Full Form of FIFA- "Federation Internationale de Football Association"
The French acronym FIFA stands for "Federation Internationale de Football Association." Another term for this is the International Federation of Association Football.
FIFA is a global or worldwide body which includes games like football, futsal, and beach soccer. It administers, regulates, and promotes these sports.
It is a non-profit organisation. It is association football's highest governing body. It has the responsibility of organizing important football competitions such as the FIFA World Cup and the FIFA Women's World Cup. It has been staging FIFA World Cups since 1930 and Women's World Cups since 1991.
This international body was established in 1904 to regulate contest amongst the countries like Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland.
At present it has 211 national associations as members, with its headquarters in Zürich, Switzerland. Each of these is also a member of one of the world's six confederations including - Africa, Asia, Europe, North and Central America and the Caribbean, Oceania, and South America. FIFA’s purpose is to enhance football on a continuous basis.
Gianni Infantino has been the president of FIFA since July 2017. Today, FIFA's organisational laws define several goals, including expanding the federation of football globally, ensuring that it is in easy access to each one, and pushing for integrity and just- equitable play. FIFA is in charge of organising and promoting association football's biggest global competitions, including the World Cup (which began in 1930) and the Women's World Cup (which began in 1991).
FIFA does not determine the laws or standards of the game; it is the job of the International Football Association Board, FIFA is a participant of this board. However, FIFA applies and enforces the regulations during all FIFA competitions.
Sponsorship generates revenue for all FIFA tournaments; in 2018, FIFA reported revenues of over US$4.6 billion, a net positive of US$1.2 billion for the 2015-2018 cycle and cash reserves of over US$2.7 billion.
FIFA also publishes a monthly publication called FIFA 1904. It comes in a print form as well as a free online version.
The 68-page magazine contains in-depth interviews, stories, tales about football around the world.
Although it focuses mainly on FIFA's events, tournaments, contests, and members.
All FIFA confederations and member associations can get the print version for free. On FIFA.com, any football lover can play the online version for free.
FIFA also has an independent Ethics Committee that investigates any violations of the FIFA Code of Ethics.
It has been separated into two chambers since 2012: the investigative chamber and the adjudicatory chamber. The FIFA Code of Ethics serves as the foundation for all of the Ethics Committee's sessions and conclusions.
History of FIFA
With the growing popularity of international matches around the turn of the twentieth century, the necessity for a single authority to supervise association football became clear.
On May 21, 1904, FIFAwas created in the back of the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques (USFSA)with its headquarter in Rue Saint Honoré 229 in Paris. Even outside of French-speaking areas, the French name was used.
Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland were among the founder members. The German Football Association (DFB) also announced its desire to affiliate by telegraph on the same day.
Robert Guérin was FIFA's first president. In 1906, Guérin was replaced by Daniel Burley Woolfall, an Englishman who was already a member of the organisation.
Despite the participation of professional footballers, FIFA's first event, the federation of football contest for the 1908 Olympics that was held in London, was more thriving than its previous Olympic, despite FIFA's basic principles and its eminent football players.
With the applications of South Africa in 1909, Argentina in 1912, Canada, and the United States in 1914, FIFA's membership grew beyond Europe.
The "Official Guide" of the 1912 Spalding Athletic Library includes information on 1912 Olympics (scores and stories), the AAFA, and FIFA.
Dan B Woolfall was the FIFA President in 1912. From 1906 through 1918, Daniel Burley Woolfall served as president.
The organization's viability was in question during World Battle I, when many players were deployed to war and travel for international fixtures was severely constrained.
Following Woolfall's death, the organisation was taken over by Carl Hirschmann, a Dutchman. It was protected from being extincted, but only at the charge of the Home Nations (of the United Kingdom), who refused to compete in world-wide competitions with their recent World War adversaries. The Home Nations later re-joined the United Nations.
The National Football Museum in Urbis in Manchester, England, houses the FIFA collection. In 1930, in Montevideo, Uruguay, the inaugural World Cup was staged.
The FIFA flag comprises of a blue backdrop with the logo of the organisation in the centre.
The present FIFA flag was originally hoisted during the inauguration ceremony of the 2018 FIFA World Cup that was held in Moscow, Russia, and that flag has been put to usage since its inauguration.
Like the UEFA Champions League, after the 1994 FIFA World Cup, FIFA taken up a national anthem by the German composer Franz Lambert, which was reorganized and put forward by Rob May and Simon Hill. Official matches and tournaments approved by FIFA, such as B. international friendly matches.
It mimics the long-standing practice of the UEFA Champions League and other international football matches. Certain events can be exceptions; for example, during the 2010 World Cup, a piece of original African music was used to make bumpers.
Six federations and 211 national associations.
In addition to their global associations, there are also six FIFA-approved federations watching games in several distinct places around the world. FIFA members are national associations, not intercontinental federations. Because in the FIFA constitution, the membership of the association is crucial for being a member or part of the FIFA.
FIFA has recognized 211 national associations and related men’s national groups and 129 women groups on a national level.
The FIFA Minority Working Committee divides the members of the teams of FIFA broadly into three divisions.
Independent non-FIFA countries, which includes countries like Kiribati, Marshall Islands, etc
Non- Independent countries like Greenland, Reunion, Saint Martin, Zanzibar, and so on
Politically prone or susceptible countries or regions like (Abkhazia, Crimea, Northern Cyprus, and so on
The International or World Ranking of FIFA are revised on a monthly basis and are ranked according to the accomplishment of each team in worldwide contests, qualifying matches, and friendly matches. It is pertinent to note that there is also the presence of ranking of women football on an international basis. This is upgraded approximately 4 times in a single year.
Law, Government, and Regulation
FIFA has its headquarter in Zurich. FIFA is an organisation that falls under Swiss law.
The highest body of FIFA is the FIFA Congress, which is a congregation that is composed of delegates of various member associations. Every national football union has the power of one vote. The power of the vote is irrespective of the capacity or the number of the football team or members.
The General Assembly decides on the rules of FIFA and its execution and operation. Only Congress has the power to approve alternations to the FIFA Constitution. Congress approved the yearly report, decided to accept the new National Association, and conduct the elections.
The General Assembly elects the FIFA President, Secretary-General, and other eminent members or associates of the FIFA Council to serve the year following the FIFA World Cup.
The FIFA Council, previously known as the FIFA Executive Committee, is headed by the President and is the prime organisation for the decision-making process. The board of directors comprises of approximately 37 people: the chairman or the President; 8 vice presidents; followed by 28 alliance members, of which a minimum one is a woman. The Executive Committee is the organisation that determines the respective country that will conduct or organise the World Cup.
The chairman or the President and secretary-general are the important figures in FIFA. The secretary-general is responsible for daily management. The secretary-general has about 280 members. Gianni Infantino is the present president. He was elected to the Office of Corruption Investigation on February 26, 2016. He was elected on February 26, 2016, at the General Assembly of International Organizations soon after the previous President, who has been asked to leave due to the ongoing corruption case investigation.
FIFA’s global organizational structure also includes various other institutions managed by the FIFA Council. Or formulated by Congress as a standing committee. These institutions include the FIFA Emergency Committee, the FIFA Ethics Committee, the Finance Committee, the Disciplinary Committee, and the Referee Committee.
In addition, FIFA has an independent ethics committee that is responsible for reviewing and investigating possible violations of FIFA's ethical code.
In 2012, the categorisation of the FIFA Ethics Committee was divided into two independent Divisions:
The Investigation Chamber and the Judicial Chamber.
The FIFA Code of Ethics is the basis for all activities, proceedings, and resolutions of the Ethics Committee.
Since 2016, FIFA has held the FIFA Best Football Award every year to applaud and appreciate both individuals as well as team accomplishments in the international football world. FIFA players.
Top awards include the Best FIFA Men's Player or Women's Player and FIFA Best Football Coach FIFPro World 11. In 2000, FIFA awarded FIFA Century Club and FIFA Century Player of the Century two awards to determine the best clubs and football players of the 20th century. ..
.Real Madrid became the winner of the club, Diego Maradona and Pele became the cumulative or common/shared winners.
2018 Code of Ethics Review
In 2018, FIFA refreshed or modified its Code of Ethics to exclude corruption as one of the listed reasons for ethical breach. Financial resources and competition manipulation are criminal offenses, but a Decree or rule of limitations has been added, and after ten years, such crimes will no longer be held accountable.
The investigation also found that public defamation of FIFA’s remarks is a criminal offence. Former FIFA Governance Committee member and anti-corruption compliance expert Alexandra Lach said of the review, “The true value of FIFA lies in its discouraging effect on critics.”