Full Form of UNESCO

UNESCO is being talked a lot these days. Although it's a global peacemaker organization, many people don't know what it stands for.

The full form of the abbreviation UNESCO is the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

This tutorial will briefly cover the definition, overviews, history of UNESCO, mission, vision, goals, sponsored projects, and other detailed information related to United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization or UNESCO.

Full form of UNESCO

What is UNESCO?

The United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization or UNESCO for short is the United Nations' specific agency that aims to contribute to the building of peace, elimination of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue, social communication, and information exchange.”

UNESCO has played an essential part in reinforcing the grounds of persisting peace and sustainable development. The UNESCO organization has around 10 associate members and 195 member states. Its headquarters are situated in France. UNESCO investor's primarily focus was on rebuilding schools, libraries, and museums in Europe that have been destroyed or damaged during World War One. Since then, it was primarily involved in facilitating, supporting, and complementing Member States' National assets to eradicate illiteracy and working persistently to establish an extensive educational society. UNESCO also endeavors to inspire the interchange of ideas and knowledge by arranging conferences and providing exchange services.

The overviews of UNESCO are as follows:

Established at16 November 1945
Type of AgencyUnited Nations (UN) specialized agency
Legal statusActive
HeadquartersParis, France
HeadAudrey Azoulay (the Director-General of UNESCO)
Parent organizationUnited Nations Economic and Social Council

UNESCO came into action to develop widespread respect for justice, humanistic rights, and the practice of law and basic freedom declared in the United Nations Charter. Since then, it proceeded to believe that all the countries' sustainability of peace must not be confined by political and economic alliances and humanitarian solidarity.

History of UNESCO

  1. UNESCO was introduced on 21 September 1921 by a League of Nations resolution for international cooperation and to choose a Commission to examine the practicability of having nations easily share culture, education, and scientific accomplishments.
  2. During its initial stages (in the 1950s), only the less-developed countries accompanied the UN. UNESCO started supplying resources to these countries' difficulties, such as poverty, high illiteracy rates, and underdevelopment.
  3. In the 1980s, UNESCO was scrutinized by the United States and other developed countries for its affirmed anti-Western method to social issues and the continued expansion of its budget. These concerns provoked the United States to depart from the foundation in 1984, and following this incident, other countries, unlike the United Kingdom and Singapore, withdrew a year later.
  4. In 1997 the U.K. Labor Party's won the elections and decided to rejoin UNESCO. A few years later, the United States and Singapore joined UNESCO in the 2003 and 2007, respectively.
  5. Later in 2011, UNESCO acclaimed full membership for Palestine. The same year United States declared that they wouldn't be funding and paying the dues to the organization because U.S. congressional legislation forbade any U.N. agency's funding that confirmed Palestine as a full member.
  6. In 2013, United States dropped all its voting rights in the UNESCO organization because of its unpaid dues. Further in 2017, U.S. leaders, summoning "anti-Israel bias" and the volume of U.S. arrears, proclaimed that the United States would withdraw UNESCO. Following this incident, Israel also from the UNESCO.

Vision of UNESCO

  1. Governments' political and economic systems are not sufficient to ensure the peoples' lasting support. Peace must be restored upon mutual conversation and understanding. Peace must be built upon the rational and ethical solidarity of humanity.
  2. UNESCO creates various academic tools to enhance literacy and support people live as global citizens independent of hate and prejudice.
  3. It aims to promote cultural heritage and the equal honor of all religions, cultures, and societies.
  4. One of UNESCO's primary visions is to strengthen bonds among countries. It launches various scientific programs and policies for global development and cooperation.
  5. UNESCO stands for freedom of expression as a basic right to democracy and advancement. It supports countries to adopt international models and leads programs that encourage the free flow of ideas and information sharing.

UNESCO functions

The principal functions of UNESCO's are as follows:

  1. To support global co-operation and mutual understanding of nationalities through dialogues and mass communication;
  2. To provide an education drive and promoting the spread of culture;
  3. To sustain, expand, and distribute knowledge;
  4. To promote scientific preparation, research and training;
  5. To implement sciences to secure human development and the sustainable usage of natural resources.

Mission of UNESCO

UNESCO’s mission is to create a society of peace, abolishing poverty, sustainable development, and interchange of global dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication, and information.

Goal of the UNESCO

Through the five initiatives, UNESCO achieves its goal,

  1. Natural Sciences
  2. Education and literacy
  3. Human Sciences
  4. Culture
  5. Information/Communication

UNESCO sponsored projects

UNESCO gives incentives for accomplishment in various fields. Presently it grants 22 awards in education, research, culture, and peace. UNESCO has formal associations with 322 international non-governmental bodies. It sponsors various projects for the improvement of academic studies, protection of natural & antique monuments, eradication of poverty, etc. Some of its popular projects are listed below:

  1. Freedom of Press
  2. Regional & Cultural Variety Promotion
  3. Interpretation of World Literature
  4. Technical Training Programs
  5. Secure natural & World Heritage Sites
  6. Human Rights Protection
  7. Educational Activates & Programs
  8. Teachers Training Programs
  9. International Cooperation& peace

UNESCO Constitution

UNESCO signed its constitution on 16 November 1945. But officially, it came into effect from 4 November 1946 after acceptance by the following twenty countries:

  • United States
  • United Kingdom
  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • India
  • China
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Egypt
  • France
  • Canada
  • Lebanon
  • Greece
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Mexico
  • South Africa
  • Turkey