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Full form of MLA

“A member of the Legislative Assembly is referred to as an MLA.”

An MLA is a representative officially elected by the people living in a certain electoral district, often known as a constituency. MLAs are chosen to serve in India's State Legislatures, which comprise the State Government. Voters choose one representative from each constituency, who then becomes that constituency's MLA.

When citizens vote for representatives to the Parliament from the centre, a member of the Parliament whose constituency is greater is chosen. There are usually seven or nine MLA constituencies for every MP constituency.

In India, people who serve as chief ministers or ministers of a state for longer than six months are eligible to become MLAs. If a non-MLA is nominated to the office of minister or chief minister, they must occupy that position for six months after the election.

Legislators

Members of a state's two chambers, the Legislative Assembly or Legislative Council, are known as MLAs. The state legislature's assembly is considered the lower house, and the council the upper chamber.

A minimum of 60 members and an aggregate of 500 members can make up the legislative assembly. The state where Uttar Pradesh has the most MLAs. There are 404 members of it. This is because it has the largest population in the nation.

The overall amount of MLAs for the legislature decreases proportionately to a state's population. The state's population determines how many representatives are allowed in the legislature. Adult voters choose every member of the legislative assembly. All of the state's constituencies elect one member each.

It's interesting to note that if state governors believe the Anglo-Indian population is underrepresented in the legislature, they may propose an Anglo-Indian member. Since January 2020, this type of system has been eliminated. The 104th Amendment to the Constitution accomplished this.

Requirements for becoming an MLA

In India, you have to fulfil the following requirements to become an MLA:

  • The aspirant needs to be an Indian citizen.
  • To be a member of the assembly, an individual must be at least 25 years old, and to be a member of the council, they must be at least 30 years old.
  • A person must be a voter in EVERY constituency in the state to run for office as an MLA. Crucially, a member cannot hold the office of MLA if he is not permitted to become an MP from that state.
  • The defendant cannot be found guilty of a crime and cannot get a prison sentence longer than two years.

Duration of an MLA’s Term

A legislative assembly has maximum tenure of five years. The governor may dissolve an assembly at the state chief minister's recommendation. The chief minister can offer the dissolving only when he has a majority in the chamber. If no one party or individual can demonstrate a majority of the house's members, the assembly may also be dissolved. An assembly's term may be extended in an emergency. Normally, assemblies last for five years. A house's term may be extended for a maximum of six months. This is for the legislature's lower house.

Lower house members elect their representatives to the legislature's upper chamber, also known as the council. The selection of members is contingent upon the strength of each party inside the lower house. An Act of the state, ratified by the Indian Parliament and the president, may abolish the upper houses of the legislature.

Capabilities

MLAs have the authority to make laws in a state. They enact laws, ensure that they are duly applied, act in the people's best interests, and preserve the nation's constitution. For example, state legislatures hold the power to enact laws about public health, agriculture, law enforcement, irrigation, jails, local government, and cemeteries. Both the assembly and the Parliament can also pass laws regarding matters like divorce, marriage, education, and forestry. Additionally, they also hold the power to approve money bills.

Summary

A member of the Legislative Assembly is referred to as MLA. An MLA is a representative officially elected by the people living in a certain electoral district, often known as a constituency.