What are the formats?
Formats are different options that one uses to change the appearance of data (maybe text, number, etc..) in an excel file. They do not change the value of the cell but change the way it appears. Like, coloring a cell will not change the value in the cell, similarly, changing the format of a numeric value to Numbers and adding decimals, will not change the value of the cell but just the way it appears to us.
What are the different ways by which formatting can be done?
There are three different ways by which formatting can be done -
- Formatting options on Home group
- Right-clicking of the mouse on a cell
- Format Cell Dialog Box
Formatting Options on Home Group
We have already discussed the formatting options in the previous modules, so will not be moving with the base here again, apart from the Number options and Format Painter –
Suppose you have budget numbers in some cells, but right now you do not have any $ or £ signs in front of them, so you will –
- Select the cells that contain your data
- Under the Home tab, click on Number group on Home tab
- From the drop-down and select the currency option.
Once you select a currency, a currency sign will appear below the drop-down, you can then select the relevant currency for your salary numbers.
Similarly, you can format dates if you want them in a particular way, you can convert numbers into a percentage.
Format Painter feature in Excel makes it easy and quick to copy the formatting of any cell or ranges and apply it to other cells or ranges into any worksheet or workbook. This is very similar to Copy & Paste feature, however, copies only formatting such as font type, font colour, text size, alignment, border type, and background colour.
Format Painter is a very useful tool and comes to use when you want to replicate the format in a particular cell to another cell –
- Select the cell whose format you want to copy.
- Then do a left click on Format Painter under Home tab
- Go to the cell where you want to have the same format and just do a left-click.
Note: If you just do a single click on Format Painter, you will be able to format a group of cells that are together or only one cell. For changing the format of two or more cells that are not together, just do a double click on Format Painter, and you can go to all the cells one by one and change their formats. Once the changing formats have been finished, just click on the ‘Escape’ key on your keyboard.
Right-Click of the mouse
When you do a right-click on a cell, the above menu appears. The formatting options are the same as that of the Home tab.
Format Cell Dialog Box
When you do a right-click of the mouse, apart from the menu seen above, you will also see the below menu. To use the formatting options, click on Format Cells.
On clicking on Format Cells, the following box will open. It has different types of Formatting groups –
Numbers – when you want to format the value in a cell like adding a currency symbol in front of salary of employees, or adding commas in a number or removing decimal points from a number or changing the appearance of a date in excel file
Alignment – When you want to change a cell to left align, center align, top align, or even within a cell, if you want to tilt the text. You can also merge 2 or more cells together.
Font – When you want to change the font of the cell, font size, font style (bold, un-bold, underline, strikethrough)
Border – When you want to create a border around your cell or a group of cells. You can change the thickness of the borders as well by selecting the different options available.
Fill – When you want to colour the cell and create any pattern – by default the pattern is blank.
Adding a Background Image to a Worksheet
You can also change the background of an excel file like what you do for your computers, tablets.
To add a background to a worksheet –
- Go to the Page Layout tab
- Then go to the Page Setup group and click on Background.
- Excel will prompt you to select folders from where to select the picture – once done, click on Insert.