Full Form of CBI
This tutorial will briefly cover about the various full forms of CBI (Central bureau of Investigation and Central Bank of India) including their definition, history, functions, overviews, vision and other detailed information.
(i) CBI: Central bureau of Investigation
From teenagers to adults, everyone loves CBI's movie drama investigating in national terrorists' cases, thriving the black money and solving the high-profile cases. But are you all aware of its full form?
The full form of the abbreviation CBI is Central Bureau of Investigation.
What is CBI?
“Central Bureau of Investigation or CBI is the chief investigating body of India responsible for serving Indian Government to investigate several economic crimes, special crimes, murder, robbery, kidnapping, terrorism and other cases.”
Over the years, CBI has established a reputation worldwide for its justice, equality, and competence by solving various conventional crime cases such as murder, kidnapping, terrorist crime, etc. Apart from this, the Central Government, State Government, Supreme court and the High Court also trust the CBI and commenced their involvement in various cases to investigate if the aggrieved companies' appeals. CBI's investigation's statutory powers are procured from the DSPE Act established in 1946, which bestows powers, responsibilities, privileges, and liabilities on the Central Bureau of Investigation Union Territories' officers. CBI relies on India's home ministry for staffing since many of its inspectors come from the Indian Police Service. The CBI is also dependent on the ministry of law for lawyers and doesn’t have operative liberty. The CBI officers at or above the sub-inspector rank are also considered officers in charge of police stations.
CBI has successfully solved numerous conspicuous cases, unlike the famous Bhanwari Devi murder case, 2008 Noida double murder case, Satyam scandal, Sister Abhaya murder case, 2G spectrum case, Indian coal allocation scam and INX Media case. Though in many cases, CBI has also faced criticism for its mishandling of various crimes due to governmental pressure. CBI has also been blamed for intervening in the leading politicians' scams, such as Jayalalithaa, P. V. Narasimha Rao, Mulayam Singh Yadav, and Mayawati and the famous Bihar minister Lalu Prasad Yadav. There are many events in which CBI was misused, such as the famous Hawala scandal political and financial, 2G spectrum scam, and coal scam, etc.
The overviews of Central Bureau of Investigation are as follows:
|Formed at||1942 as the Special Police Establishment|
|Jurisdiction||Government of India|
|Headquarters||New Delhi, India|
|Motto||Industry, Impartiality, Integrity|
|Cadre Strength||Sanctioned: 7274|
|Annual budget||802.19 crore INR|
|Parent department||Department of Personnel and Training|
History of CBI
The Central Bureau of Investigation draws its beginning to the Special Police Establishment (S.P.E.) established in 1941 by India's Government. At that time, the S.P.E. functions were to investigate bribery cases and corruption in transactions during the War. Even after the end of the War, a department's necessity to investigate political bribery cases and corruption was felt. Therefore, in 1946 the DSPE (Delhi Special Police Establishment), Act was introduced. It shifted the S.P.E.'s administration to the Home Department and it then expanded roles and responsibilities to incorporate all branches of Indian India. The S.P.E. jurisdiction elongated to all the Indian Union Territories and could also be extended to the States with the State Government's permission.
Later in 1963, the home ministry of India renamed the Delhi Special Police Establishment (D.S.P.E.) as Central Bureau of Investigation or C.B.I. (current popular name). Since then, CBI has established a worldwide reputation as a leading investigative agency by solving numerous complicated crimes, unlike murder, robbery, kidnapping and terrorism. Further, in 1987, the CBI was distributed into the following categories:
- Anti-Corruption Division
- Directorate of Prosecution Division
- Economic Offences Division
- International Police Cooperation and Policy Division
- Special Crimes Division
- Administration Division
- Central Forensic Science Laboratory Division.
Functions of CBI
- The CBI is the central Indian investigating agency. It is not a statutory department as it draws its powers from the DSPE (Delhi Special Police Establishment) Act, 1946.
- Its leading role is to counter corruption and maintain integrity in the Government's administration. It operates under the CVC supervision (Central Vigilance Commission) under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
- They are responsible to Investigate cases related to the violation of economic and fiscal laws, i.e., infringement of laws affecting systems and central excise, trading and import control, income tax, GDP, foreign trade controls, etc.
- They investigate crimes of serious events with major and international consequences and are operated by trained criminals or professional crime organizations.
- They are responsible for the coordination of the actions of the different state police departments and anti-corruption companies.
- They maintain crime statistics and broadcasting criminal information.
- At the command of an Indian state govt., the CBI can also get enrolled in any public influence case and investigate it from scratch.
- CBI represents India’s in communicating and interacting with the INTERPOL.
Frequently Asked Questions/FAQ’s
Question 1: What is the difference between CIB and CID?
Answer: The difference between CBI and CID are as follows:
|CBI stands for Central Bureau of Investigation.||CID stands for Crime Investigation Department.|
|Central Bureau of Investigation is the chief investigating body of India responsible for serving Indian Government to investigate several economic crimes, special crimes, murder, robbery, kidnapping, terrorism and other cases.||CID is a State Police investigation and intelligence branch. This department is responsible for investigating murder cases, state riots, robbery, kidnapping, fraud etc.|
|CBI is a central government agency||CID is a state government agency.|
Question 2: How to become a CBI officer?
Answer: To become a CBI officer the aspirant must pass the SSC CGL exam.
(ii) CBI: Central Bank of India
The another full form of the abbreviation CBI is Central Bank of India.
What is CBI (Central Bank of India)?
“CBI, or Central Bank of India, is one of India’s biggest and oldest financial institutions owned by the Indian government. The headquarter of CBI is situated in Mumbai (the Indian financial capital).”
People often get confused with CVI considering it as the Central Bank but despite of its name it is not a central bank. Instead it is a public bank. CBI is the first Indian commercial bank owned and administered by Indians established on 21 December 1911 by Sir Sorabji Pochkhanawala . Central Bank has actively promoted the essential thrust domains of agriculture, small, medium and large scale industries. It has also played an important role in introducing several Employment Schemes to raise employment opportunities among the educated Indian youth.
The overviews of Central Bank of India are as follows:
|Type of Bank||Public Bank|
|Traded as||BSE: 532885|
|Established on||21 December 1911|
|Headquarters||Mumbai, Maharashtra, India|
|Estimated Revenue||?27,199.29 crore (in Indian rupees) as per 2020 reports|
|Operating income||4,344.15 crore (in Indian rupees) as per 2020 reports|
Government of India
|Number of employees||A total of 33,481 employees worldwide (as per the estimates conducted in 2020.)|
Some Important facts about the Central Bank of India
- The RBI has connected the CBI or the Central Bank of India for the right to access its branch offices located in different international countries, mainly Doha, Dubai, Singapore, and London.
- The CBI Bank has its presence worldwide, and it includes a count of 4,651 branches, 3,642 ATMs, ten satellite offices and one extension counter as per the lasted survey conducted on March 31, 2020.
- CBI Bank provides pan-India support covering all twenty-eight states, 7 Indian union territories and 574 Indian district headquarters.