Python Tutorial

Introduction Python Features Python Applications Python System requirements Python Installation Python Examples Python Basics Python Indentation Python Variables Python Data Types Python IDE Python Keywords Python Operators Python Comments Python Pass Statement

Python Conditional Statements

Python if Statement Python elif Statement Python If-else statement Python Switch Case

Python Loops

Python for loop Python while loop Python Break Statement Python Continue Statement Python Goto Statement

Python Arrays

Python Array Python Matrix

Python Strings

Python Strings Python Regex

Python Built-in Data Structure

Python Lists Python Tuples Python Lists vs Tuples Python Dictionary Python Sets

Python Functions

Python Function Python min() function Python max() function Python User-define Functions Python Built-in Functions Python Recursion Anonymous/Lambda Function in Python apply() function in python Python lambda() Function

Python File Handling

Python File Handling Python Read CSV Python Write CSV Python Read Excel Python Write Excel Python Read Text File Python Write Text File Read JSON File in Python

Python Exception Handling

Python Exception Handling Python Errors and exceptions Python Assert

Python OOPs Concept

OOPs Concepts in Python Classes & Objects in Python Inheritance in Python Polymorphism in Python Python Encapsulation Python Constructor Python Super function Python Static Method Static Variables in Python Abstraction in Python

Python Iterators

Iterators in Python Yield Statement In Python Python Yield vs Return

Python Generators

Python Generator

Python Decorators

Python Decorator

Python Functions and Methods

Python Built-in Functions Python String Methods Python List Methods Python Dictionary Methods Python Tuple Methods Python Set Methods

Python Modules

Python Modules Python Datetime Module Python Math Module Python Import Module Python Time ModulePython Random Module Python Calendar Module CSV Module in Python Python Subprocess Module

Python MySQL

Python MySQL Python MySQL Client Update Operation Delete Operation Database Connection Creating new Database using Python MySQL Creating Tables Performing Transactions

Python MongoDB

Python MongoDB

Python SQLite

Python SQLite

Python Data Structure Implementation

Python Stack Python Queue Python Linked List Python Hash Table Python Graph

Python Advance Topics

Speech Recognition in Python Face Recognition in Python Python Linear regression Python Rest API Python Command Line Arguments Python JSON Python Subprocess Python Virtual Environment Type Casting in Python Python Collections Python Attributes Python Commands Python Data Visualization Python Debugger Python DefaultDict Python Enumerate

Python 2

What is Python 2

Python 3

Anaconda in Python 3 Anaconda python 3 installation for windows 10 List Comprehension in Python3

How to

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App Config Python

An XML file called App. Config serves as the document for any programme. In other terms, you can modify any configuration inside of it without going to edit the code (and recompiling). Connecting strings are frequently stored using it.

What does App Config do in Python Flask?

Enables the use of pre-defined techniques for application configuration.

from flask_appconfig import AppConfig
def create_app(configfile=None):
    app = Flask('myapp')
    AppConfig(app, config file)
    return app

Applications require setup of some sort. Toggling the debugging mode and establishing the private key, as well as other environment-specific options, are just a few of the parameters you may wish to modify in accordance with the application environment.

Flask's architecture often demands that the settings be accessible when the application launches. There are other methods to implement the settings than hard coding it into the code, which is really not all that awful for many tiny apps.

There is a config item that may retain the downloaded configuration settings, regardless of where and how your config is downloaded: the configuration property of the Flask object. It is here that modules can insert their configuration settings in addition to where Flask actually stores its configuration variables. But you may also have your customized arrangement here.

Configuration Basics

The configuration may be changed like any other dictionary because it is a subclass of a keyword:

app = Flask(__name__)
app.config['TESTING'] = True
Additionally, a few configuration data are sent to the Flask object, where you may read and understand them:
app.testing = True
Just use dict.update() function to modify many keys in one go:

What is App config [' Secret_key ']?

SECRET KEY: Flask "secret keys" represent arbitrary strings that are employed to encrypt private user information, including passwords. Data encryption in Flask relies on this string's unpredictability. Therefore decoding the very same data is as easy as obtaining this string's value.

Example of the Secret key

Method 1: Use os in Python 2/3:

>>> import os



Method 2: Use UUID in Python 2/3:

>>> import UUID

>>> UUID.uuid4().hex


Method 3: Use secrets in Python >= 3.6:

>>> import secrets





Method 4: Use os in Python 3:

>>> import os



The customer sessions must be kept safe, which requires a secret key. You may produce a random value as shown below:

>>> import os

Simply copy and paste that value into one's configuration file.

SECRET_KEY = '\xfd{H\xe5<\x95\xf9\xe3\x96.5\xd1\x01O<!\xd5\xa2\xa0\x9fR"\xa1\xa8'

Why do we Use App Config?

The purpose of the app. config file, an XML file, is to store any dynamic configuration information for your software. Connecting strings with databases should go here because it is a central location.

The App. config is an XML file at its most basic level, with capabilities for both preset configuration parts and user-created configuration portions. An XML fragment with a structure intended to contain a certain kind of data is known as a "configuration section."

  • Overview (MSDN)
  •  Connection String Configuration (MSDN)

Custom Configuration Sections

The class library lacks an app. config file. However, there are situations when the creator of a class library may wish to permit other programmers to customize specific aspects of the library in the presenter's App. Config file.

The developer might record the required AppSettings, for example. However, one drawback of AppSettings is that it does not provide a broader hierarchy.

Writing to the App. Config

It's generally not a good practice to often change *.config files, but it appears that you just want to bring everything up once.

For information about how to modify the connectionStrings part of the *.config file at execution, see: Adjust connection string & reload App. config.

Remember that in a perfect world, you must make such configuration modifications through a straightforward installer.

Location of the App.Config at Runtime

Let's say I explicitly alter a value> in App. Config, save the modification and then exit the programme. Why does the.exe file not display the modified information whenever I execute it from my trash location now?

A software App. Config is transferred to the bin storage with a filename that corresponds to your exe during compilation. For instance, if the filename of your executable file was "test.exe," one's bin folder should have a ("text.exe.config" for.NET Framework or "text.dll.config" for.NET Core) file. Despite recompiling, you can modify the settings; however, you must modify the config file that was generated at compilation time rather than the actual App. Config.

What are the advantages or disadvantages of using the App?


  1. The biggest advantage of utilising the App. config that is the recognized and default method for a.NET programme to store its configuration. Everyone who uses that software or gets it from you in the future will be grateful that you followed recognised standards rather than "creating your own."
    Additionally, the.NET framework supports utilising, writing, generating, and changing the App. Config file; if you pick your favorite approach, you'll one has to repeatedly create something new.
    Because of App. config is THE method to accomplish configuration in.NET and is a frequently adopted and well-supported requirement. I would unquestionably advise adopting it.
  2. If your application is changing from one domain to another as it moves through its lifetime, breaking the configuration up into separate files may be quite helpful.
    You could like the application to point to the "devsql" box, for instance, while the programmers are working on the coding. You would like the application to point to "staging SQL" whenever the code is delivered to a testing server for quality assurance testing.If all the configurations are kept in App.config and a configuration change is made in the production edition of App.config, the testing version will be overwritten, and one's QA team will now be referring to the development database.
    you may accommodate variances among the diverse settings while still allowing changes to config documents to flow from one scenario without so much as concern about rewriting customisation by maintaining "database.xml" separate from "app.config"


I don't think App. config is a particularly practical way to store configuration information, mainly for these two reasons:

  •  The file's storage is outside your control.
  •  You are unable to create your own framework for grouping configuration options.

My personal config class, which I import and store using XML serialization, is what I like to utilize. Highly typed settings are still beneficial, and you may specify any form of structure, making it far more versatile.

What is the difference between web config and app config?

Web. config

 A web. config file is a Windows file, allows the user to change how your domain or a certain area inside it operates. For instance, your overall domain will be affected if you place a web Config file in your root directory.

App. config

 Additionally, it is a unique kind of config file which is mostly utilised with Windows Operating systems, Windows applications, Console Software, or WPF applications.

It decodes at build time. Therefore, if you make changes to the App. Config while the programme is running. You must restart the programme in order to changes take place.

It is necessary to reopen the programme if any modifications are made to App.config because when software is compiled, a duplicate of app.config with a new name is moved into the construction location to execute the application.

 Whenever you build a project, it isn't automatically included; instead, you must go to the project navigator, select Add New Thing, and then select "Application Configuration File." The project for Windows software always includes the App.config file.

 Sample Example of app.config

<?xml version="1.0"?>  
<add name="MyKey"   
connectionString="Data Source=localhost;Initial Catalog=ABC;" 

AWS AppConfig Python Helper Library

Despite having to perform time-consuming script deliveries, one can handle and rapidly deploy app parameters with AWS AppConfig. You may build an application configuration using AWS AppConfig, check it for syntactic or semantic issues, and deliver it to selected destinations at a predetermined rate during runtime.

To reduce application downtime, AWS AppConfig turns back the settings if issues are encountered during delivery. Your software must query AWS AppConfig once the delivery is finished to get the latest configuration upgrade. To rapidly merge AWS AppConfig with your application while adhering to best practices, you may include the AWS AppConfig helper library, an example free software Python library, to one's code.