Python Tutorial

Introduction Python Features Python Applications Python System requirements Python Installation Python Examples Python Basics Python Indentation Python Variables Python Data Types Python IDE Python Keywords Python Operators Python Comments Python Pass Statement

Python Conditional Statements

Python if Statement Python elif Statement Python If-else statement Python Switch Case

Python Loops

Python for loop Python while loop Python Break Statement Python Continue Statement Python Goto Statement

Python Arrays

Python Array Python Matrix

Python Strings

Python Strings Python Regex

Python Built-in Data Structure

Python Lists Python Tuples Python Lists vs Tuples Python Dictionary Python Sets

Python Functions

Python Function Python min() function Python max() function Python User-define Functions Python Built-in Functions Python Recursion Anonymous/Lambda Function in Python apply() function in python Python lambda() Function

Python File Handling

Python File Handling Python Read CSV Python Write CSV Python Read Excel Python Write Excel Python Read Text File Python Write Text File Read JSON File in Python

Python Exception Handling

Python Exception Handling Python Errors and exceptions Python Assert

Python OOPs Concept

OOPs Concepts in Python Classes & Objects in Python Inheritance in Python Polymorphism in Python Python Encapsulation Python Constructor Python Super function Python Static Method Static Variables in Python Abstraction in Python

Python Iterators

Iterators in Python Yield Statement In Python Python Yield vs Return

Python Generators

Python Generator

Python Decorators

Python Decorator

Python Functions and Methods

Python Built-in Functions Python String Methods Python List Methods Python Dictionary Methods Python Tuple Methods Python Set Methods

Python Modules

Python Modules Python Datetime Module Python Math Module Python Import Module Python Time ModulePython Random Module Python Calendar Module CSV Module in Python Python Subprocess Module

Python MySQL

Python MySQL Python MySQL Client Update Operation Delete Operation Database Connection Creating new Database using Python MySQL Creating Tables Performing Transactions

Python MongoDB

Python MongoDB

Python SQLite

Python SQLite

Python Data Structure Implementation

Python Stack Python Queue Python Linked List Python Hash Table Python Graph

Python Advance Topics

Speech Recognition in Python Face Recognition in Python Python Linear regression Python Rest API Python Command Line Arguments Python JSON Python Subprocess Python Virtual Environment Type Casting in Python Python Collections Python Attributes Python Commands Python Data Visualization Python Debugger Python DefaultDict Python Enumerate

Python 2

What is Python 2

Python 3

Anaconda in Python 3 Anaconda python 3 installation for windows 10 List Comprehension in Python3

How to

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Python Sort List Sort Dictionary in Python Python sort() function Python Bubble Sort


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Python History

Python is one of the top trending, widely-used programming languages. Python is a general-purpose programming language. Python language is known for its features. Some features are given below:

  • Simplistic
  • Free and open source
  • Object-oriented Language
  • High-Level Language
  • GUI programming support
  • Easy to learn and code

History of Python

  • Guido Van Rossum invented the Python language. He was born on 31 January 1956 in Haarlem, outside of Amsterdam in the northwest Netherlands.
  • The idea of Python started in the early 1980s, but the real implementation started in 1989 in December. That time when Guido Van Rossum was working on their research project at Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI) in the Netherlands.
  • CWI is a research centre in mathematics and theoretical computer science. Sir Van Rossum started it as a hobby project to keep him busy during the holidays of Christmas.
  • Python is said to be a successor to the ABC programming language and was inspired by STEL(SET Language), which was based on the set theory in mathematics. Previously Guido Van Rossum worked on ABC programming language at CWI in the Netherlands.
  • ABC language had features of exception handling and interfacing with the Amoeba operating system. He found some issues with the ABC programming language and liked most of the features in the ABC language, so after he had taken some good features of the ABC language and fixed those issues completely in Python language.
  • Van Rossum published Python on 27 February 1991 to the public. It was a great need for a discussion forum, so in 1994, the primary discussion forum for Python was formed.

Why the Name is Python?

Python as a working title for the project came from BBC's TV comedy series name as 'Monty python's Flying Circus', and Python developer Guido was a big fan of this show and also he wanted a short and unique name. So hence he named it PYTHON.

Versions of Python

New features are continually added to the Python programming language. From 1994 until the most recent release, Python has seen numerous versions are given below:-

Python 1. x:

  • Python was released in February 1991. It was Python version 0.9. It has many features like classes, inheritance, functions and exception handling. It has basic data types, str, list, and dict.
  • In 1994 Python 1. It has many new features like map, filter, reduce, and lambda.
  • Python 1.4 had some new features, such as Module-3 style keyword argument. This version has built-in support for performing complex number operations.

Python 2. x:

  • Python 2 launched in 2000. There was a huge change in the source code of Python. It was a true object-oriented programming language.
  • Python 2.1 was released in October 2001. Feature of scoping was added in this version.
  • Python 2.2 launched in December 2001. Suitable types and classes into one hierarchy feature were added.
  • In March 2005, python 2.4 was introduced. Decimal data types and function decorators were added. Generator expression for the iterator feature was introduced.
  • Python 2.5 was introduced in September 2006. with a statement added.
  • In October 2006 python 2.6 version was introduced. It has features typeError, _complex_(), and bin(). with statement also optimized.
  • Python 2.7 was released in June 2009. Minor bugs are fixed in this version.

Python 3. x:

  • Python 3 was introduced in December 2008. Biggest. The major goal was to fix the language's basic design faults by removing duplicate modules and constructs.
  • Python 3.1 was released in June 2009. Support for ordered dictionaries has been added, allowing configuration files to be read, updated, and then written back in the same order in which they were read.
  • Python 3.2 was introduced in February 2011. Adds the ability to limit modules to specific APIs that will remain stable over time.
  • Python 3.3 was launched in September 2012. yield from the expression for generator delegation added. Made error-catching simplify.
  • Python 3.4 was launched in March 2014. asyncio module added.
  • Python 3.5 was introduced in September 2015. Add available objects, coroutine functions, asynchronous iteration, and asynchronous context managers to allow asynchronous programming.
  • Python 3.6 was released in December 2016. asyncio module was stabilized, and an f-string was added. Support for asynchronous generator added.
  • Python 3.7 was launched in June 2018. Reserved keyword async and await added. breakpoint() function was introduced.
  • Python 3.8 was launched in October 2019. := (walrus operator) was added As part of a larger expression. This allows you to assign values to variables.

Download and Install the Latest version of Python on Windows/Linux/Mac

We know that Python is the most popular programming language in the world. Python language is used in software testing, machine learning, Data Science, Mobile apps and many more. Many other programming languages, including Ruby, Cobra, Boo, ECMAScript, Groovy, Swift Go and Julia, are inspired by Python.

To download Python, you need to visit their official website Here you can download the latest version of Python. The website will verify the operating system and provide appropriate download packages.