Python Tutorial

Introduction Python Features Python Applications Python System requirements Python Installation Python Examples Python Basics Python Indentation Python Variables Python Data Types Python IDE Python Keywords Python Operators Python Comments Python Pass Statement

Python Conditional Statements

Python if Statement Python elif Statement Python If-else statement Python Switch Case

Python Loops

Python for loop Python while loop Python Break Statement Python Continue Statement Python Goto Statement

Python Arrays

Python Array Python Matrix

Python Strings

Python Strings Python Regex

Python Built-in Data Structure

Python Lists Python Tuples Python Lists vs Tuples Python Dictionary Python Sets

Python Functions

Python Function Python min() function Python max() function Python User-define Functions Python Built-in Functions Python Recursion Anonymous/Lambda Function in Python apply() function in python Python lambda() Function

Python File Handling

Python File Handling Python Read CSV Python Write CSV Python Read Excel Python Write Excel Python Read Text File Python Write Text File Read JSON File in Python

Python Exception Handling

Python Exception Handling Python Errors and exceptions Python Assert

Python OOPs Concept

OOPs Concepts in Python Classes & Objects in Python Inheritance in Python Polymorphism in Python Python Encapsulation Python Constructor Python Super function Python Static Method Static Variables in Python Abstraction in Python

Python Iterators

Iterators in Python Yield Statement In Python Python Yield vs Return

Python Generators

Python Generator

Python Decorators

Python Decorator

Python Functions and Methods

Python Built-in Functions Python String Methods Python List Methods Python Dictionary Methods Python Tuple Methods Python Set Methods

Python Modules

Python Modules Python Datetime Module Python Math Module Python Import Module Python Time ModulePython Random Module Python Calendar Module CSV Module in Python Python Subprocess Module

Python MySQL

Python MySQL Python MySQL Client Update Operation Delete Operation Database Connection Creating new Database using Python MySQL Creating Tables Performing Transactions

Python MongoDB

Python MongoDB

Python SQLite

Python SQLite

Python Data Structure Implementation

Python Stack Python Queue Python Linked List Python Hash Table Python Graph

Python Advance Topics

Speech Recognition in Python Face Recognition in Python Python Linear regression Python Rest API Python Command Line Arguments Python JSON Python Subprocess Python Virtual Environment Type Casting in Python Python Collections Python Attributes Python Commands Python Data Visualization Python Debugger Python DefaultDict Python Enumerate

Python 2

What is Python 2

Python 3

Anaconda in Python 3 Anaconda python 3 installation for windows 10 List Comprehension in Python3

How to

How to Parse JSON in Python How to Pass a list as an Argument in Python How to Install Numpy in PyCharm How to set up a proxy using selenium in python How to create a login page in python How to make API calls in Python How to run Python code from the command prompt How to read data from com port in python How to Read html page in python How to Substring a String in Python How to Iterate through a Dictionary in Python How to convert integer to float in Python How to reverse a string in Python How to take input in Python How to install Python in Windows How to install Python in Ubuntu How to install PIP in Python How to call a function in Python How to download Python How to comment multiple lines in Python How to create a file in Python How to create a list in Python How to declare array in Python How to clear screen in Python How to convert string to list in Python How to take multiple inputs in Python How to write a program in Python How to compare two strings in Python How to create a dictionary in Python How to create an array in Python How to update Python How to compare two lists in Python How to concatenate two strings in Python How to print pattern in Python How to check data type in python How to slice a list in python How to implement classifiers in Python How To Print Colored Text in Python How to open a file in python How to Open a file in python with Path How to run a Python file in CMD How to change the names of Columns in Python How to Concat two Dataframes in Python How to Iterate a List in Python How to learn python Online How to Make an App with Python How to develop a game in python How to print in same line in python How to create a class in python How to find square root in python How to import numy in python How to import pandas in python How to uninstall python How to upgrade PIP in python How to append a string in python How to comment out a block of code in Python How to change a value of a tuple in Python How to append an Array in Python How to Configure Python Interpreter in Eclipse Parameter Passing in Python How to plot a Histogram in Python How to Import Files in Python How to Download all Modules in Python How to get Time in seconds in Python How to Practice Python Programming How to plot multiple linear regression in Python How to set font for Text in Python

Sorting

Python Sort List Sort Dictionary in Python Python sort() function Python Bubble Sort

Programs

Factorial Program in Python Prime Number Program in Python Fibonacci Series Program in Python Leap Year Program in Python Palindrome Program in Python Check Palindrome In Python Calculator Program in Python Armstrong Number Program in Python Python Program to add two numbers Anagram Program in Python Number Pattern Programs in Python Even Odd Program in Python GCD Program in Python Python Exit Program Python Program to check Leap Year Operator Overloading in Python Pointers in Python Python Not Equal Operator Raise Exception in Python Salary of Python Developers in India What is a Script in Python

Misc

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Python Key Error

What is an Error?

Errors are nothing but problems in the program which occur in a program code, and this will stop the execution of the program. It is also called an illegal operation that the user performs and will result in the program stopping its execution normally.

When an error occurs, the program will not run or compile until and unless an error is removed. The compiler finds these errors when we write any code mistakes so that we can't even execute them. There are three types of python errors. They are:

  1. Syntax errors
  2. Logical errors
  3. Exceptions

Difference between Error and Exception in Python

Error is the problem in the program when it is written wrong and stops the program's execution. By keeping this aside, exceptions are nothing but internal events that occur inside the program that will cause disturbance to the program execution and stop the execution flow.

Syntax Errors

Every programming language has its syntax. All must follow the syntax to write a program code and execute it accurately. When this syntax is not written or followed correctly, an error indicating syntax error will occur and shows on the screen where and why this error has occurred. These are called compiled time errors because these errors are found at the time of compilation.

Example program to show how the syntax error occurs

for i in range(10)
print(i)

Output

Python Key Error

The output shows that we should give the proper syntax for executing the program.

Logical errors

These runtime errors occur when there is no syntax issue but a logic-type problem.

Example Program to show logical errors.

Totalmarks = 100
m = Totalmarks / 0
print(m)

Output

Python Key Error

In the above example, an error occurred called ZeroDivisionError because we gave an expression by dividing a number by 0.

There will be an error called Key error in Python, which occurs when the key belonging to the dictionary is not found.

Key Error in Python

When a key is not found in a dictionary, a Key Error exception is raised. That is when we are trying to access an item or a key in a dictionary that is not present in that particular dictionary. So, this raises an exception called key error. Python will not return a value for an item or a key that does not exist in the dictionary.

We know the dictionary means a pair of "key" and "value."  An item consists of a "key" associated with a "value".

Here is an example showing the dictionary has keys with values.

Example Program

myDictionary = { 2:4, 3:9, 4:16}
print("My dictionary is:", myDictionary)
print(myDictionary[5])

Output

Python Key Error

The output shows a Traceback error because the key "5" does not exist in the dictionary and has no value.

We can avoid these errors in a program code byusing conditional statements, the get() method, Try Exception.

Let us discuss one by one with an example of each method.

Avoid Key Errors using Conditional If else Statements

Using a conditional statement, we can check whether the particular key is present in the pair of key-value pairs. There will be an option to find the key using theindex number of the key.We can check if a particular key is present in the key-value pairs of a dictionary without accessing the value.

This method avoids the Key error exception.

A Sample Program Showing the Use of If else Statements

myDictionary = {2:4, 3:9, 4:16}
print("My dictionary is:", myDictionary)
key = 5
if key in myDictionary.keys():
    print(myDictionary[key])
else:
print("{} not in a dictionary".format(key))


Output

Python Key Error

The above output shows that the key "5" is not in the given key-value pairs of a dictionary. There is a problem with this method: we have to check whether a given key is present in the given dictionary or not. This method may take much time and can be avoided by using the get() method to access the values from the given dictionary.

Avoid Key Errors Using the get() Method

When we give this get() methodin a program code, it will take the given key and anoptional value as input. If the key we gave in a program is present in the dictionary, it gives the value associated with it as the output.

A Sample Program Showing the Use of the get() method.

myDictionary = {2:4, 3:9, 4:16}
print("My dictionary is:", myDictionary)
key = 3
print("The key is:", key)
print("The associated value is:", myDictionary.get(key))

Output

Python Key Error

The above output shows that the get() method is useful for avoiding key errors in Python. We gave the "key" as "3", and it returns the associated value as an output.


Python Key Error

Another Example Using get() Method

myDictionary = {2:4, 3:9, 4:16}
print("Dictionary values are:", myDictionary)
key = 5
print("key value is:", key)
print("Associated value is:", myDictionary.get(key))

Output

Python Key Error

The above output shows that the associated value is returned as "None." It is because there is no key associated with "5." So, to return an associated value, we should give the key along with the value shown in the before example. It returns "none" because the key given in our program code is not present in the dictionary; if no optional value is passed, it will return "NONE".

We have another example in the get () method, which is when we pass an optional value to this get () method, and it will return a value even if the given key is not present in that dictionary.

Sample Program

myDictionary = {2:4, 3:9, 4:16}
print("Dictionary values are:", myDictionary)
key = 5
print("key value is:", key)
print("Associated value is:", myDictionary.get(key,25))

Output

Python Key Error

As we discussed above, giving an optional value to the get() method will return a key associated with the value even if the key is not present in that dictionary.

We will discuss another method in key error

By Using the Try Except Method

We can use try-except blocks in Python to handle the key error exception.

So, by using this method, we can execute the code to access the value using the given key in the try block and can handle the exception in the except block by the below program.

A Sample Program Using above Method

myDictionary = {2:4, 3:9, 4:16}
print("Dictionary value is:", myDictionary)
key=5
print("key value is:", key)
try:
val=myDictionary[key]
print("The associated value is:", val)
except KeyError:
print("The key is not in the dictionary")

Output

Python Key Error

Therefore, the key "5" is not present in the dictionary. So, it has returned "The key is not in the dictionary".

Solutions for Python KeyError

We can handle a dictionary in Python KeyError in many ways:

  1. First, we should check a key before using indexing
  2. For checking a key, we use the keyword called "in".
  3. We can use the try-except block.

Example Program

myDictionary = {"name": "ABC", "class":"C", "rollno":"34"}
get_key = input("The information we retrive is(name,class,rollno)?")
if myDictionary[get_key]:
print("The {} of the student is{}".format(get_key,myDictionary[get_key]))
else:
print("The student is not available")

Output

Python Key Error

In the above program, we have used "if" statements to check if the key exists or not.

myDictionary[get_key] will return a value only if the key exists. If our key exists, the "if" block will execute. Otherwise, the "else" statement will execute.

Now, let us try the student's name for the above program code.

Output

The output returned was the student's name, "ABC", and the name was in the program on the list of the dictionary.

Python Key Error

This code will not raise a KeyError because we have already checked whether our key exists before using it.

If we use myDictionary[get_key] in the block of the "else" statement, our code will raise a KeyError.

Check the Key before Using "in"

The keyword "in" is one of Python's membership operators, and it will check an item if it is present in a lit of values or not. We can also use this "in" keyword to check if that key is inside the dictionary or not.

We will discuss an example program using the "in" keyword.

Sample Program

myDictionary = {"name": "ABC", "class":"C", "rollno":"34"}
get_key = input("The information we retrive is(name,class,rollno)?")
if get_key in myDictionary:
print("The {} of the student is{}".format(get_key,myDictionary[get_key]))
else:
print("The student is not available")

The above program will check if the key exists before printing the values to the console.

This code will check the value of "get_key" if it is inside the dictionary called "myDictionary." If the given key exists "if" statement will run; otherwise, the "else" statement will run. Let us check the information on the student roll number.

Output

Python Key Error

Let us check the name of the student.

Output

Python Key Error

Conclusion

The KeyError is raised when you try to access the value from a dictionary that does not exist before we access it. To solve this problem, we can check our key before using it, and we will use it if the key exists.

To handle a KeyError, we can use the try-except block if the problem is not from our code.



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