Full Form of India
India is one of the most densely populated and seventh largest (by land area) countries in the world. With a population of over a billion people, it is also one of the influential, powerful and democratic countries. India has other names as well, which are Bharat and Hindustan. You would be amused to know that India does not have any full form, not an acronym. But on the Internet, you will find various interesting and funny, full forms unlike:
This tutorial will briefly cover the overview, locations and interesting facts and other detailed information related to India.
Overview of India
India or Republic of India (official name) is a country located in South Asia and bounded by the Indian Ocean in its south direction, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on its southeast direction. India's name is derived from the name Indus (name of a river), which itself originated from the ancient Persian term 'Hindu', from Sanskrit Sindhu. Back then, Greeks used the ‘Indoi’ to name the country (because it was located on the other side of the river Indus). Later on, it was modified as India.
The overviews of India are as follows:
|Motto||"Satyameva Jayate" or "Truth Alone Triumphs”|
|Religion||Hinduism (79.8% )Islam (14.2% )Christianity (2.3% )Sikhism (1.7% )Buddhism (0.7%)Jainism (0.4% )Unaffiliated (0.23% )others (0.65%)|
|Spoken languages||447 languages|
|Area||3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)|
|Date of Independence||15 August 1947|
|Population||Lok SabhaRajya Sabha|
|Membership||UNWTOBRICSSAARCSCOG4 nationsGroup of FiveG8+5G20Commonwealth of Nations|
|Current||INR (Indian Rupee)|
|Time Zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN|
Indian History and Origin
Indian history is full of incredible stories of various civilizations, religions and cultures which date back to the paleolithic period. Indian civilization is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Various evidence of cave painting and ancient stone tools has discovered that the earliest signs of human activity occurred in India between 400,000 and 200,000 BC.
- Harappan civilization
The Harappan people were the first civilization to walk into India's lands near the Indus river and existed throughout the first thousand years BC. The Harappan people introduced their writing system, advanced social and economic system and impressive urban cities and architecture. Later, this civilization collapsed around 1500 BC due to floods and other natural disasters.
- Vedic Aryans
Vedic Aryans were initial migrants who spoke Sanskrit and were determined to stay true to their tribal identity. The name Vedic was derived from four sacred texts or Vedas (the oldest Hindu script) that has revealed the lives and believes of this civilization. Vedic civilization has spread their culture across India around 1000 BC. During the 4th century BC, this civilization flourished under Chandragupta Maurya's rule and formed the first Indian imperial power, i.e., the Mauryan Empire. Eventually, the Mauryan Empire dissolved in the 2nd century BC after the brutal murder of Brihadratha (last line of the Mauryan empire) by his commander of the chief.
Later many dynasties were formed and declined, including the Shunga dynasty (founded in 185 BC) and the Gupta empire, which ruled over centuries and eventually reached a point of decline between the 5th and 6th centuries,
- Delhi Sultanate Dynasties
The next major shakeup of the Indian civilization came with the arrival of Islam. The Rajput stood as one of the most determined defenders against Sultan invaders. Still, they were ultimately defeated in 1192 by Muhammad Ghori at his forces as Islam began to work its way into India. Other previously principle religions such as Buddhism began to decline. By the start of the 13th century, the era of the Delhi Sultanate Dominion arose. The following table describes the dynasties of the Delhi Sultanate:
|Name of the Dynasty||Begun at||Declined at|
- Mughal Dynasty
Zahir-ad-Dia Muhammad Babur killed the last heir of the Lodi dynasty and established the Mughal dynasty in the early 16th century, which is of the greatest dynasties throughout history. The Mughal Dynasties ruled over two centuries and brought about significant cultural growth and architectural achievements, including the Great Taj Mahal. Despite their immense success, the Mughal Empire began its decline around the start of the 18th century's revolt after the revolt began to shake the foundations of the widespread power alongside threats from the Marathas and the British.
- British East India
By 1857 Indians displayed increasing control by the East India Company, and the locals were having none of it. On November 1, 1858, Britain's Queen Victoria declared that "India would be ruled in the name of the British Crown". The next major move towards independence came with Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress decided to withdraw all cooperation with the British government beginning the non-cooperation movement following the end of World War I. When this strategy did not bring the Wanted results, Gandhi adopted the civil disobedience movement and the Quit India movement. But both these techniques made no drastic progress.
- Independent India
During the Second World War, India was forced into war by the British. Still, after the conflict, a New Labour party came into power in India and sympathized with the fight for independence. Finally, on August 15th, 1947, India became an independent nation.
Interesting Facts about India
Indian culture history is very complex and is based on 4,500 years of predominantly Hindu philosophy and theology. India is an incredible country that has influenced medicine, art, literature, science potentially more than any other country. The top ten interesting facts about India are as follows:
- The concept of Shampoo was invented in the 16th century in India. Indians practiced the use of various herbs and natural ingredients for massaging and cleaning the scalp and hair. Later, when travelers and visitors came to India, they loved the exercise and carried the concept of shampooing back with them to Europe and later on, it became across the world.
- Diamonds, one of the world's expensive and precious stones, were first mined in India and back then, India was the most prolific diamond mining country in the world. In the 13th century, the world-famous Kohinoor stone was discovered by India. Later on, the 793-carat jewel passed from person to person and during the British Ran was finally taken by Queen Victoria to Europe.
- Elephants in Kerala are considered as the sacred animals, possess a significant feature in Kerala's temple, processions. Unlike humans, Elephants have a proper spa center. The 'Pune so Arcada' elephant yard is a rejuvenation center that gives elephants showers, massages, and comforting spa sessions. The SPA center feeds to 59 customers and is a way of returning to the sacred animal.
- India is famous for its religion and religious gathering, which is so massive that it can be seen from space. 'Kumbh Mella' is a Hindu pilgrimage that occurs at four river-bank pilgrimage sites: Allahabad, Haridwar, Nashik, and Ujjain after every cycle of 12 years. The chief event includes ritualistic bathing in Ganga, sacred singing, religious dialogue and feeding to the poor. As per the survey, this event is attended by 75 million, making it the biggest pilgrimage in the world
- Ancient Indian civilization is dynamic and one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Some people consider ancient Greece and ancient Egypt, but Indian civilization dates back to 2400 BC and heads to the beginning of human civilization. It split into 16 monarchies known as Mahajanapadas. The most medieval Hindu texts were inscribed between 2500 BC, and the first text was written on science, medicine and astronomy. The entire world owes the digit '0' to Indian mathematics, 'Aryabhatta'.
- India is a land that is not significant to one religion. Here reside people from Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism, and other religious communities, with the most dominant Hinduism (comprising 80%population) and Islam (comprising 14% of the population). Unlike other countries, India also doesn't have any particular national language because 1652 languages are spoken across different domains.
- Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders that are universally admired, is located in India. It includes and extends on design traditions of Persian, Islamic patterns and ancient Mughal construction. During the second world war, when air attacks threatened India, the Indian government used the scaffolding technique to hide the Taj Mahal and preserve its heritage. In its symmetrical dimensions and its fluid inclusion of beautiful elements, the Taj Mahal is recognized as the finest specimen of Mughal architecture. In 1983, the monument was also designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
- India is the country of many grateful inventions, including the concept of navigation, Yoga and its benefits, the world's cheapest the car and thorium-based nuclear power.
- Indian Royalty, resorts, opulent palaces and luxury treatment is praised globally. Great personalities from all over the world visit India's famous palaces and resorts.
- Indian medical and medicines are popular worldwide. It is the land that has given the world the concept of Plastic Surgery. During the 6th century, an Indian named Sushruta Samhita wrote the first medical texts related to plastic surgery in ancient Sanskrit.