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Full form of UNICEF

Full form of UNICEF: We are living in a fast-developing and increasingly connected world. This connectivity generates many opportunities but also highlights some of the significant challenges that we are facing. As per a survey, around 470 million children survive in extreme poverty, and 15 million children are violently dislodged. About 59 million school-aged children cannot access the right to education and do not go to school. Hence to render these problems, UNICEF- a global organization, was formed to all the children access to information and assistance vital for them to attain their full potential.  Before discovering more about UNICEF, let's quickly discuss its full form.

The abbreviation UNICEF stands for United Nations Children’s Fund.

This tutorial will briefly cover the definitions, overviews, history Primary problems focused by UNICEF and other detailed information related to UNICEF, or United Nations Children's Fund.

What is UNICEF?

UNICEF, or United Nations Children's Fund, is a global organization founded by the United Nations General Assembly to conduct humanitarian and peacekeeping operations worldwide. It was formed on 11 December 1946 to render food, water, sanitization, and healthcare to children and mothers who suffered and desolated in World War II. "

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund is a unique program of the United Nations (UN) introduced for helping the nation to raise children's health, nourishment, education, and overall welfare. UNICEF has focused more on their effort in provinces wherein little expenditures can significantly influence the most underprivileged children's lives, unlike preventing and tackling the disease.  UNICEF is one of the most popular, extensive, and recognizable social progress associations in the world.

It looks after health, nutrition, immunization, good water, sanitization, and disease prevention programs for children. It administers medication and prevention of children and mothers who have HIV/AIDS. UNICEF provides emergency relief in response to disasters and funding for health services, educational tools, and other human welfare assistance. UNICEF works with governments and corporate partners to give every child access to information and services necessary to reach their full potential.

UNICEF's chief motive is to advocate for protecting children's rights, to support their basic needs, to help them enhance their capabilities, and to reach their full potential. United Nations Children Fund is responsible for providing humane and developmental guidance to children across the globe. Both government and private benefactions contribute to UNICEF's pursuits.  Initially, it was known as the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, but the name was later replaced by United Nations Children's Fund.

The overviews of UNICEF are as follows:

CriteriaOverview
Founded onUNICEF was formed on 11 December 1946 as United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (formerly known name).
Type of organizationFund
HeadquartersNew York City, United states
Head of the organizationExecutive Director of the United Nations Children’s FundAt present (2021): Henrietta H. Fore
Legal statusActive
Parent organizationUnited Nations General AssemblyUnited Nations Economic and Social Council
UNICEF Websitehttps://www.unicef.org/

History of UNICEF

On December 11, 1946 (after the Second World War), UNICEF was established by the UN (United Nations) General Assembly for European children's welfare. In 1950, the UN General Assembly extended its branch to aid impoverished children and mothers who need support and assistance.

Later in 1953, the United Nations General Assembly's permanent member became UNICEF, and its title was shortened to United Nations Children's Fund, but the association retained its abbreviation as UNICEF.

UNICEF benefits in more than 190 nations worldwide. It groups with local associations, corporate allies, and state or central governments to render emergency relief aid for poverty-stricken mothers and children.

Primary problems focused by UNICEF

UNICEF believes that every child has the right to access the basic necessity of life, i.e., adequate nutrition, health, education, and protection against violence and exploitation. Hence, it conducts various programs to focus on the following five significant issues suffered by children worldwide:

  1. Hunger
  2. Disease and healthcare
  3. War
  4. Exploitation, abuse and violence
  5. Disaster

UNICEF and Future Technology

To secure children's opportunities and a prosperous future, UNICEF is developing a tool to estimate a child's access to information and identify poverty information worldwide. With this tool's help, UNICEF can conclude the total impact the government and private corporations will have with a minimum amount of resources. 

Measuring information poverty is complex. A child's access to information depends on many factors, unlike their family background, religion, friends, society, upbringing, media, and government. The volume of data required to determine this is daunting. However the modern technologies such as artificial intelligence, neural networks, and machine learning offer powerful new computing capabilities that didn't exist a few years ago.

UNICEF is working on these technologies to fetch data from that satellites, smartphones, and social media to measure, quantify and optimize the child's information access.   Thus, they ensure a world where every child has the right to information, opportunity, and choice.