C++ Tutorial

C++ Introduction

C++ is an object-oriented programming language. It was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at AT&T Bell Laboratories. It is superset (extension) of C programming language.

Depending upon features supported by programming languages, they are classified into two different categories:

  1. Object-based programming languages
  2. Object-oriented programming languages

Object-based programming language

The language that supports programming using objects is called object-based programming language. Important features of object-based programming languages are:

  • Data encapsulation
  • Data hiding
  • Operator overloading
  • Automatic initialization

Object-oriented programming language

Object-oriented programming supports the features of object-based programming along with inheritance and dynamic binding.

C++ fully supports object-oriented programming. To understand Object-Oriented programming, we need to know the concept of a major pillar of it:

  1. Object
  2. Class
  3. Data abstraction
  4. Encapsulation
  5. Polymorphism
  6. Inheritance
  7. Dynamic binding
  8. Message passing

C++ is not a pure object-oriented language. Object-oriented means working with object and class, but in C++ program can be written without using class.

C++ Usages

C++ program is applied in a large number of different sector. Some of them are as follow:

  • Windows System
  • Real-time system
  • Object-oriented database
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Device driver etc.

C++ Example

We have given online editor option with each C++ example. So, you can edit any example and see the changed output.

Output:

Prerequisite

To learn C++, you must have knowledge of computer fundamentals only.

Audience

This C++ tutorial is written to help beginners and professionals.

C++ Index

C++ Basics

C++ History
C++ Installation
C++ First Program
C++ cin and cout
C++ Data type
C++ Variable
C++ operator
C++ Keywords
C++ OOPs Concepts

C++ Control Statements
C++ If
C++ Nested if
C++ If-else
C++ If-else-if
C++ Switch
C++ Break
C++ Continue
C++ Goto
C++ For loop
C++ While loop
C++ Do while loop

C++ Functions
C++ Call by Value
C++ Call by Reference
C++ Recursion Function
C++ Inline function
C++ Friend function

C++ Arrays
Single dimension array
Two dimension array

C++ Strings
C++ Strings

C++ Inheritance
Single level Inheritance
Multilevel Inheritance
Multiple Inheritance
Hierarchical Inheritance
Hybrid Inheritance

C++ Polymorphism
C++ Polymorphism
C++ Overloading
C++ Overriding
C++ Virtual Function

C++ Pointers
C++ Pointers
C++ this pointer

C++ Exception Handling
C++ Exception Handling

C++ Constructors
C++ Constructors
Default Constructor
Parameterize Constructor
Copy constructor
Constructor Overloading
Destructor

C++ File Handling
C++ File Handling
C++ Writing to file
C++ Reading file
C++ Close file

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