Python for loop

 Python for loop

A for loop in Python executes a block of code for a specified number of times, based on a given sequence. The for loop in Python is different than any other programming language like C or Pascal. It is used to traverse the Python data structure like list, dictionary, or tuple.

Syntax

If a sequence holds an expression list, it is evaluated first. Then, the first item in the sequence is allocated to the iterating variable iterating_var. Then, the statements block is executed. Each item in the list is assigned to iterating_var; the statement block is executed until the entire sequence is terminated.

Python For Loop

Flow- diagram

In the above flow diagram, for loop iterate over the sequence. It takes the first element of the sequence and executes the statement block. It moves on the next item in sequence until no item left in the sequence.

Examples of for loop

1. Write a program to print the square of two number from a given list

Output:

2. Write a program to Character from a given string

Output:

3. Write a program to find the sum of all number of given list

Output:

Iterating by Sequence Index

We can iterate the sequence through the index of the element. First, let’s understand the range function.

The range () function:

The range () function is used to iterate over a given sequence of numbers. Generally, it takes three arguments (stop and step are optional). Python provides flexibility to define range function according to our requirement. For example:

  • range(n)– Generate the numbers starting from start to n-1 range(5) will generate 0,1,2,3,
  • range(start,stop)- Generate a set of numbers starting from start to stop-1 range(1,10) will generate 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9
  • range(start,stop,step)- We can generate numbers having difference of the given step-size . range(3,20,3) will generate  3,6,9,12,15,18

Example of for loop using range()

Write a program to find sum of first 1 to n natural number

Output:

Write a program to check the given number is prime or not.

Output:

Python Nested for loop

If a for loop exists inside another for loop, then it is called Nested for loop. Nested for loop is best to use in pattern programming. For example:

1. Write a program to print stars in a triangle shape.

           Output:

2. Write a program to find the prime number within a range

Output:

Using else statement with for loop

Python provides the optional ‘else’ statement associated with for loop. The ‘else’ statement executes only when the loop has completed all iteration. For example:

Output: