KGF Full Form
KGF is a mining arena that is located in Karnataka. Well, KGF stands for Kolar Gold Field which is a mining area in Kolar District. The headquarters for the same lay in Robertsonpet. Kolar Gold Mines has been doing mining for over 100 years. Now, there is an interesting fact to know. These mines were closed in 2001 as the gold prices had drastically fallen. Let us see how these mines were built and what contribution do they hold. So, let us brush up on our history.
- John Taylor III bought quite a large number of mines in Kolar Gold Mines in the year 1880. He was the first one who found gold in the Kolar District.
- The firm of John Taylor named ‘John Taylor and Sons’ operated these mines till 1956.
- Well, that is interesting to know that the MGM Co. i.e. Mysore Gold Mining Company was then a subsidiary.
- These mines were under an electric current wherein the cable was run from a hydroelectric power plant in the year 1902.
- Later in the year, 1956, the Mysore Government decided to take over these mines.
The Kolar District has a vivid history of Kings, invasion, etc. The origin of the city is also quite vivid. Well, in the Kolar district, with the increase and growth of gold mines, many people settled there. The growth of mines required a lot of labor and the people from nearby places like Dharmapuri, Chitoor, Tamil Nadu, etc came and settled here. These people settled on the outskirts of the time while the center of the town was occupied by British families, geologists, and engineers who were well-to-do.
Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) was established in the district thereby, employing the new people who resided in the town. Now, the KGF has contributed to Indian History i.e. there is a National Geological Monument in the Kolar district. The pyroclastic rocks and the pillow lavas have been proclaimed as the National Monument. The GSI (Geological Survey of India) has the responsibility of preserving and protecting the monument.
Now, let us talk a bit about the language spoken here. Well, the official language spoken is Kannada but Tamil and Telugu are also spoken by the people. The residents who speak Tamil have their ancestral history wherein their ancestors were the laborers in the Madras Presidency.
Well, it is interesting to note that the KGF i.e. Kolar Gold Mines was established and nationalized in the year 1956. These mines provided a total of 900 tons of gold. These mines were finally closed due to economic reasons because of the scarcity of water and shelter. The climate of the area also fluctuates. Sometimes, the temperature is generously hot but most of the time it’s humid because of the rains.
At present, BEML is the owner of these mines. There is one more interesting fact about these mines. These mines are considered to be the world’s second deepest gold mine. The depth of these mines is said to be 3,000 meters. In the British Era, the Kolar District was referred to as the ‘Little England’ due to the mines and its climate. Even today, one can witness the grandeur of the place as it has amazing landscapes, the British Bungalows, and well-planned streets that still stand there.
Well, let us see some of the key points regarding Kolar Gold Mines, Kolar District.
- The first hydroelectric power plant was built at Shivasamundar to provide electricity into the mines.
- The headquarters of the National Institute of Miners Health is in the Kolar District.
- The Swarna Express which is the longest rail begins in Kolar and ends up in Bangalore.
- Karnataka is known as the ‘Land of Gold’ because of the Kolar Gold Mines located in that area.
- Kolar Gold Field was the first gold mine in India in the 2nd and 3rd centuries. Small pits of gold were dug at that time and the mine was set up much later.
- There are several headquarters of various gold mines. Well, the Kolar Gold Mines are taken care of by the Bharat Gold Mines as of now.
These are some key points regarding the Kolar Gold Mines. The first-ever gold mines were the KGF which were closed due to economic reasons but still Bharat Gold Mines managed to operate the KGF despite its water and shelter scarcity. The KGF is still working thereby producing gold in their mines.