What is the Full Form of WMO

What is WMO's Complete Form?

The World Meteorological Organization is the full name of the corporation. Promoting global cooperation in weather research, hydraulics, climate science, and geophysics is under the purview of the UN's Specialized Department. The World Meteorology Organization (WMO), which comprises 193 countries and areas, promotes the open and unhindered interchange of information, studies, and information amongst the organization's member meteorology and hydrologic organizations.

What is the Full Form of WMO

The International Meteorology Senate, which comprises member nations, governs the WMO, which has its headquarters in the Swiss city of Geneva. It establishes goals and strategies on a four-yearly basis. The President of Europe, Friedrich Adrian, oversees the executive team that leads the legislative body.


The Worldwide Meteorology Body, a non-governmental organization founded in 1873 to provide a forum for the sharing of information and study on the effects of climate change, gave rise to the WMO.

Efforts to alter the World Meteorology Organization's position and function came from the World Meteorological Convention of 1947, which also served as the source of the organization's original idea.

March 23, 1950, was the date on which the Convention came into effect. The year before, WMO began functioning as an intergovernmental organization under the UN framework.

Principal Purposes of WMO:

The task of WMO is to use technology and analytical methods to deliver services and information related to climate, weather, and freshwater to the nations that are members. The following lists a few of WMO's significant objectives:

  1. Improve and promote the establishment and upkeep of mechanisms for quickly exchanging meteorological and weather-related data.
  2. Encouraging the standardization of weather and meteorological monitoring data.
  3. Expand the use of meteorology in fields such as transport, farming, water management, and aircraft.
  4. Encourage cooperation between hydrologic and meteorological services as well as hydrological activities.
  5. Encourage education and studies related to meteorology.
  6. Participate in developing national and international policies about drinking water, the environment, and weather.

The principal areas of interest for the International Meteorology Organization (WMO), a specialized branch of the Nations, are hydrology, climatology, meteorology, and allied disciplines. Here is additional data regarding WMO:

  • Creation: On March 23, 1950, the World Met Office was founded. In 1951, it was reorganized as a specialized agency of the United Nations. The company's main office is in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Mission and Goals: Encouraging international collaboration in the gathering, sharing, analyzing, and application of meteorological, climatological, hydrological, and associated environmental data and information is the primary goal of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

Its main goals consist of:

  1. Improving knowledge of the environment and climatic structures on Earth.
  2. Enhancing our capacity to forecast and track water-related, climatic, and meteorological occurrences.
  3. Assisting in the building of meteorology equipment and abilities
  • Membership: WMO is among the most widely-reaching global bodies, with 191 member nations and Areas. To increase the precision of weather forecasting, environmental tracking, and handling emergencies, members cooperate on a range of meteorology and hydrologic projects.
  • Structure: The World Meteorology Congress, the Leadership Council, and regional groups are some of the WMO's executive offices. In addition to setting objectives and regulations, these groups supervise the organization's operations.
  • Programmes and Events:

WMO carries out a variety of initiatives, such as:

  1. A worldwide network for gathering and sharing hydrological and meteorological information that enables timely transmission of weather forecasts and alerts is called International Environment Monitoring.
  2. World Climatic Program: Knowledge about and mitigation of the effects of climate change is the primary goal of this initiative, which focuses on offerings, tracking, and studies related to the impact of climate change.
  3. Risk of Disaster Reduction: To lessen the effects of natural disasters on neighbourhoods, WMO aims to enhance early warning systems for hurricanes, floods, and drought.
  4. WMO's capacity-building initiatives help members of the organization become more proficient in weather, climate science, and other associated subjects by offering them education and technical assistance.
  • Global Data Sharing: Encouraging nations that are members to share meteorology and hydrological information is one of WMO's primary responsibilities. Meteorological forecasting and environmental tracking depend on this information exchange.
  • Environment and Sustainable Development: The World Meteorological Organization, or the WMO, is a significant player in the fight against climate change efforts. It monitors the atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases and supports international climate accords, such as the Agreement of Paris.

To solve worldwide concerns about the environment, climate, and water resources, the WMO is an essential institution. Its mission is critical to the long-term preservation of natural resources globally and the security and well-being of individuals everywhere.