complex.
  • It is expensive compared to others.
  • Its power consumption is more.
  • It requires a lot of maintenance because of many connections.
  • In this topology, the installation process is extremely difficult.
  • More cable work is required as compared to other topologies.

Application of Mesh Topology

  • Mesh topology network can and is being used both in small as well as large organizations. It is used in homes, industries, and also for public service communication.
  • Mesh Topology is often used by military organizations in order to stop or avoid communication breakdowns.
  • Mesh topology is being used in cities in a rapid manner, where street lighting, traffic lights, etc are being controlled wirelessly.
  • Also, emergency services such as hospitals, police services, fire services, etc use mesh topology so that they can be easily in touch with each other.
  • Overall, the best example which can be given about mesh topology is the internet, which is being used in our daily life, where various pieces of information are being shared worldwide.


In a mesh network topology, each device on the network is connected to multiple other devices, forming a mesh-like structure. It is more systematic in terms of network resources. Mesh networks are often used in situations where reliable communication is important. This network offers several benefits, including increased reliability, flexibility, etc. It is more complex for networks to set up and manage other types of networks. Also, the increased number of connections in a mesh network can result in higher overhead and slower communication speeds