ISD Full Form

ISD Full Form

ISD stands for International Subscriber Dialing. It is also known as International Direct Dialing (IDD). ISD is an international telephone call dialled by a person of one country to the person of another country without any help of the third person or telephone operator.

If we see its history, in 1957 Sally Reed (Dedham, Massachusetts) made First Transatlantic Direct Dial Telephone Call to her PenPal, Ann Morsley, in Dedham, Essex. Further it was made by John W. Atkins, the manager of International Ocean Telegraph Company (IOTC), a subsidiary of Western Union Telegraph Company over telegraph cable at 9:55 from his office in Key West to Havana, Cuba on 25th December 1900. The first official transatlantic telephone call was made by W.S.Gifford, the President of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company to Sir Evelyn P. Murray, Secretary of the General Post Office of Great Britain, on 7th January 1927. The recording of this call was named to the Library of Congress’ National Recording Registry in 2005. It was the first official commercial system. And then finally, in March 1970, a new nationwide system, called International Direct Distance Dialing (IDDD), was introduced by the United States. It was an extension of Direct Distance Dialing (DDD) that was inaugurated in 1951 in Englewood, NJ.

Now, the question is how to do the ISD call. For doing ISD calls first we have to dial a Prefix, that varies country by country. After dialing the Prefix we have to dial the international code of that particular country followed by the code of that area and then the person's phone number. However, with mobile phones we have to dial the ‘+’ key before the country code. Actually, Prefix is a code that is dialled usually at the time of making an International Call. It is also called the international access code as well as International Direct Dialing (IDD) code.

Moreover, ITU International Telecommunication Union Recommends ‘00’ as the general Prefix for International Call prefix, and it is followed by many countries but not by all the countries like; Canada, USA and several Caribbean Countries have International calling code 011. Other countries like; India , South Africa, China, European Union, and other Asian and African Countries use the prefix ‘00’ recommended by ITU.  For example, if a caller of Canada or USA has to call in India they will dial 011 91 24 1550. Here 011 is the prefix of Canada or USA, 91 is the country code of India, 24 is the code of that area and 1550 is the number of that particular person. In the same way if an Indian has to call in America, first he will dial ‘00’ the Prefix and then the country code followed by area code then lastly the person’s number.

Now, different companies offer different packs for ISD calls like, Jio Company offers a global ISD combo 501 pack to make International calls from home network. They claim to offer this service for 230 Countries. Moreover, there could be a free international call. For free International Call there are some steps:-

  1. Open the web browser and go to ievaphone.com.
  2. Enter the phone number like for India +91, for USA +1 and then the local numbers of that country and area.
  3. Then click on the call and wait for a while to check whether free calls are connecting or not.

However, these days internet, Wi-Fi connections, and WhatsApp have made International Call very easy. Now we can place International Voice Call as well as International Video Calls on mobile phones on the cost of data. Earlier, before SmartPhones, and WhatsApp, international calls were more expensive. But now only on low cost of data recharge we can do unlimited calls. So, these days ISD calls are not a big deal. We can make it, whenever we want.   



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