C++ Tutorial Index

C++ Tutorial C++ History C++ Installation C++ First Program C++ cin and cout C++ Data type C++ Variable C++ operator C++ Keywords

C++ Control Statements

C++ If C++ Nested if C++ If-else C++ If-else-if C++ Switch C++ Break C++ Continue C++ Goto C++ For loop C++ While loop C++ Do while loop

C++ Functions

C++ Call by Value C++ Call by Reference C++ Recursion Function C++ Inline function C++ Friend function

C++ Arrays

Single dimension array Two dimension array

C++ Strings

C++ Strings

C++ Inheritance

C++ Inheritance Single level Inheritance Multilevel Inheritance Multiple Inheritance Hierarchical Inheritance Hybrid Inheritance

C++ Polymorphism

C++ Polymorphism C++ Overloading C++ Overriding C++ Virtual Function

C++ Pointers

C++ Pointers C++ this pointer

C++ Exception Handling

C++ Exception Handling

C++ Constructors

C++ Constructors Default Constructor Parameterize Constructor Copy constructor Constructor Overloading Destructor

C++ File Handling

C++ File Handling C++ Writing to file C++ Reading file C++ Close file

Miscellaneous

C Vs C++ C++ Comments C++ Data Abstraction C++ Identifier C++ Memory Management C++ Storage Classes C++ Void Pointer C++ Array To Function C++ Expressions C++ Features C++ Interfaces C++ Encapsulation std::min in C++ External merge sort in C++ Remove duplicates from sorted array in C++ Precision of floating point numbers Using these functions floor(), ceil(), trunc(), round() and setprecision() in C++ C++ References C++ Friend Functions C++ Mutable keyword Unary Operators in C++ Initialize Array of objects with parameterized constructors in C++ Differences between #define & const in C/C++ C++ Program to Implement Shell Sort C++ Program to Implement Merge Sort Storage Classes in C Vector resize() in C++ Passing by Reference Vs. Passing by the pointer in C++ Free vs delete() in C++ goto statement in C and C++ C++ program to read string using cin.getline() C++ String Concatenation Heap Sort in C++ Swap numbers in C++ Input Iterators in C++ Fibonacci Series in C++ C ++ Program: Alphabet Triangle and Number Triangle C++ Program: Matrix Multiplication C++ Program to Print Fibonacci Triangle Stack in C++ Maps in C++ Queue in C++ C++ Bitset C++ Algorithms Priority Queue in C++ C++ Multimap C++ Deque Function Pointer in C++ Sizeof() Operators in C++ C++ array of Pointers free() Vs delete in C Timsort Implementation Using C++ CPP Templates C++ Aggregation C++ Enumeration C++ Math Functions C++ Object Class C++ Queue Initialize Vector in C++ Vector in C++ C++ STL Components Function overloading in C++ C++ Maximum Index Problem C++ find missing in the second array C++ Program to find the product array puzzle C++ Program To Find Largest Subarray With 0 Sum C++ Program To Move All Zeros To The End Of The Array C++ Program to find the element that occurs once C++ Program to find the largest number formed from an array Constructor Vs Destructor C++ Namespaces C++ OOPs Concept C++ Static C++ Structs C++ Try-Catch C++ User Defined Exceptions C++ Virtual Destructor C++ vs C# Malloc() and new in C++ Palindrome Number Program in C++ Snake Code in C++ Splitting a string in C++ Structure Vs Class in C++ Virtual Function Vs Pure Virtual Function C++ Bidirectional Iterators C++ Forward Iterators C++ Iterators C++ Output Iterators C++ Range-based For Loop Converting string into integer in C++ LCM Program in C++ Type conversion in C++ Add two numbers using the function in C++ Advantage and disadvantage friend function C++ Armstrong Number Program in C++ ATM machine program in C++ using functions Binary to Decimal in C++ Bit Manipulation in C++ C++ Constructor C++ Dijkstra Algorithm Using the Priority Queue C++ int into String C++ Signal Handling Decimal to Binary in C++ Decimal to Hexadecimal in C++ Decimal to Octal in C++ Factorial Program in C++ Function in C++ Hexadecimal to Decimal in C++ Octal to Decimal in C++ Reverse a Number in C++ Structure Vs Class in C++ C++ Forward Iterators C++ Output Iterators C++ Prime number program Char Array to String in C++ Constructor Overloading in C++ Default arguments in C++ Different Ways to Compare Strings in C++ Dynamic Binding in C++ Program to convert infix to postfix expression in C++ SET Data Structure in C++ Upcasting and Downcasting in C++ Reverse an Array in C++ Fast Input and Output in C++ Delete Operator in C++ Copy elision in C++ C++ Date and Time C++ Bitwise XOR Operator Array of sets in C++ Binary Operator Overloading in C++ Binary Search in C++ Implementing the sets without C++ STL containers Scope Resolution Operator in C++ Smart pointers in C++ Types of polymorphism in C++ Exception Handling in C++ vs Java Const Keyword in C++ Type Casting in C++ Static keyword in C++ vs Java Inheritance in C++ vs Java How to concatenate two strings in C++ Programs to Print Pyramid Patterns in C++ swap() function in C++ Structure of C++ Program Stringstream in C++ and its applications rand() and srand() in C / C++ C++ Ternary Operator C++ Scope of Variables While Loop Examples in C++ Star pattern in C++ using For Loops For Loop Examples in C++ Do-While Loop Examples in C++ Top 5 IDEs for C++ That You Should Try Once Assertions in C/C++ C++ Convert Int to String Continue in C++ While loop Diamond Pattern in C++ using For Loop How to Reverse a String in C++ using Do-While Loop How to Reverse a String in C++ using For Loop How to Reverse a String in C++ using While Loop Infinite loop in C++ Loops in C++

C++ Bitwise XOR Operator

Exclusive OR is another name for the bitwise XOR operator. The ‘^’ is used to indicate it. It operates at the bit level of the operands, as the name implies. Bitwise XOR operator has come under the domain of Bitwise operators. Two operands are required for the OR special operating system (XOR), and these two operands are separated by an XOR symbol, namely ‘^’. The logical truth table of the XOR operator must be followed to ascertain the output or result obtained after applying the XOR operator to two operands. The reason for the XOR operator is that if the XOR operation is performed on two different servants of two operands, the result will always be '1', but if the XOR operation is performed on two identical pieces of two operands, the result will always be the same be '0'.

Truth Table

Let's say there are two operands: X and Y. The total number of input combinations created by these two operands will be four. The matching output will be determined using the XOR truth table below. C will be used to represent the result, where Z = X ^ Y.

The input to this truth table is in the form of bits, i.e., 0 and 1, and the output will likewise be in the form of bits, i.e., 0 and 1.

The XOR Truth Table is a mathematical table created utilizing the XOR operator's correct logic.

XYZ =  X ^ Y
000
011
101
110

In the following XOR Truth table, we can see that when the operands X and Y have different values, such as (0, 1), (1, 0), the result will always be 1. And when the operands X and Y have the same values, such as (0, 0), (1, 1), the result will always be 0.

Similarly, we may build the truth table for Boolean values in similar manner. Let's say there are two operands: one is X and the other is Y. The total number of input combinations created by these two operands will be four. The matching output will be determined using the XOR truth table below. The outcome will be expressed as Z, where Z = X Y. In this truth table, we're taking input in the form of True (T) and False (F) values (F). True values, i.e. T and F, will also be created as part of the output.

XYZ = X ^ Y
FFF
FTT
TFT
TTF

In the XOR Truth table above, we can see that when the operands X and Y have different values, i.e. (False, True), (True, False), the result is always True. And when the operands X and Y have the identical values, i.e. (False, False), (True, True), the result is always False.

Example:

#include < iostream >  
#include < bits/stdc++.h >
#include < stdlib >
#include < stdio >
#include < math >
using namespace std ;  
int main ()  
{  
    int a , b , c ; // Initializing integer variables to store data values  
    cout << "Enter values of a and b -> " << endl ;  
    cout << "a: " ;  
    cin >> a ; // taking a as input from user  
    cout << "b: " ;  
    cin >> b ; // taking b as input from user  
    c = a ^ b ; // storing XOR result of a and b in c  
    cout << "Applying XOR operation on a and b: "<< endl ;  
    cout << "a ^ b = " << c << endl ; // Printing the output  
return 0 ; 
}  

OUTPUT:

Enter the value of a and b ->
a: 20
b: 30
Applying XOR Operation on a and b
a ^ b = 10
……………………………………………………
Process executed in 3.22 seconds
Press any key to continue.

Explanation:

In the above example of a program in C++ we have demonstrated the bitwise XOR.

Find the exclusive OR of three integer values: three and fifteen. Also, explain the situation and write the C++ code for execution:

#include < bits/stdc++.h >
#include < stdlib >
#include < stdio >
#include < math >
#include< iostream >  
using namespace std ;  
int main ( )  
{  
    int a , b , c ;  // Initializing integer variables to store data values  
    cout << "Enter values of a and b -> " << endl ;  
    cout << "a: " ;  
    cin >> a ;  // taking a as input from user  
    cout << "b: " ;  
    cin >> b ; // taking b as input from user  
    c = a ^ b ;  // storing XOR result of a and b in c  
    cout << "Applying XOR operation on a and b: "<< endl ;  
    cout << "a ^ b = " << c << endl ;  // Printing the output  
  return 0;
}

OUTPUT:

Enter the value of a and b ->
a: 20
b: 10
Applying XOR Operation on a and b
a ^ b = 30
……………………………………………………
Process executed in 3.22 seconds
Press any key to continue.

Explanation:

In the above example of a program in C++ we have demonstrated the bitwise XOR.



ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT