C++ Tutorial Index

C++ Tutorial C++ History C++ Installation C++ First Program C++ cin and cout C++ Data type C++ Variable C++ operator C++ Keywords

C++ Control Statements

C++ If C++ Nested if C++ If-else C++ If-else-if C++ Switch C++ Break C++ Continue C++ Goto C++ For loop C++ While loop C++ Do while loop

C++ Functions

C++ Call by Value C++ Call by Reference C++ Recursion Function C++ Inline function C++ Friend function

C++ Arrays

Single dimension array Two dimension array

C++ Strings

C++ Strings

C++ Inheritance

C++ Inheritance Single level Inheritance Multilevel Inheritance Multiple Inheritance Hierarchical Inheritance Hybrid Inheritance

C++ Polymorphism

C++ Polymorphism C++ Overloading C++ Overriding C++ Virtual Function

C++ Pointers

C++ Pointers C++ this pointer

C++ Exception Handling

C++ Exception Handling

C++ Constructors

C++ Constructors Default Constructor Parameterize Constructor Copy constructor Constructor Overloading Destructor

C++ File Handling

C++ File Handling C++ Writing to file C++ Reading file C++ Close file

Miscellaneous

C Vs C++ C++ Comments C++ Data Abstraction C++ Identifier C++ Memory Management C++ Storage Classes C++ Void Pointer C++ Array To Function C++ Expressions C++ Features C++ Interfaces C++ Encapsulation std::min in C++ External merge sort in C++ Remove duplicates from sorted array in C++ Precision of floating point numbers Using these functions floor(), ceil(), trunc(), round() and setprecision() in C++ C++ References C++ Friend Functions C++ Mutable keyword Unary Operators in C++ Initialize Array of objects with parameterized constructors in C++ Differences between #define & const in C/C++ C++ Program to Implement Shell Sort C++ Program to Implement Merge Sort Storage Classes in C Vector resize() in C++ Passing by Reference Vs. Passing by the pointer in C++ Free vs delete() in C++ goto statement in C and C++ C++ program to read string using cin.getline() C++ String Concatenation Heap Sort in C++ Swap numbers in C++ Input Iterators in C++ Fibonacci Series in C++ C ++ Program: Alphabet Triangle and Number Triangle C++ Program: Matrix Multiplication C++ Program to Print Fibonacci Triangle Stack in C++ Maps in C++ Queue in C++ C++ Bitset C++ Algorithms Priority Queue in C++ C++ Multimap C++ Deque Function Pointer in C++ Sizeof() Operators in C++ C++ array of Pointers free() Vs delete in C Timsort Implementation Using C++ CPP Templates C++ Aggregation C++ Enumeration C++ Math Functions C++ Object Class C++ Queue Initialize Vector in C++ Vector in C++ C++ STL Components Function overloading in C++ C++ Maximum Index Problem C++ find missing in the second array C++ Program to find the product array puzzle C++ Program To Find Largest Subarray With 0 Sum C++ Program To Move All Zeros To The End Of The Array C++ Program to find the element that occurs once C++ Program to find the largest number formed from an array Constructor Vs Destructor C++ Namespaces C++ OOPs Concept C++ Static C++ Structs C++ Try-Catch C++ User Defined Exceptions C++ Virtual Destructor C++ vs C# Malloc() and new in C++ Palindrome Number Program in C++ Snake Code in C++ Splitting a string in C++ Structure Vs Class in C++ Virtual Function Vs Pure Virtual Function C++ Bidirectional Iterators C++ Forward Iterators C++ Iterators C++ Output Iterators C++ Range-based For Loop Converting string into integer in C++ LCM Program in C++ Type conversion in C++ Add two numbers using the function in C++ Advantage and disadvantage friend function C++ Armstrong Number Program in C++ ATM machine program in C++ using functions Binary to Decimal in C++ Bit Manipulation in C++ C++ Constructor C++ Dijkstra Algorithm Using the Priority Queue C++ int into String C++ Signal Handling Decimal to Binary in C++ Decimal to Hexadecimal in C++ Decimal to Octal in C++ Factorial Program in C++ Function in C++ Hexadecimal to Decimal in C++ Octal to Decimal in C++ Reverse a Number in C++ Structure Vs Class in C++ C++ Forward Iterators C++ Output Iterators C++ Prime number program Constructor Overloading in C++ Different Ways to Compare Strings in C++ Program to convert infix to postfix expression in C++ SET Data Structure in C++ Upcasting and Downcasting in C++ Reverse an Array in C++ Fast Input and Output in C++ Delete Operator in C++ Copy elision in C++ C++ Date and Time C++ Bitwise XOR Operator Array of sets in C++ Binary Operator Overloading in C++ Binary Search in C++ Implementing the sets without C++ STL containers Scope Resolution Operator in C++ Smart pointers in C++ Types of polymorphism in C++

C++ Expressions

C ++ equations are made up of operators, constants and variables arranged according to language rules. It may also include function calls that give results. To calculate the value, the expression may contain one or more operands and zero or more operators. Each expression generates a value, which is then assigned to the variable using the assignment operator.

C++ expression examples:

(i+j) - k  
(i/j) -k  
9i4 - 6j +k  
(i+j) * (i+j) 

There are several sorts of expressions:

C++ Expressions
  • Constant expressions
  • Integral expressions
  • Float expressions
  • Pointer expressions
  • Relational expressions
  • Logical expressions
  • Bitwise expressions
  • Special assignment expressions

Compound expressions are expressions that are made up of a mixture of the aforementioned expressions.

Constant Expressions

A constant expression is one in which all values are constant. It is a kind of expression whose value is determined at compile time but is evaluated at run time. Integers, letters, floating-point and calculation constants can all be used.

In the following scenarios, constants are used:

  • It is used to describe the array bounded in a subscript declaratory.
  • In the switch statement, it comes after the case keyword.
  • That is the value of the number in the calculation.
  • It determines the width of the bit-field.
  • It is used in #if preprocessors.

In the above cases ,continuous equations with integers, letters, and calculation constants can be used. To specify the function-scope, we can use static and external keywords with constants.

Example of a program containing constant expressions:

#include <iostream>
#include <bits/sdtc++.h>
using namespace std;  
int main()  
{  
    int i;        // variable declaration.  
    i=(10/2) + 5;  // constant expression  
    cout<<"Value of i is : "<<i;  // displaying the value of i.  
    return 0;  
} 

OUTPUT:

Value of i is : 10

Integral expression

After executing all of the explicit and implicit conversions, an integer expression delivers the integer value as output.

(i * j) -10        
i + int(18.0)  
where i and j are the integers.  

Example of Integral Expression:

#include <iostream>
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;  
int main()  
{  
    int i;  // variable declaration.  
    int j;  // variable declaration  
    int k;  // variable declaration  
    cout<<"enter the values of i and j";  
    cin>>i>>j;  
    k=i+j;  
    cout<<"\n"<<"Value of k is :"<<k; //  displaying the value of k.  
    return 0;  
}

OUTPUT:

Value of k is: 20    // i,j=10;

Explanation:

We've defined three variables in the code above: i, j, and k. After we declare the values of 'i' and 'k', and we take user input for them. We then add the values 'i' and 'j' and save the result in the 'k' variable.

Float Expression

Float expression is an expression that returns a floating-point value as the output, after all explicit and implicit conversions.

i+j  
(i/14) + j  
87.3  
i+float(14)  

Example of a program containing Float Expression:

#include <iostream>
#include <bits/sdtc++.h>
using namespace std;  
int main()  
{  


   float i=18.2;      // variable initialization  
   float j=6.6;      // variable initialization  
   float k;             // variable declaration  
   k=i+j;  
   std::cout <<"Value of k is :"<< k<<std::endl;  // displaying the value of k.  




    return 0;  
} 

OUTPUT:

Value of k is : 24.8

Pointer Expression

A pointer expression is a kind of expression that outputs an address value.

&i  
ptr  
ptr++  
ptr-  

Example of a program containing Pointer Expression:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;  
int main()  
{  


   int i[]={5,10,15,20,25};  // array initialization  
   int *ptr;       // pointer declaration  
   ptr=i;    // assigning base address of array to the pointer ptr  
   ptr=ptr+1;   // incrementing the value of pointer  
   std::cout <<"Value of second element of an array : "<< *ptr<<std::endl;  
   return 0;  
}

OUTPUT:

Value of second element of an array : 10

Explanation:

Arrays and pointers are revealed in the code above ptr. The variable 'ptr' is given the base address. We increase the value of the pointer 'ptr' after assigning the address. When the pointer is raised, 'ptr' will point to another element of the arena.

Relational Expression

A Relational expression is an expression that returns a bull value, which can be true or false. Boolean expression is another name for it. When arithmetic expressions are employed on both sides of the relational operator, the results of the arithmetic expressions are compared first.

i<b  
i-b <= a-b  
i+b>100

Example of a program containing Relational Expression:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;  
int main()  
{  
    int i=50;    // variable declaration  
    int j=100;    // variable declaration  
    bool k= i>j;   // relational expression  
    cout<<"Value of k is :"<<k;  // displaying the value of k.  
    return 0;  
}

OUTPUT:

Value of k is : 0

Explanation:

Two variables, 'i' and 'j' have been defined in the above code. We used the relational operator between them after declaring the variables to see if 'i' is greater than 'j'.

Logical Expression

A logical expression is an expression that combines two or more related expressions to form a bull type value. '&&' and '||' There are logical operators that combine two or more relational expressions.

I<j && X>Y  
i>10 || j==5  

Example of a program containing Logical Expression:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;  
int main()  
{  
 int i=6;  
 int j=9;  
 int k=7;  
cout<<((i>j)||(i>k));  
return 0;  
} 

OUTPUT:

0

Explanation:

We defined 3 variables i, j,& k in the above code. We used logical expression between them after declaring the variables to see if it is true.



ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT