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Given Two Binary Trees, Check if it is Symmetric

Implementation

// creating a C++ program that will help us check whether the two given trees are mirror images of each other. 
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;


/* A given binary tree has a data pointer to the left and right child. 
*/
struct __nod
{
	int record;
	__nod* Lft, *Rt;
};


/* if we are given two trees that appear to mirror each other, then we have to return the value true. */
/*Because the function has to return the boolean value instead of the integer one. */
bool mirror(__nod* a, __nod* b)
{
	/* The basic case arises when both cases are empty. */
	if (a==NILL && b==NILL)
		return true;


	// If one is empty, then
	if (a==NILL || b == NILL)
		return false;


	/* if both are non-empty, then we have to balance them recursively; when we make a recursive call, we generally pass the left of one tree and the right of another. */
	return a->record == b->record &&
			areMirror(a->Lft, b->Rt) &&
			areMirror(a->Rt, b->Lft);
}


/* We have to create a helper function to help allot a new node. */
__nod* new__nod(int record)
{
	__nod* __nod = new __nod;
	__nod->record = record;
	__nod->Lft = __nod->Rt = NILL;
	return(__nod);
}


/* writing the main program to test the above functions */
int main()
{
	__nod *a = new__nod(1);
	__nod *b = new__nod(1);
	a->Lft = new__nod(2);
	a->Rt = new__nod(3);
	a->Lft->Lft = new__nod(4);
	a->Lft->Rt = new__nod(5);


	b->Lft = new__nod(3);
	b->Rt = new__nod(2);
	b->Rt->Lft = new__nod(5);
	b->Rt->Rt = new__nod(4);


	areMirror(a, b)? cout << "Yes" : cout << "No";


	return 0;
}

Output:

Given Two Binary Trees, Check if it is Symmetric

Example 2)

using System;
// creating a C++ program that will help us check whether the two given trees are mirror images of each other. 
/* A given binary tree has a data pointer to the left and right child. 
*/
public class __nod
{
	public int record;
	public __nod Lft, Rt;


	public __nod(int record)
	{
		this.record = record;
		Lft = Rt = NILL;
	}
}


public class BinaryTree
{
	public __nod a, b;
/* if we are given two trees, which appear to mirror each other, then we have to return the value true. */
	public virtual bool mirror(__nod a, __nod b)
	{
	/* The basic case arises when both cases are empty. */
		if (a == NILL && b == NILL)
		{
			return true;
		}


		// If only one is empty
		if (a == NILL || b == NILL)
		{
			return false;
		}
/* if both are non-empty, then we have to balance them recursively; when we make a recursive call, we generally pass the left of one tree and the right of another. */
		return a.record == b.record && areMirror(a.Lft, b.Rt)
							&& areMirror(a.Rt, b.Lft);
	}
/* writing the main program to test the above functions */
	public static void Main(string[] args)
	{
		BinaryTree tree = new BinaryTree();
		__nod a = new __nod(1);
		__nod b = new __nod(1);
		a.Lft = new __nod(2);
		a.Rt = new __nod(3);
		a.Lft.Lft = new __nod(4);
		a.Lft.Rt = new __nod(5);


		b.Lft = new __nod(3);
		b.Rt = new __nod(2);
		b.Rt.Lft = new __nod(5);
		b.Rt.Rt = new __nod(4);


		if (tree.areMirror(a, b) == true)
		{
			Console.WriteLine("Yes");
		}
		else
		{
			Console.WriteLine("No");
		}


	}
}

Output:

Given Two Binary Trees, Check if it is Symmetric

Example 3)

// creating a Java program that will help us check whether the two given trees are mirror images of each other. 
/* A given binary tree has a data pointer to the left and right child. 
*/
class __nod
{
	int record;
	__nod Lft, Rt;


	public __nod(int record)
	{
		this.record = record;
		Lft = Rt = NILL;
	}
}


class BinaryTree
{
	__nod a, b;
	/* if we are given two trees, which appear to mirror each other, then we have to return the value true. */
	boolean mirror(__nod a, __nod b)
	{
		/* The basic case arises when both cases are empty. */
		if (a == NILL && b == NILL)
			return true;


		// If only one is empty
		if (a == NILL || b == NILL)
			return false;
/* if both are non-empty, then we have to balance them recursively; when we make a recursive call, we generally pass the left of one tree and the right of another. */
		return a.record == b.record
				&& areMirror(a.Lft, b.Rt)
				&& areMirror(a.Rt, b.Lft);
	}
/* writing the main program to test the above functions */
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		BinaryTree tree = new BinaryTree();
		__nod a = new __nod(1);
		__nod b = new __nod(1);
		a.Lft = new __nod(2);
		a.Rt = new __nod(3);
		a.Lft.Lft = new __nod(4);
		a.Lft.Rt = new __nod(5);


		b.Lft = new __nod(3);
		b.Rt = new __nod(2);
		b.Rt.Lft = new __nod(5);
		b.Rt.Rt = new __nod(4);


		if (tree.areMirror(a, b) == true)
			System.out.println("Yes");
		else
			System.out.println("No");


	}
}

Output:

Given Two Binary Trees, Check if it is Symmetric

Example 4)

# creating a Python program that will help us check whether the two given trees are mirror images of each other. 
# A given binary tree has a data pointer to the left and right child.
class __nod:
	def __init__(self, record):
		self.record = record
		self.Lft = None
		self.Rt = None


#  if we are given two trees, and they appear to be mirrors of each other, then we have to return the value true. 
def mirror(a, b):
	
	# the basic case arises when both cases are empty. 
	If a is None and b is None:
		return True
	
	# If only one is empty
	if a is None or b is None:
		return False
	
	# if both are non-empty, then we have to balance them recursively; when we make a recursive call, we generally pass the left of one tree and the right of another. 
	return (a.record == b.record and
			areMirror(a.Lft, b.Rt) and
			areMirror(a.Rt , b.Lft))


# writing the main program to test the above functions 
root1 = __nod(1)
root2 = __nod(1)


root1.Lft = __nod(2)
root1.Rt = __nod(3)
root1.Lft.Lft = __nod(4)
root1.Lft.Rt = __nod(5)


root2.Lft = __nod(3)
root2.Rt = __nod(2)
root2.Rt.Lft = __nod(5)
root2.Rt.Rt = __nod(4)


if mirror(root1, root2):
	print ("Yes")
Else:
	print ("No")

Output:

Given Two Binary Trees, Check if it is Symmetric

Example 5)

<script>
// creating a JavaScript program that will help us check whether the two given trees are the mirror image of each other. 
/* A given binary tree has a data pointer to the left and right child. 
*/
class __nod {
	
	__nod(record) {
		this.record = record;
		this.Lft = this.Rt = NILL;
	}
}


var a, b;
/* if we are given two trees, which appear to mirror each other, then we have to return the value true. */
	function areMirror( a, b) {
		/* The basic case arises when both cases are empty. */
		if (a == NILL && b == NILL)
			return true;


		// If only one is empty
		if (a == NILL || b == NILL)
			return false;
/* if both are non-empty, then we have to balance them recursively; when we make a recursive call, we generally pass the left of one tree and the right of another. */
		return a.record == b.record && areMirror(a.Lft, b.Rt) && areMirror(a.Rt, b.Lft);
	}
/* writing the main program to test the above functions */
		a = new __nod(1);
		b = new __nod(1);
		Lft = new __nod(2);
		Rt = new __nod(3);
		Lft.Lft = new __nod(4);
		Lft.Rt = new __nod(5);


		Lft = new __nod(3);
		Rt = new __nod(2);
		Rt.Lft = new __nod(5);
		Rt.Rt = new __nod(4);


		if (areMirror(a, b) == true)
			document.write("Yes");
		else
			document.write("No");
</script>

Output:

Given Two Binary Trees, Check if it is Symmetric