C++ Tutorial Index

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C++ Control Statements

C++ If C++ Nested if C++ If-else C++ If-else-if C++ Switch C++ Break C++ Continue C++ Goto C++ For loop C++ While loop C++ Do while loop

C++ Functions

C++ Call by Value C++ Call by Reference C++ Recursion Function C++ Inline function C++ Friend function

C++ Arrays

Single dimension array Two dimension array

C++ Strings

C++ Strings

C++ Inheritance

C++ Inheritance Single level Inheritance Multilevel Inheritance Multiple Inheritance Hierarchical Inheritance Hybrid Inheritance

C++ Polymorphism

C++ Polymorphism C++ Overloading C++ Overriding C++ Virtual Function

C++ Pointers

C++ Pointers C++ this pointer

C++ Exception Handling

C++ Exception Handling

C++ Constructors

C++ Constructors Default Constructor Parameterize Constructor Copy constructor Constructor Overloading Destructor

C++ File Handling

C++ File Handling C++ Writing to file C++ Reading file C++ Close file

Miscellaneous

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Passing by the pointer in C++ Free vs delete() in C++ goto statement in C and C++ C++ program to read string using cin.getline() C++ String Concatenation Heap Sort in C++ Swap numbers in C++ Input Iterators in C++ Fibonacci Series in C++ C ++ Program: Alphabet Triangle and Number Triangle C++ Program: Matrix Multiplication C++ Program to Print Fibonacci Triangle Stack in C++ Maps in C++ Queue in C++ C++ Bitset C++ Algorithms Priority Queue in C++ C++ Multimap C++ Deque Function Pointer in C++ Sizeof() Operators in C++ C++ array of Pointers free() Vs delete in C Timsort Implementation Using C++ CPP Templates C++ Aggregation C++ Enumeration C++ Math Functions C++ Object Class C++ Queue Initialize Vector in C++ Vector in C++ C++ STL Components Function overloading in C++ C++ Maximum Index Problem C++ find missing in the second array C++ Program to find the product array puzzle C++ Program To Find Largest Subarray With 0 Sum C++ Program To Move All Zeros To The End Of The Array C++ Program 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How to convert string to float in C++?

In C++, it is sometimes necessary to convert a string to a float data type. It can be done using a simple method provided by the C++ standard library. In this blog post, we will discuss how to convert a string to a float in C++, along with syntax, examples, and output.

Syntax

The syntax to convert a string to a float in C++ is as follows:

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <sstream>


using namespace std;


int main() {
   string str = "3.14";
   float f = 0;
stringstream ss(str);
   ss >> f;
cout<< "Float value is " << f <<endl;
   return 0;
}

Output:

The output of the above code will be:

Float value is 3.14

Explanation:

The above code is a basic example of how to convert a string to a float in C++. Here is a step-by-step explanation of the code:

  1. The necessary header files are included, which are iostream, string, and sstream.
  2. The using namespace std; statement is used to avoid typing std:: before each C++ standard library function call.
  3. The string str = "3.14"; statement initializes a string with a floating-point value of 3.14.
  4. The float f = 0; statement declares a float variable and initializes it to 0.
  5. The stringstream ss(str); statement creates a stringstream object and initializes it with the string str.
  6. The ss >> f; statement extracts the float value from the stringstream object and stores it in the variable f.
  7. Finally, the cout<< "Float value is " << f <<endl; statement outputs the value of f.

Example:

Here is another example that shows how to convert a user input string to a float in C++:

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <sstream>


using namespace std;


int main() {
   string str;
   float f = 0;
cout<< "Enter a floating-point value: ";
getline(cin, str);
stringstream ss(str);
   ss >> f;
cout<< "Float value is " << f <<endl;
   return 0;
}

Output:

The output of the above code will be:

Enter a floating-point value: 2.71828
Float value is 2.71828

Explanation:

In this code, we are taking input from the user using the getline()function and storing it in the str string variable. The stringstream object is then initialized with the str variable, and the float value is extracted and stored in the f variable. The output of the float value is then printed to the console.

When working with data in C++, it is common to encounter situations where a string needs to be converted to a float data type. It could be when parsing data from a file, or when processing user input. The stringstream object provides a simple and efficient way to perform this conversion.

The stringstream object is a class that allows for easy manipulation of strings. It provides the ability to extract values from a string and convert them to a specified data type. It is done using the >> operator, which is the extraction operator.

To convert a string to a float using a stringstream object, the following steps can be taken:

  1. Create a stringstream object and initialize it with the string that needs to be converted to a float.
  2. Declare a float variable to store the converted value.
  3. Use the >> operator to extract the float value from the stringstream object and store it in the float variable.

Example:

Here is a code example that demonstrates this process:

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <sstream>


using namespace std;


int main() {
   string str = "5.67";
   float f = 0.0;
stringstream ss(str);
   ss >> f;
cout<< "The value of f is " << f <<endl;
   return 0;
}

Output:

The output of this code would be:

The value of f is 5.67

Explanation:

In this example, the string "5.67" is stored in the str variable. The stringstream object ss is then created and initialized with str. The float variable f is declared and initialized to 0.0. The >> operator is then used to extract the float value from ss and store it in f. Finally, the value of f is output to the console.

Conclusion

Converting a string to a float in C++ is a simple process that can be accomplished using the stringstream object. The stringstream object can be initialized with a string, and the float value can be extracted and stored in a float variable. In this blog post, we discussed the syntax and provided examples of how to convert a string to a float in C++.