Java Tutorial

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Java Loops

Java Do While Loop Java While Loop Java For Loop Java Enhanced For Loop

Java Programs

Java Basic Programs Factorial Program in Java Fibonacci Series Program in Java Prime Number Program in Java Palindrome Number Program in Java Armstrong Number Program in Java Anagram Program in Java Pattern Programs in Java Calculator Program in Java Leap Year Program in Java Addition Program in Java Number Pattern Programs in Java Star Pattern Programs in Java Package Program in Java Pyramid Program in Java Sorting Program in Java String Palindrome Program in Java Even Odd Program in Java For Loop Program in Java If Else Program in Java Switch Case Program in Java GCD Program in Java LCM Program in Java Hello Program in Java Matrix Program in Java Menu Driven Program in Java Series Program in Java Client Server Program in Java Swapping Program in Java Pig Latin Program in Java Tower of Hanoi Program in Java Recursion Program in Java Matrix Multiplication Program in Java Perfect Number Program in Java Classes and Objects in Java Example Programs String Programs in Java Array Programs in Java Constructor Program in Java Inheritance Program in Java Abstract class Program in Java Interface Program in Java Encapsulation Program in Java Polymorphism Program in Java Exception Handling Program in Java Multithreading Program in Java Thread Program in Java Collection Programs in Java ArrayList Program in Java Stack Program in Java Applet Program in Java Swing Program in Java JDBC Program in Java How to run Java program in command prompt How to run Java program in Eclipse Program to find and replace characters on string in java Program to find the duplicate characters in a string Program to check whether a given character is present in a string or not Java Program to Print Permutations of String Java program to find frequency of characters in a string Java Program to remove duplicate characters in a string

Java Sorting

Sorting Algorithms in Java Merge Sort in Java Quick Sort in Java Bubble Sort in Java Insertion Sort in Java Selection Sort in Java Heap Sort in Java Radix Sort in Java Topological Sort in Java Bucket Sort in Java Counting Sort in Java

Java OOPs Concepts

OOPs - Object Oriented Programming Objects and Classes in Java Methods in Java Java Naming Conventions Constructors in Java Java this keyword Java static keyword Inheritance in Java Aggregation in Java Java super keyword Constructor Chaining and Constructor Overloading Java Polymorphism Static and Dynamic Binding in Java Java Abstraction Abstract class in Java Interface in Java Difference between Abstract class and Interface Java final keyword Packages in Java Access Modifiers in Java Java Wrapper classes Java Numbers Java Characters Java Integer Java Boolean Java Arrays Java Command Line Arguments Java strictfp Keyword Java Math

Java Strings

Java Strings Java String Methods StringBuilder in Java StringBuffer in Java Java Regular Expressions StringBuffer vs StringBuilder String vs StringBuffer String vs StringBuilder String Manipulation in Java Java String Concatenation How to Reverse a String in Java String Array in Java How to Compare Two Strings in Java How to Concatenate Two Strings in Java Why String in Immutable in Java Java.lang.NumberFormatException for Input String String Pool in Java Java Generate Random String How to take String Input in Java Java String Interview Questions

Java Exceptions

Exception Handling in Java Java try catch Java throw Java throws Difference between throw and throws Java finally Java Custom Exception Java Exception Propagation

Garbage Collection

Automatic Resource Management in Java Java Garbage Collection Java finalize() Java gc() Difference between final, finally and finalize


Multithreading in Java Process and Thread in Java Basic Terms in Multithreading Java Thread creation Thread Scheduler in Java Java Thread class DeadLock in Java

Java IO

Java IO Java Read File Java file Reader Java Buffer Reader Java file Writer Java BufferedWriter Java InputStreamReader Scanner in Java Java StringReader Java StringReader Class Java PrintWriter Java File Java Read File Line By Line Java FileInputStream Java FileOutputStream Java Create File Java Delete File Java Open File Java Read File to String Java copy file Java Read JSON file Jar File in Java Java FileNotFoundException


Java Serialization Java transient


Java Network Programming Java Socket Programming Java URL Java URLConnection HttpURLConnection in Java Java InetAddress Java DatagramSocket and Java DatagramPacket


Java AWT


Swing in Java

Java Collections

Collections in Java Java List Interface ArrayList in Java LinkedList in Java Vector in Java Stack in Java ArrayList vs LinkedList in Java ArrayList vs Vector in Java Java Set Interface HashSet in Java LinkedHashSet in Java TreeSet in Java Java Queue Interface PriorityQueue in Java ArrayDeque in Java Java Map Interface HashMap in Java LinkedHashMap in Java TreeMap in Java Dictionary in Java Hashtable in Java Properties in Java Collections class in Java Java Comparable Java Comparator Comparable vs Comparator in Java

Java Generics

Generics in Java

Java Annotations

Annotations in Java


Java JDBC Tutorial JDBC Architecture Types of JDBC Drivers JDBC vs ODBC Java Database Connectivity with MySQL Statements in java Prepared statement in Java Resultset in java Java ResultSetMetaData DatabaseMetaData in Java Callable Statement in Java Transaction Management in java

Java Differences

Java vs JavaScript Python vs Java Kotlin vs Java Java vs C++ C# vs Java Static vs Non-static in Java C vs Java int vs Integer in Java Stack vs Heap in Java Java Array vs ArrayList

How to

How to run Java program How to set path in Java How to check the Java version in cmd How to install Java in Windows 10 How to run Java program in cmd How to add double quotes in a string in Java How to convert list to String in Java How to call a method in Java How to sort an array in Java How to iterate HashMap in Java How to write Java program How to create an array in Java How to create a package in Java How to generate random numbers in Java How to input String in Java How to create thread in Java How to find length of String in Java How to sort a string in Java How to use scanner in Java How to achieve multiple inheritance in Java How to find the length of an Array in Java How to run Java program in Eclipse How to call a function in Java How to create array of objects in Java How to create custom exception in Java How to import packages in Java How to run applet Program in Java How to take Array Input in Java How to achieve abstraction in Java How to call static method in Java How to compare characters in Java How to initialize string array in Java How to Install Java on MAC How to run java program in ubuntu How to find characters with the maximum number of times in a string java How to Set Java_home in Linux How to Split the String in Java with Delimiter How to Split String by Comma in Java How to remove special characters from String in Java How to remove last character from String in Java

Java 8 Features

Java 8 Features Lambda Expressions in Java Functional Interface in Java Streams in Java Java Base64 Encoding and Decoding Parallel Arrays Sort in Java

Java 9 Features

Java 9 Tutorial Java 9 Try With Resources Java 9 Interface Private Method

Java Servlet Tutorial

Java Servlets Tutorial

Java JSP Tutorial

Java JSP Tutorial

Hibernate Tutorial

Hibernate Tutorial

Spring Tutorial

Spring Tutorial

Spring MVC Tutorial

Spring MVC Tutorial

Jenkins Tutorial

Jenkins Tutorial

Java Math Methods

Math.abs() Math.acos() Math.addExact() Math.asin() Math.atan () Math.atan2() Math.cbrt() Math.ceil() Math.copysign() Math.cos() Math.cosh() Math.decrementExact() Math.exp() Math.expm1() Math.floor() Math.floorDiv() Math.floorMod() Math.getExponent() Math.hypot() Math.IEEEremainder() Math.incrementExact() Math.log() Math.log10() Math.log1p() Math.max() Math.min() Math.multiplyExact() Math.multiplyFull() Math.negateExact() Math.nextAfter() Math.nextDown() Math.nextUp() Math.pow() Math.random() Math.rint() Math.round() Math.scalb() Math.signum() Math.sin() Math.sinh() Math.sqrt() Math.subtractExact() Math.tan() Math.tanh() Math.toDegrees() Math.toIntExact() Math.toRadians() Math.ulp()

Java String Methods

toCharArray() copyValueOf() endsWith() equals() equalsIgnoreCase() format() getBytes() getChars() hashCode() indexOf() intern() isEmpty() join() lastIndexOf() length() replace() replaceAll() replaceFirst() split() startsWith() subSequence() substring() toLowerCase() toUpperCase() trim() valueOf()

Java Conversion

Java Convert String to int Java Convert int to String Java Convert String to long Java Convert long to String Java Convert String to float Java Convert float to String Java Convert String to double Java Convert double to String Java Convert String to Date Java Convert Date to String Java Convert String to Object Java Convert Object to String Java Convert String to char Java Convert char to String Java Convert int to long Java Convert long to int


Functional Interfaces in Java Singleton class in Java Awesome explanation of Strings in Java Object class in Java Static class in Java All the important string methods in Java String Handling Method in Java What are Array strings in Java Advantages and Disadvantages of Strings in Java Big Decimal class in Java Class definition in Java Char and String differences in Java Difference between String, StringBuffer and StringBuilder in java Replace character in string Java String Coding Interview Questions in Java What is String in Java? String isnullorempty in Java String Matches in Java Trim Method in String Java Bean class in Java Libraries in Java Arithmetic Operations on String in Java Convert Char array to string in java Check whether Java is installed or not How to calculate time difference in Java How to stop execution after a certain time in Java Jagged Array in Java Java ArraylistRemove() Time Complexity Java Swing Time Picker Zigzag Array in Java Array and String based questions in Java Array and String with Examples in Java Best Practices to use String Class in Java What is string in Java why it's immutable Java String Java String Inbuilt functions Java String Matches vs Contains Sum of digits in string in java Check the presence of Substring in a String in java Java import packages Interfaces and Classes in Strings in Java Maximum length of string in java Hidden classes in Java Class memory in Java public static void main string args meaning in java Reverse a String in Java String Concatenation in Java Difference between String and Char Array in Java Buffer reader to read string in Java

Java File Input Stream

Java makes use of stream ideas to speed up input and output processes. All packages of input and output streams are contained in

Stream: A stream is nothing more than a data series. It is made up of bytes and is termed a stream because it resembles a flowing stream of water. All the streams are attached with console

  1. System.out : standard output stream
  2. : standard input stream
  3. System.err: standard error steam

. File input stream is a part of input stream classes

. Let’s see a code to get input from the console

  • Int i =; // returns ASCII code for 1st character
  • System.out.println((char)i); //will print the character

FILE INPUT STREAM: An input stream is used by a Java programme to read data from a source, which might be a file or an array, for example. It holds an information byte from a record in the document framework. It is intended for reading raw data streams such as picture, video, and so on.

It is really preferable when using basic data type values. These are never compatible with ASCII characters.

The input stream class is abstract. The superclass of all classes address a byte input stream.

Java File Input Stream

File Inputstream Class Declaration:

Public class FileInputStream extends InputStream

Java Input Stream Class Methods

  • available(): it is utilized to return the assessed number of bytes that can be perused from the information
  • read(): its motivation is to peruse the byte of information from input stream
  • finalize(): Its motivation is to ensure that the shut technique is called when the document input stream is not generally referred to.
  • close(): Its motivation is to close the record. Program for simple input stream:
Class FileInputStream // class name should be in camel case letters
Public static void main(String[] args)
  FileInputStream infile = null; //declaration
try {
infile = new FileInputStream(“a1.txt”); // initializing the text which I wanted to read
int b; // to store the output value
while(!=-1) //here read method is invoked to read the data until the end of the file
System.out.println((char)b); //typecasting will be done here
Infile.close(); //closing of the file

The above program is written to read the file which I want.

Constructors of file input stream class:

  1. FileInputStream(File file): generates a file stream input to read from the provided file object
  2. FileInputStream(FileDescriptor fdobj): generates an input file stream from the provided file descriptor
  3. FileInputStream(String name): generates an input file stream to read from the provided file.

When we employ these approaches, we often follow the procedures below. To read data from a file using FileInputStream, we often follow these steps, which is the end aim of the file input class.

Step1:  Attach a file to FileInputStream so that we may read data from it.

 fileInputStream = new FileInputStream(“file.txt”);

Step2: to read the file the syntax is

Ch =;

Step3: When there is no more data to be read, the read() function returns -1.

The monitor should then be connected to the output stream. We may use System.out.print to display the data.

. FileInputStream extends the InputStream abstract class

//program for file input stream

 public class Head
 public static void main (String args[]) {
try {
new FileInputStream("input.txt") input = new FileInputStream("input.txt");
System.out.println("File data: ");
// Retrieves the first byte; int I =;
while (i!= -1)
// Gets the next byte from the file.
input = read();
catching(Exception e)

We also utilise the available() function in this FileInputStream to get the number of available bytes in the file input stream. The skip() function can be used to discard and skip the provided number of bytes.

A file reader is a kind of InputStreamReader that can only read from files and utilises the platform's default encoding.  As such, it expects that the record being perused was created as per your working framework's foundation encoding settings, subsequently you ought to fabricate a FileInputStream and enclose it by an InputStreamReader.


It is intended for reading raw bytes streams such as picture data. It also indicates a byte ordering mechanism. We can read data in the form of an ordered series of bytes. The operator >> is used.


Regardless of whether you close a FileInputStream fittingly, it will be put in a unique classification that might be tidied up when the garbage man does a full GC. Due to in reverse similarity impediments, we can't resolve issue in the JDK.

Key Points:

  • The classes under byte stream are input stream and result stream; they are not streams.
  • Record peruse is utilized to peruse the documents
  • peruse() technique for File Reader class is utilized to understand characters
  • CharArrayReader is an execution of an info stream
  • there are 7 sub classes of information stream classes
  • Byte stream are arranged into 2 class order they are input stream and result stream
  • FilterInputStream and SequenceInputStream are the sub classes of InputStream

//let’s see another program to know more about file input stream

// Java Program to Demonstrate FileInputStream Class

class Java {
// Main method
	public static void main(String args[])
		throws IOException

		// Attaching the file to FileInputStream
		FileInputStream f1 = new FileInputStream("f1.txt");
                       // Invoking  getChannel() method
                       // Invoking getFD() method
                        // Illustrating available method
		System.out.println("Number of remaining bytes:"+ fin.available());
                        // Illustrating skip() method
                       // Display message for better readability
		System.out.println("FileContents :");
                        int ch;
                         while ((ch = != -1)

		// Close the 

Syntax for declaring the methods in file input stream:

 public int read() throws IOException
 public int read(byte[] b)throws IOException
 public int read(byte[] b, int offset, intlen) throws IOException
 public int available() throws IOException
 public FileChannelgetChannel()
 protected void finalize() throws IOException
 public final FileDescriptorgetFD() throws IOException
 public void close() throws IOException

These are the declaring syntax for file input streams in java application.