Best Java Libraries
One of the most widely used programming languages is Java. Java has a large number of libraries, including the standard Java library that includes libraries such as java.lang, java.util, and java.math, among others. Aside from standard libraries, Java offers thousands of more libraries. Here are a few of the most helpful and well-liked libraries:
- Java Standard libraries
- Apache Commons
- Google Guava
- Log5j and Slf4j
- HTTP Libraries
Java Standard libraries
One of the most widely used libraries, the Java Standard Library, offers a list of libraries that might help with work-related tasks. JVM calls these libraries during runtime.
The following libraries are offered by it:
- Without String, Enum, Double, etc., we cannot write any Java programme.
- It is important to utilise the util class in order to use data structures and collections in Java since it provides definitions for all of them.
- To work with pipes and read data from files, we need the io library. Java programmers may utilise files in their programmes thanks to it.
- The nio library is an alternative to the java.io library and stands for non-blocking I/O. We can take advantage of its application by engaging in rigorous I/O operations.
- The classes needed to operate with connections, sockets, and networks are all available in java.net. The majority of network application development uses the net library.
- GUIs are created using two libraries: swing and java.awt (Graphical User Interface). The earlier Java version contains the java.awt file.
- Another library that is utilised for media content is sound.
Despite having some of the most dependable and practical libraries, the Java standard libraries are routinely ignored.Among them are
- Java.nio and Java.io
The Java standard library enables students and new Java developers to establish a solid foundation upon which to cement their notions and effectively master various third-party libraries.
Mockito, which may be inferred somewhat from the name, is an open-source mocking framework. A common expectation of Java developers is their proficiency with unit testing. Developers can use it to test dummy or double objects for test- and behavior-driven behaviour. Mockito was chosen as the top Java mocking framework by StackOverflow.
One of the most crucial Java frameworks for creating unit tests is Junit. Without writing tests, no one wants to develop the code. Everyone uses JUnit in their projects even if they don't begin with Java code. Developers are able to construct tests for our code using the JUnit package. For writing Java tests, it offers assert classes and annotations.
Another library - or you could say an open-source project - that focuses on all reusable Java components is called Apache Commons. It is divided into three categories: Commons Dormant, Commons Sandbox, and Commons Proper.
- There are reusable Java components in The Commons Proper.
- The Common Sandbox essentially serves as a work area for creating Java components.
- In essence, The Commons Dormant is a repository for the inactive parts.
Some of the libraries are
- Commons IO
- Commons Numbers
- Commons Text
- Commons CSV
- Commons BSF
- Commons Crypto
The list of Apache Commons libraries provided above is not exhaustive.
Jackson is a popular JSON parsing library noted for its fast efficiency, lightweight nature, and correctness. It may be used by developers to serialise and map Java objects to JSON and vice versa. Jackson contains a number of JSON-related tools and methods, such as data binding annotations on POJO classes, extra data format modules, and so on. It can also handle data encrypted in BSV, XML, CBOR, BSON, TOML, and other formats and supports numerous data types such as standard collections datatype, Java 8 Module, and Hibernates.
In Java, we must handle with data in a variety of formats. We must save, load, and transfer data into numerous forms when developing software. Aside from JSON, other data formats include CSV, XML, BSON, and Avro.
Jackson library is essentially a collection of data processing libraries. A.class files may be parsed and generated into JSON files or JSON strings using the Jackson JSON library. The Java Jackson package offers data binding and annotations and can transform POJO objects into data or produce POJO from data.
Maven, like Apache Commons, is provided by the Apache. It is a complete tool built around the project object model. We can create Java online and desktop applications with Maven. Maven is a repository that stores configurations, documentation, build configuration, and dependencies in the pom.xml file.
Maven assists us in adding a collection of jar files to each project, creating the appropriate project structure, and building and deploying the project.
JSON has emerged as the preferred protocol for transferring data from the client to the server in the realm of online services and the Internet of Things today. They now rank above XML as the most popular, platform-independent method of information sharing.
JDK, however, lacks a JSON library. However, there are numerous excellent third-party libraries, such as Jackson and Gson, that let you parse and produce JSON messages.
Similar to Google-json, Jackson mostly converts Java objects to JSON and vice versa. We must transform the Java object into JSON and other forms when developing mobile apps and while using and composing Rest APIs in Java applications.
It offers functions like toJson() and fromJson() for converting between objects and JSON. It offers specialised object representations and substantial support for Java generics. Using the Google-json package, we can construct these pre-existing, immutable objects from JSON or convert them into it.
Another open-source project that Google created is called Google Guava, to which many engineers from different companies have made contributions. It includes all necessary utilities, concurrency, string manipulation, and collections. It has a much better architecture and is much simpler than the Apache Commons library. A key component in creating utility and shared library classes is Google Guava. The main characteristics of Google Guava include caching, hashing, the development of the Java collection architecture, and I/O and string utilities.
Apache Commons is a Java library; Google Guava is a free, open-source alternative. Guava adds new generic classes for bitmaps, multisets, strings, I/O, caches, graph libraries, and other cutting-edge features and capabilities to Java. Guava has long been one of the most frequently used Java libraries.It is typically divided into three categories, namely:
- Basic tools to establish typical practises and conduct
- Library of Google Collections
- several tools offering advantages for productivity
Log5j and Slf4j
Log5j is a lightweight and fast logging library written in Java. It is possible to use this library with Java 5 or later. An improved version of Log4j is called Log5j. It has a similar aesthetic to Log4j, but uses Java's varargs functionality, which Log4j does not. We can send any number of arguments to any logging method using the varargs feature. Additionally, Log5j has methods that enable dynamic formatting of logging methods, including debugf, errorf, fatalf, logf, and tracef. When communications are not logged, these techniques are particularly effective.
Slf4j stands for Simple Logging Facade for Java. The end-user may plug in their favourite logging framework at deployment time since it serves as a simple façade or abstraction for a number of logging frameworks. There are a number of migration tools on the market that make it simple to switch our projects over to the Slf4j API when migrating Java source code to Slf4j.
An XML parser toolkit called Java Architecture for XML Binding (JAXB) offers solutions to connect Java representation and XML schemas. It provides techniques for turning Java objects into XML data and for turning XML data back into Java objects. In Java 9, the XML features are no longer supported by the Java Standard Library. Developers must therefore utilise distinct libraries like JAXB for it. JAXB has the following functionalities, to name a fewcomplies with all W3C XML schema requirements:
- less classes derived from schema are produced
- more compact run-time libraries
- capability for validation
- provides support for Java to XML and a specific package to manage the binding
XML is another crucial data format used for data storage, validation, and transfer, much like JSON. The Java Standard library contains XML support so that Java 8 developers can work with XML data. The XML functionality is relocated to a new library called the JAXB library in Java9 and is no longer a part of the Java Standard library.
A network protocol called HttpClient is used to send and receive HTTP requests and responses. HTTP/1.1 and HTTP/2 are supported by Java HttpClient. Both synchronous and asynchronous programming paradigms are supported. HttpClient is built with a builder and is fixed once created. It enables the Java developer to make several requests and obtain configuration and resource information for each one.
JDK does not support HTTP requests. To implement an HTTP connection, we must use classes from the java.net package. Third-party libraries such as Apache HttpClient and HttpCore are not straightforward to utilise.
HTTP 2.0 is supported in JDK 9 version. We can also use Apache libraries like HttpClient, HttpCode, and HttpAsyncClient. We recommend that all developers learn everything they can about these libraries before using them in their code.