Computer Network Tutorial

Introduction of Computer Network Types of Computer Network Network Topology Computer Networking Architecture Transmission Modes (Data Flow) Basic Networking Devices Integrate Services Digital Network (ISDN)

Model

OSI Model TCP/IP Model

Physical Layer

Digital Transmission Analog Transmission Transmission Media Switching

Data Link Layer

Error detection and Error correction Data Link Control Multiple Access Aloha

Network Layer

Network Layer - Logical Address Address Mapping Unicast Routing Protocol

Transport Layer

Process to Process Delivery User Datagram Protocol Transmission Control Protocol Stream Control Transmission Protocol Session Layer and Presentation Layer

Application Layer

Domain Name System Application Protocol E-mail Cryptography

Misc

Classes of Routing Protocols Classification of Routing Algorithms Controlled Access Protocols in Computer Networks Differences between IPv4 and IPv6 Fixed and Flooding Routing Algorithms Advantages and Disadvantages of Fibre Optics Cable APIPA Difference between Active and Passive FTP Fiber Optics and its Types Method of Joining and Fusion of Fiber Optic Cable Define Framing in Computer Network Disadvantages of Computer Network Mesh Topology Diagram in Computer Network Ring Topology in Computer Network Star Topology in Computer Networks 4G Mobile Communication Technology Advantages and Disadvantages of LAN Advantages and Disadvantages of MAN Advantages and Disadvantages of WAN Application Layer in OSI Model Cyclic Redundancy Check Example Data link layer in OSI model Difference between Transport and Network Layer Hamming Code Example Network Layer in OSI Model Session Layer in OSI Model Transport Layer in OSI Model Two Port Network in Computer Networks Uses of Computer Networks What is Computer Network What is Framing in a Computer Network Advantages and Disadvantages of Bus Topology Difference between Star Topology and Bus Topology Subnetting in Computer Network Subnetting Questions and Answers What is Bus Topology What is Network Topology and Types in Computer Networks Access Control in Networking Basic Characteristics of Computer Network Benefits of SOCKS5 Proxy in Computer Networks Computer Network viva Questions Difference between BOOTP and RARP Difference Between Network Topologies and Network Protocols Difference between NFC and RFID Difference Between Point-to-Point Link and star Topology Network Differences Between MSS and MTU Differences Between Trunk Port and Access Port Different Modes of Communication in Computer Networks MIME Protocol in Computer Networks Modes of Communication in Computer Networks Network Attack in Computer Network Port Address in Networking Simplest Protocol in Computer Network Sliding Window Protocol in Computer Network Stop And Wait Protocol in Computer Networks TCP 3-Way Handshake Process in Computer Networks What is a Proxy Server What is APPN What is ICMP Protocol What is Point-to-Point Protocol What is Port Address in Networking What is the HDLC Protocol What is VRRP Protocol Difference Between Analog and Digital Signals Difference Between Hub and Repeater Difference between Repeater and Switch Difference Between Transparent Bridge and Source Routing Bridge Source Routing Bridge in Computer Networks Transparent Bridge in Computer Networks Transport Protocol in Computer Networks Types of CSMA in Computer Networks What is Wired and Wireless Networking Network Security in Computer Network Disadvantages of Extranet Difference Between TELNET and FTP Define Protocol in Computer Networks Guided Transmission Media in Computer Network What is a Gateway in a Computer Network IGMP in Computer Networks LAN Protocols in Computer Networks MAN Meaning in Computer Modulation Techniques in Computer Networks Switching in DCN TCP/IP Applications What is IGMP? What is Modem in Networking What is Non-Persistent CSMA Difference between Cell Splitting and Cell Sectoring Forouzen Computer Network

Transparent Bridge in Computer Networks

A transparent bridge is a networking device that connects two or more network segments together, allowing communication between devices on different segments. The bridge operates at the data link layer of the OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) model, which is responsible for the reliable transmission of data over a physical network.

The main function of a transparent bridge is to learn the MAC addresses of devices connected to each network segment and to forward data frames only to the appropriate segment based on the destination MAC address. When a device on one segment wants to communicate with a device on another segment, the bridge uses the MAC address table to determine which segment the destination device is on and forwards the data frame only to that segment, reducing unnecessary network traffic.

Transparent bridges are often used to connect local area networks (LANs) together, and they can improve network performance by reducing collisions and improving overall network efficiency. They are called "transparent" because they do not modify or alter the data being transmitted; instead, they simply forward data frames between different network segments.

Advantages of Transparent Bridge

There are several advantages of using transparent bridges in a network:

  • Segmentation: Transparent bridges allow network segmentation, which can help reduce congestion and improve overall network performance. By dividing a large network into smaller segments, traffic can be isolated and contained within each segment, reducing collisions and improving data transmission rates.
  • Filtering: Transparent bridges can filter network traffic based on MAC addresses, allowing only authorized devices to communicate with each other. This helps to improve network security and prevent unauthorized access to sensitive data.
  • Automatic learning: Transparent bridges can automatically learn the MAC addresses of devices on each network segment, which eliminates the need for manual configuration. This can save time and reduce errors when setting up a network.
  • Cost-effective: Transparent bridges are relatively inexpensive compared to other networking devices, such as routers and switches. This makes them a cost-effective solution for small to medium-sized networks.
  • Scalability: Transparent bridges are easily scalable, meaning that they can be added to a network as needed to accommodate growth. This allows a network to expand without the need for a complete overhaul of the existing infrastructure.

Overall, transparent bridges provide a simple and effective way to improve network performance and security, while also being a cost-effective solution for many types of networks.

Disadvantages of Transparent Bridge

While transparent bridges offer several advantages, there are also some potential disadvantages to using them in a network:

  • Limited functionality: Transparent bridges operate only at the data link layer of the OSI model, which means they cannot perform more advanced functions such as routing or filtering based on IP addresses. This can limit their usefulness in more complex networks.
  • Single broadcast domain: Because transparent bridges connect multiple network segments together, they create a single broadcast domain. This means that broadcasts sent by one device will be received by all devices on all segments connected to the bridge, which can result in increased network traffic and congestion.
  • Limited scalability: While transparent bridges are easily scalable, they may not be suitable for very large networks. As the number of network segments and devices increases, it can become difficult to manage and maintain the MAC address table.
  • Limited management capabilities: Transparent bridges offer limited management capabilities compared to more advanced networking devices, such as switches and routers. This can make it difficult to troubleshoot problems or implement changes to the network.
  • Performance limitations: Transparent bridges may have performance limitations, particularly in networks with high traffic volumes. As the number of devices and network segments increases, the bridge may become a bottleneck, limiting overall network performance.

Overall, while transparent bridges can be a useful tool in certain network environments, they may not be the best choice for larger or more complex networks that require more advanced networking features and management capabilities.

Uses of Transparent bridge

Here are some common uses of transparent bridges:

  • Connecting LAN segments: Transparent bridges are commonly used to connect multiple LAN segments together to create a larger network. By doing so, they improve connectivity between devices in different parts of the network and help to reduce network congestion.
  • Network redundancy: Transparent bridges can be used to provide network redundancy by creating multiple paths between devices on a network. This helps to ensure that data can still be transmitted even if one of the network paths fails.
  • VLAN segmentation: Transparent bridges can be used to segment a VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) into multiple smaller VLANs. This helps to improve network performance by reducing network congestion.
  • Network security: It can be improved by using transparent bridges to filter network traffic based on MAC addresses. This enhances overall network security by preventing unauthorised access to sensitive data.
  • Extending network reach: Transparent bridges can be used to extend the reach of a network by connecting multiple networks together over a longer distance. This allows devices in different locations to communicate with each other as if they were on the same network.

Overall, transparent bridges are a useful networking device that can be used in a variety of ways to improve network performance, connectivity, and security.

Characteristics of transparent bridges

Here are some characteristics of transparent bridges:

  • Operates at the Data Link Layer: Transparent bridges operate at the Data Link Layer (Layer 2) of the OSI model. They use MAC addresses to identify and forward data frames between different network segments.
  • Uses a MAC Address Table: Transparent bridges use a MAC address table to keep track of the MAC addresses of devices on each network segment. This table is used to determine the correct destination segment for each data frame.
  • Learns MAC Addresses: Transparent bridges automatically learn the MAC addresses of devices connected to each network segment. When a new device is detected, the bridge adds its MAC address to the MAC address table.
  • Forwards Data Frames: Transparent bridges forward data frames only to the appropriate network segment based on the destination MAC address. This helps to reduce unnecessary network traffic and improve network performance.
  • Creates a Single Broadcast Domain: Transparent bridges create a single broadcast domain by forwarding broadcast frames to all network segments. This can result in increased network traffic and congestion.
  • Limited Functionality: Transparent bridges are limited in functionality compared to more advanced networking devices, such as switches and routers. They cannot perform functions such as routing or filtering based on IP addresses.
  • Cost-effective: Transparent bridges are relatively inexpensive compared to other networking devices, making them a cost-effective solution for small to medium-sized networks.

Overall, transparent bridges are a simple and effective way to connect multiple network segments together and improve network performance. While they are limited in functionality compared to more advanced networking devices, they are a cost-effective solution for many types of networks.

Application of Transparent Bridge

Transparent bridges are commonly used in a variety of network environments for various applications. Here are some examples:

  • LAN segmentation: Transparent bridges are often used to segment a local area network (LAN) into smaller, more manageable segments. By doing so, network performance is enhanced and congestion is decreased.
  • Network expansion: Transparent bridges can be used to expand a network by connecting multiple LANs together. This can help to extend the reach of a network and improve connectivity between devices in different locations.
  • Network redundancy: Transparent bridges can be used to provide network redundancy by creating multiple paths between devices on a network. This helps to ensure that data can still be transmitted even if one of the network paths fails.
  • Network security: Transparent bridges can be used to enhance network security by filtering network traffic based on MAC addresses. This can help to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive data and improve overall network security.
  • Remote access: Transparent bridges can be used to provide remote access to a network by creating a virtual private network (VPN) between two or more locations. This allows remote users to access resources on the network as if they were physically connected to it.

Overall, transparent bridges are a versatile networking device that can be used in a variety of applications to improve network performance, connectivity, and security.

Conclusion

In conclusion, transparent bridges are a type of networking device that operate at the Data Link Layer of the OSI model. They are used to connect multiple network segments together, improve network performance, and enhance network security. While they have some limitations in terms of functionality, they are a cost-effective solution for many types of networks, particularly small to medium-sized ones. Some common uses of transparent bridges include connecting LAN segments, providing network redundancy, segmenting VLANs, enhancing network security, and extending the reach of a network. Overall, transparent bridges are a valuable tool for network administrators looking to improve network performance and security.