C++ Tutorial Index

C++ Tutorial C++ History C++ Installation C++ First Program C++ cin and cout C++ Data type C++ Variable C++ operator C++ Keywords

C++ Control Statements

C++ If C++ Nested if C++ If-else C++ If-else-if C++ Switch C++ Break C++ Continue C++ Goto C++ For loop C++ While loop C++ Do while loop

C++ Functions

C++ Call by Value C++ Call by Reference C++ Recursion Function C++ Inline function C++ Friend function

C++ Arrays

Single dimension array Two dimension array

C++ Strings

C++ Strings

C++ Inheritance

C++ Inheritance Single level Inheritance Multilevel Inheritance Multiple Inheritance Hierarchical Inheritance Hybrid Inheritance

C++ Polymorphism

C++ Polymorphism C++ Overloading C++ Overriding C++ Virtual Function

C++ Pointers

C++ Pointers C++ this pointer

C++ Exception Handling

C++ Exception Handling

C++ Constructors

C++ Constructors Default Constructor Parameterize Constructor Copy constructor Constructor Overloading Destructor

C++ File Handling

C++ File Handling C++ Writing to file C++ Reading file C++ Close file


C Vs C++ C++ Comments C++ Data Abstraction C++ Identifier C++ Memory Management C++ Storage Classes C++ Void Pointer C++ Array To Function C++ Expressions C++ Features C++ Interfaces C++ Encapsulation std::min in C++ External merge sort in C++ Remove duplicates from sorted array in C++ Precision of floating point numbers Using these functions floor(), ceil(), trunc(), round() and setprecision() in C++ C++ References C++ Friend Functions C++ Mutable keyword Unary Operators in C++ Initialize Array of objects with parameterized constructors in C++ Differences between #define & const in C/C++ C++ Program to Implement Shell Sort C++ Program to Implement Merge Sort Storage Classes in C Vector resize() in C++ Passing by Reference Vs. Passing by the pointer in C++ Free vs delete() in C++ goto statement in C and C++ C++ program to read string using cin.getline() C++ String Concatenation Heap Sort in C++ Swap numbers in C++ Input Iterators in C++ Fibonacci Series in C++ C ++ Program: Alphabet Triangle and Number Triangle C++ Program: Matrix Multiplication C++ Program to Print Fibonacci Triangle Stack in C++ Maps in C++ Queue in C++ C++ Bitset C++ Algorithms Priority Queue in C++ C++ Multimap C++ Deque Function Pointer in C++ Sizeof() Operators in C++ C++ array of Pointers free() Vs delete in C Timsort Implementation Using C++ CPP Templates C++ Aggregation C++ Enumeration C++ Math Functions C++ Object Class C++ Queue Initialize Vector in C++ Vector in C++ C++ STL Components Function overloading in C++ C++ Maximum Index Problem C++ find missing in the second array C++ Program to find the product array puzzle C++ Program To Find Largest Subarray With 0 Sum C++ Program To Move All Zeros To The End Of The Array C++ Program to find the element that occurs once C++ Program to find the largest number formed from an array Constructor Vs Destructor C++ Namespaces C++ OOPs Concept C++ Static C++ Structs C++ Try-Catch C++ User Defined Exceptions C++ Virtual Destructor C++ vs C# Malloc() and new in C++ Palindrome Number Program in C++ Snake Code in C++ Splitting a string in C++ Structure Vs Class in C++ Virtual Function Vs Pure Virtual Function C++ Bidirectional Iterators C++ Forward Iterators C++ Iterators C++ Output Iterators C++ Range-based For Loop Converting string into integer in C++ LCM Program in C++ Type conversion in C++ Add two numbers using the function in C++ Advantage and disadvantage friend function C++ Armstrong Number Program in C++ ATM machine program in C++ using functions Binary to Decimal in C++ Bit Manipulation in C++ C++ Constructor C++ Dijkstra Algorithm Using the Priority Queue C++ int into String C++ Signal Handling Decimal to Binary in C++ Decimal to Hexadecimal in C++ Decimal to Octal in C++ Factorial Program in C++ Function in C++ Hexadecimal to Decimal in C++ Octal to Decimal in C++ Reverse a Number in C++ Structure Vs Class in C++ C++ Forward Iterators C++ Output Iterators C++ Prime number program Char Array to String in C++ Constructor Overloading in C++ Default arguments in C++ Different Ways to Compare Strings in C++ Dynamic Binding in C++ Program to convert infix to postfix expression in C++ SET Data Structure in C++ Upcasting and Downcasting in C++ Reverse an Array in C++ Fast Input and Output in C++ Delete Operator in C++ Copy elision in C++ C++ Date and Time C++ Bitwise XOR Operator Array of sets in C++ Binary Operator Overloading in C++ Binary Search in C++ Implementing the sets without C++ STL containers Scope Resolution Operator in C++ Smart pointers in C++ Types of polymorphism in C++ Exception Handling in C++ vs Java Const Keyword in C++ Type Casting in C++ Static keyword in C++ vs Java Inheritance in C++ vs Java How to concatenate two strings in C++ Programs to Print Pyramid Patterns in C++ swap() function in C++ Structure of C++ Program Stringstream in C++ and its applications rand() and srand() in C / C++ C++ Ternary Operator C++ Scope of Variables While Loop Examples in C++ Star pattern in C++ using For Loops For Loop Examples in C++ Do-While Loop Examples in C++ Top 5 IDEs for C++ That You Should Try Once Assertions in C/C++ C++ Convert Int to String Continue in C++ While loop Diamond Pattern in C++ using For Loop How to Reverse a String in C++ using Do-While Loop How to Reverse a String in C++ using For Loop How to Reverse a String in C++ using While Loop Infinite loop in C++ Loops in C++ Returning Multiple Values from a Function using Tuple and Pair in C++ wcscpy(), wcslen(), wcscmp() Functions in C++ Auto keyword in C++ C++ 11 vs C++ 14 vs C++ 17 C++ STL (Standard Template Library) Differences Between C Structures and C++ Structures Divide by Zero Exception in C++ Dynamic Constructor in C++ Dynamic Memory Allocation in C++ Find the Size of Array in C/C++ without using sizeof() function Floating Point Operations and Associativity in C, C++ and Java Hello World Program in C++ How to create a table in C++ How to Setup Environment for C++ Programming on Mac Implementation of a Falling Matrix in C++ Message Passing in C++ Pointer to Object in C++ Templates in C++ vs Generics in Java Ways to Copy a Vector in C++ What does Buffer Flush mean in C++ sort() function in C++ Structure Sorting (By Multiple Rules) in C++ Similarities between C++ and Java std::distance in C++ Array program in C++ C++ Tricks for Competitive Programming Desired Capabilities in Selenium Web Driver in C++ Socket Programming in C++ Template Specialization in C++ Classes and Objects in C++ Convex hull Algorithm in C++ DES in C++ C++ vardiac() function Difference between Two Sets in C++ Difference between Exit and Return Structured Binding in C++ Differences between Local and Global Variable Bitwise Operator vs Logical Operator Difference between OOP and POP in C++ Fork in C++ Functors in C++ How to call a void function in C++ How to create a directory or folder in C/C++ How to create a library in C++ How to create a stack in C++ How to create the Processes with Fork in C++ How to Handle Divide by Zero Exception in C++ Lambda Expression in C++ Pattern programs in C++ Roadmap to C++ Programming Substring in C++ Virtual base class in C++ Bits stdc++.h in C++ Top 14 Best Free C++ IDE (Editor & Compiler) for Windows in 2022 Bitmasking in C++ Auto Keyword in C++ Features of OOPS in C++ Hospital Management Project in C++ How to Declare Unordered Sets in C++ How to Sort an Array in C++ Include Guards in C++ Iostream in C++ Method overriding in C++ How to run program in turbo c++ How to Use Getline in C++ Leap Year Program in C++ Naming Convention in C++ New Operator in C++ Nullptr in C++ Object Slicing in C++ Principles of Object-Oriented Programming in C++ Processing strings using std string stream in C++ Pure Virtual Function in C++ With Example Program Random Number Generator in C++ Singleton Design Pattern in C++ Size_t Data Type in C++ Skyline Problem in C++ System() function in C++ Web Development in C++ Data Hiding in C++ Difference between exit() and _Exit() in C++ Hashing in C++ Object in C++ Sum of all Elements between k1’th and k2’th Smallest Elements Virtual class in C++ Vector Size in C++ Top best IDEs for C/C++ Developers in 2022 Tensorflow in C++ Sliding Window Technique in C++ Reverse String Word-Wise in C++ Returning a Function Pointer from a Function in C/C++ RTTI in C++ Pthreads or POSIX Threads in C++ Reserved Keywords in C++ Passing a Vector to a function in C++ 10 Best C and C++ Books for Beginners & Advanced Programmers Add two numbers represented by two arrays in C++ Array of Object in C++ C++ Program For FCFS Containership in C++ Counting Frequencies of Array Elements in C++ Decltype type Specifier in C++ Dynamic _Cast in C++ Difference between int main() and int main(void) in C/C++ Depth First Search Program to Traverse a Graph in C++ Features and Use Of Pointers in C/C++ Fread Function in C++ Programming Fscanf Function in The C++ Functions in C++ With Types and Examples Gmtime Function in C/C++ How is Multiset Implemented in C++ How to Build a Program in C++ How to Declare a 2d Array Dynamically in C++ inheritance Program in C++ int Max and int Min in C/C++ is It Fine to Write Void Main Or Main in C/C++ How to create a button in C++ abs() function in C++ Compile Time Polymorphism in C++ Division in C++ Factorial of a Number in C++ using while Loop Multiset in C++ 4 Pillars of OOPs Approach in C++ Backtracking Time Complexity in C++ C++ Global Variable C++ Pipe Tutorial Observer Design Pattern in C++ Private Inheritance in C++ Pthread in C++ Parameters SDL library in C++ with Examples Pointers in C++ Abstract Factory Design Pattern in C++

C++ vs C#

What exactly is C++ programming?

Bjorne Stroustrup is the creator of the C++ programming language. His goal was to create a powerful object-oriented programming language with the capabilities of C. It was originally dubbed C with Classes because it combined object orientation and class capabilities. It is an intermediate language since it encompasses both high-level and low-level language. Because C++ is merely an expanded version of C, it is easy to learn. If you prefer object-oriented programming, you may start with C++.

C++ is a programming language that allows for multiple inheritances, or the inheritance of many classes from a single base class. For example, the 'category a' system can benefit from both 'category b' and 'category c' to combine performance in both categories in one place. C++ comes with a slew of libraries based on the Standard Template Library that cover all of a program's fundamental functionalities.

C++'s characteristics

C++ Vs C#
  • Object-Oriented Programming: C ++, as mentioned earlier, is an object-oriented planning language. It promotes fast program writing and makes it easy to alter code as needed without disrupting the overall structure. It improves code readability and debugging, giving significant value to real-time issue solutions.
  • C++ is a machine-independent programming language: C++ program may be developed once and executed on every platform, including Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and others. It is, however, machine-independent rather than platform-independent. This implies it generates a unique.exe file for each platform.
  • C++ is a user-friendly language with a syntax that closely resembles C. Deconstructing and understanding a program is also simple.
  • It is encapsulated with both high-level and low-level programming languages. It comes close to being readable by humans.
  • C++ is a compiler-based language that is more efficient than other object-oriented languages like Python and R.
  • Unused memory of variables in the system is provided directly by the variable memory allocation.
  • C++ features integration tools like code optimizers, program visualizes, and incremental compilers that may make working with the language easier.

What exactly is C# programming?

C++ Vs C#

Anders Hjelsberg created the C# programming language, sometimes known as C Sharp. It was first known as 'Cool,' but was eventually called C Sharp. C Sharp is a high-level object-oriented programming language based on C++. The backbone of C# is C. C#, along with.NET and Visual Studio, was launched by Microsoft.

The C# compilers require a specified set of class libraries in order to work. Additional functionality is provided via class libraries developed on top of the.NET framework.

C#'s characteristics

  • Object-Oriented Programming: C# is a true object-oriented programming language thanks to the.NET framework. It is strengthened by encapsulation, polymorphism, and inheritance.
  • Harmony with other languages: The.NET framework allows users to utilise libraries from other programming languages alongside C#, making code development, management, and deployment easier.
  • C# is a difficult but straightforward language to master: Complex operators are not included.
  • C# is type-safe: because it has access to memory and the ability to execute the program. Arrays are tested quickly and are indexed zero-based.
  • Speed: C# contains several built-in integrations that help developers write code with fewer mistakes, which speeds up the compilation and execution process.
  • C# includes record types: which allow users to build immutable objects that may be used in place of classes and structs.
  • Top-Level Statement: Unlike other C-based languages, C# supports top-level statements. This allows users to omit classes, blocks, voids, and other elements, resulting in shorter code that may be executed.

Important Distinctions

  • C ++ is a medium-level language that extends C with object-focused skills, while C # is a high-level language.
  • C ++ integrates programs into Machine Codes, while C # integrates programs into CLR, or Standard Language activity.
  • When the syntax is followed, C++ does not tell the user if there are any issues before compilation. C# alerts users about compiler problems, which makes the job easier.
  • Programmers in C++ can use pointers at any point in time. Only in unsafe mode may C# programmers utilize pointers.
  • In C++, memory management is done by the programmer manually. Because C# runs on a virtual computer, memory management is handled automatically.

Head Comparison between C# and C++

C++ Vs C#
Type of LanguageC# is an object-oriented programming language.Because it is based on C, C++ includes both a high-level and a low-level language. It is a medium-level language.
Process of CompilationIn ASP.NET, C# compiles applications to the Common Machine Runtime (CLR), which is interpreted by Just In Time (JIT).C++ generates machine code from programs.
Memory AdministrationAutomatic memory management is carried out.Manual memory management is used.
DifficultyIn C#, hierarchy is basic and straightforward.C++ has a lot of difficult-to-understand features.
PlatformOutside of the Windows Operating System, C# is rarely utilized.C++ is utilized on a variety of platforms, including Linux, Windows, and macOS.
Individual ApplicationsIt is not feasible to create independent apps.C++ may create standalone apps or applications that run locally without needing the execution of any other functions.
Object-OrientedC# is an object-oriented programming language.C++ is not an entirely object-oriented programming language.