Python has many libraries that are very useful and simplify many complex codes. In the same way, STL is also one of the python libraries used for reading and writing geometry data written in both ASCII and Binary variants of the Stereo Lithography format. Generally, STL is used to prepare solid shapes for 3D printing and other automatic works, and this is the best use for auto-cad 3D CAD applications.
This STL in python has no connections related to STL in C++ cause in python, STL means Stereo Lithography, and in C++, STL means Standard Template Library, so there is no relation between them, so make sure you won't get confused. In this article, we shall study the uses of the STL library in python.
Reading the STL files
All the files that are in the STL format can be read by using a few functions present in the main module of STL. Overall, there are four different functions used to read the STL files, they are:
1) Read STL file in ASCII format
To read this type of file, we use this Function command given below:
This command takes a file like an object and supports a read method, and then returns an (stl.solid) object and that object represents the data from the file.
If the file is invalid, it raises a case like this "stl.ascii.SyntaxError"
2) Read STL file in Binary format
To read this type of file, we use this Function command given below
This command takes a file in an object format, supports a read method to it, and then returns an (stl.solid) object, and that object represents the data present in the file.
If any file is invalid in any way, it raises a case like this "stl. binary.FormatError"
3) Read string data in ASCII format
In this, the function reads the geometry from a string containing the data in the format of ASCII. To read this type of file, we use this Function command given below:
This function acts like a wrapper around the function (read_ascii_file()). This function first wraps the whole string in the form of an object called "StringIO.StringIO."
4) Read string data in binary format
The function reads the geometry from a string containing the data in binary format. To read this type of file, we use this Function command given below
This function acts like a wrapper around the function (read_binary_file()). This function first wraps the whole string in the form of an object called "StringIO.StringIO." Therefore, these are the basic function of reading an STL file. Now let us see how do we write an STL file.
Writing STL Files
To write an STL file, we must build a valid object containing the data, which has to be written in the STL file format. And the object must be in the form of (stl.solid). To write these files, we use two basic commands they are:
- stl.solid.write_ascii() - this command is used to write the file in the ASCII format.
- stl.solid.write_binary() – this command is used to write the file in the binary format.
Now let us take a look at a few data types in the STL library.
Data Types: There are three different data types in STL, which are used to represent data that is read from the file or to be written into an STL file. The three different data types are:
This function represents a solid object that will be an STL file's root element.
class stl.facet(normal, vertices, attributes=None)
This function represents a facet (triangle) from a (stl.solid). In this function, you can represent the length of the side, surface area, and vertices of that object.
this function represents a dimensional vector, including its normal' s and vertices.
This is all about the STL library in python. In this article, so far, we have covered the reading methods in the STL library, the writing methods in the STL library, and all the required data types of the STL library. This library is mainly used by architects while designing a plan so that it gets easier to store and understand the objects. And with this, we got some information of the STL library in python.