Python Tutorial

Introduction Python Features Python Applications Python System Requirements Python Installation Python Examples Python Basics Python Indentation Python Variables Python Data Types Python IDE Python Keywords Python Operators Python Comments Python Pass Statement

Python Conditional Statements

Python if Statement Python elif Statement Python If-else statement Python Switch Case

Python Loops

Python for loop Python while loop Python Break Statement Python Continue Statement Python Goto Statement

Python Arrays

Python Array Python Matrix

Python Strings

Python Strings Python Regex

Python Built-in Data Structure

Python Lists Python Tuples Python Lists vs Tuples Python Dictionary Python Sets

Python Functions

Python Function Python min() function Python max() function Python User-define Functions Python Built-in Functions Python Recursion Anonymous/Lambda Function in Python python apply() Function Python lambda() Function

Python File Handling

Python File Handling Python Read CSV Python Write CSV Python Read Excel Python Write Excel Python Read Text File Python Write Text File Read JSON File in Python

Python Exception Handling

Python Exception Handling Python Errors and exceptions Python Assert

Python OOPs Concept

OOPs Concepts in Python Classes & Objects in Python Inheritance in Python Polymorphism in Python Python Encapsulation Python Constructor Python Super function Python Static Method Static Variables in Python Abstraction in Python

Python Iterators

Iterators in Python Yield Statement In Python Python Yield vs Return

Python Generators

Python Generator

Python Decorators

Python Decorator

Python Functions and Methods

Python Built-in Functions Python String Methods Python List Methods Python Dictionary Methods Python Tuple Methods Python Set Methods

Python Modules

Python Modules Python Datetime Module Python Math Module Python Import Module Python Time Module Python Random Module Python Calendar Module CSV Module in Python Python Subprocess Module Python Subprocess

Python MySQL

Python MySQL Python MySQL Client Update Operation Delete Operation Database Connection Creating new Database using Python MySQL Creating Tables Performing Transactions

Python MongoDB

Python MongoDB

Python SQLite

Python SQLite

Python Data Structure Implementation

Python Stack Python Queue Python Linked List Python Hash Table Python Graph

Python Advance Topics

Speech Recognition in Python Face Recognition in Python Python Linear regression Python Rest API Python Command Line Arguments Python JSON Python Virtual Environment Type Casting in Python Python Collections Python Commands Python Data Visualization Python Debugger Python DefaultDict Python Enumerate

Python 2

What is Python 2

Python 3

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How to

How to Substring a String in Python How to Iterate through a Dictionary in Python How to convert integer to float in Python How to reverse a string in Python How to take input in Python How to install Python in Windows How to install Python in Ubuntu How to install PIP in Python How to call a function in Python How to download Python How to comment multiple lines in Python How to create a file in Python How to create a list in Python How to declare array in Python How to clear screen in Python How to convert string to list in Python How to take multiple inputs in Python How to write a program in Python How to compare two strings in Python How to create a dictionary in Python How to create an array in Python How to update Python How to compare two lists in Python How to concatenate two strings in Python How to print pattern in Python How to check data type in python How to slice a list in python How to implement classifiers in Python How To Print Colored Text in Python How to develop a game in python How to print in same line in python How to create a class in python How to find square root in python How to import numy in python How to import pandas in python How to uninstall python How to upgrade PIP in python How to append a string in python How to open a file in python How to Open a file in python with Path How to run a Python file in CMD How to change the names of Columns in Python How to Concat two Dataframes in Python How to Iterate a List in Python How to learn python Online How to Make an App with Python How to comment out a block of code in Python


Python Sort List Sort Dictionary in Python Python sort() function Python Bubble Sort


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What is Python 2

Python is a widely used high-level language. The initial work on developing python was begun in the late 1980s. In 1989, Guido Van Rossum started to work on it. Initially, during Christmas, it was started as a hobby to keep him busy.

The name Python is named after a television show called ‘Monty python’s flying circus’, which aired on BBC.  Guido wants the name to be unique and mysterious, and as well as he was a big fan of the show. It was first released in the year 1991 with the objective to provide high developer productivity and easy code readability.

What is Python 2

In the year 2000, on October 16, python 2.0 was released. It was included with many new major features. The features include Unicode support and memory management by the garbage collector, in addition to reference counting. However, the major change incorporated is to the development process itself by shifting to a community-backed and high transparent process.

History of Python 2

The history of python 2 is displayed below in chronological order.

Python 2.0October 16, 2000
Python 2.1April 17, 2001
Python 2.2December 21, 2001
Python 2.3July 29, 2003
Python 2.4November 30, 2004
Python 2.5September 19, 2006
Python 2.6October 1, 2008
Python 2.7July 3, 2010

Need for python 2

As python 2 is discontinued in 2020, there are still a few reasons to learn python 2,

  • Work with both versions of python should be managed by a DevOps engineer.
  • We should learn python 2 if the company’s code is written in python 2.
  • Python 2 becomes our only option when the development team works on a certain project which includes specific software or libraries which can’t be ported into python 3.

Advantages of python 2

  • The code development process in python 2 is easy and simple than in previous versions of python.
  • Technical details of the Python Enhancement Proposal are being implemented in python 2.
  • Many frameworks and third-party libraries support are present widely for python 2 as it has been used for a longer time.
  • It is a highly stable and transparent version of python.

Disadvantages of python 2

  • Syntax of python 2 is harder and comparatively difficult to understand as compared to the updated version, python 3.
  • Unicode string definition should be done with the value ‘u’ in python 2 whereas, it is a default in python 3.
  • While using for loop in python 2, the value of the global variable changes but is constant while using python 3.
  • Rules of ordering comparison are complex in python 2 whereas, in python 3 the rules of order of comparison are simpler.
  • Most of the support for third-party libraries is dropped because of the discontinuation of python 2.
  • Security patches of support for python 2 are also dropped due to the discontinuation of python 2.

Discontinuation of python 2

The development of python 2 will be halted from the first of January 2020. This means the improvement and fixing of bugs that occurred will not take place. It is advised for the users to upgrade to python 3 as soon as possible.

The development must be stopped for the faster upgradation of python. Python 2 was released in the year 2000. As drastic improvements needed to be done in the development of python, In the year 2006, working on python 3 was started. When it was released in 2006, many users were not updated to it. Hence, the improvement of both python 3 and python 2 is continued for the users. But it is hard to improve and publish both python 2 and python 3.

Furthermore, some of the improvements can’t be handled by the version of python 2 as well as it’s hard to publish both versions, and it also reduces the workforce and efficiency of developing python 3. First, the discontinuation of python was announced in the year 2008, and it will be discontinued in the year 2015. But it was extended to 2020 in the year 2014 as many users haven’t upgraded to the higher versions. Hence, from the first January 2020, no new updations and bug fixes will be incorporated into python 2.

Hence, it is advised for all users to upgrade from python 2 to python 3 as the support and updations for python 2 are discontinued as well as Python 3 is the future of python.