1. BBC- British Broadcasting Corporation
BBC refers to a British broadcasting corporation. It is a mass media industry founded on 18 October 1922. It is a public service broadcaster which has its headquarters in London at Broadcasting House in Westminster. BBC is one of the most popular, widely known, and one of the largest and oldest broadcasters on a global scale. BBC tops in the number of employees too. It is said to employ over 22000 employees of which over 19000 are in the broadcasting of the public sectors.
The total number of employees that BBC has recruited is close to 36000, including some working part-time, flexible work time, and some have been recruited on a contractual basis.
BBC was established under the Royal Charter, and it functions are as per the agreement with the Secretary of the State for Digital, Culture, Media, and Sport. It is funded on an annual basis by annual television license fees, which is paid by all the British households, organisations that are equipped to receive television broadcasts, etc.
The fees are fixed by the British Government. It is also said to fund BBC World Service that was launched in 1932 and was earlier known as BBC empire service. It broadcasts in multiple languages, approximately 28 languages, and also provides a complete package by including TV, radio, and online facilities in Arabic and Persian. Their primary broadcasting language remains English.
BBC is very vital and has played a crucial role in the life of British people, culture, and their tradition. It is also known as The Beeb, Auntie, or Auntie Beeb. BBC monopolised in Britain on TV toll 1954 and till 1972 on the radio.
Let us read about the journey of the BBC.
- BBC was founded by John Reith and George Villiers in October 1922.
- The first daily broadcast of BBC was held at Macroni’s studio in London on 14 November 1922
- Soon after receiving the Royal Charter in 1927, BBC’s title was changed to British Broadcasting Corporation from the previous title of British Broadcasting Company.
- Then in 1936, BBC established and began its television service at Alexandra Palace, London, in the month of November.
- It was during the entire World War 2 BBC was placing, fixing their shutters for the television networks, and they educated, entertained the people or the audience of TV through the radio.
- BBC successfully broadcasted the crown ceremony of the Queen in 1953, and it was estimated from the coverage that there was a scope of the broadcast of approximately 22 million people. It was through this broadcast that the people or residents of Britain expressed the desire to have Television at their home and which also helped in the rise of television sales.
- Then in June 1960, BBC’s first-ever TV centre was opened and which later came to known as the headquarter of the BBC.
- Then in 1997, BBC initiated their new initiative known as BBC online or bbc.co.uk, and soon it became one of the most trusted and reliable sources in the entire world.
- Since the BBC had signed a ten-year-old charter with the Government, the BBC trust became the primary or the chief managing, controlling the centre and later started to expand their online services all over the world.
- The public facilities that are provided by the BBC include radio, TV broadcasts, and publications. Most of the revenue for the same is said to come from BBC news.
- BBC today is widely known, popular and famous, it is broadcasted in almost all the countries of the world like India, China, UK, USA, Australia, etc.
BBC and its Facilities
Since BBC is a public mass media industry and it comprises of publications, television broadcasts, radio, most of its revenue is generated from the broadcasting of the BBC news.
BBC news channel or their programmes mainly focus on the global news and affairs. Moreover, the news broadcasted on the BBC channel is translated into several languages so that the broadcast can be seen in various countries around the world like India, China, Italy, etc.
BBC Working and Divisions
BBC functions under the Royal Charter. The 2017 charter is said to abolish the BBC Trust, which was replaced with regulation by Ofcom with the governance by the BBC board. It is necessary for BBC to acquire a license from Home Secretary under the Royal Charter.
BBC board was formed in April 2017, which was replaced by the BBC trust- which has replaced the Board of Governors in 2007. The strategy of the board is to evaluate the performance of the BBC executive board to deliver services.
The Executive Committee is responsible for day-to-day operations and usually comprises of managers chaired by the Director-General.
The operational division usually handles, manages the content, radio, education, news, current affairs, nations/regions, and design and engineering.
Whereas the Commercial division includes the BBC studios, BBC World News, and BBC Studio work.
BBC has been an essential aspect in the lives of the people of Britain and continues to be so. BBC has become inclusive, and over the years, it has tried to include, accommodate the interests of all in the society.