Ant and Maven are both offered by NetBeans for the development of Java applications. When using Ant, the IDE creates an Ant build script depending on the settings you select in the Project Properties dialogue box of the Java project you are using. The IDE makes advantage of your current Ant build script when you are working with a free-form Java project.
You can alter the build procedure for regular Java projects by carrying out any of the following:
In the Project Properties dialogue box, enter fundamental choices such classpath settings and JAR filters.
Replace the Ant targets produced by the IDE or add new targets in build.xml.
When you build an application using a standard project that has a main class specified, the IDE automatically moves any JAR files on the project's classpath to the dist/lib folder. Each JAR file is also added by the IDE to the Class-Path element in the manifest.mf file for the application JAR. Running the programme outside of the IDE is made easier by doing this.
The IDE builds the project, runs the plugin goals, and adds the project artefacts to the local repository when you build. Maven employs repositories, which can be local or remote, to store the build artefacts and dependencies for a project.
Working with Ant
Utilizing Ant Apache An automated build and run environment for development is created using the Java-based build tool Ant. Ant build scripts are XML files with targets and tasks that are contained within them. Ant tasks are executable pieces of code that handle the source code processing instructions. For instance, you use the java task to run a class, the javac task to compile code, and so on. You can create your own Ant tasks, use tasks created by others, or use tasks that are already integrated into Ant.
Integrating Ant with the IDE
The project management system for the IDE is directly built on top of Ant version 1.9.0. Each project command, such as Build Project and Run File in Debugger, calls targets in the project's Ant script. As a result, your project can be created and run in the same manner outside of the IDE.
Editing an Ant Script
In typical projects, the Project Properties dialogue box and the New Project wizard's settings are used by the IDE to construct the build script. You may set up all the essential compilation and runtime parameters in the project's Project Properties dialogue box, and the IDE immediately updates the Ant script for your project. If the Project Properties dialogue box cannot handle additional build requirements, you can directly alter the build script.Build.xml is the primary Ant script for a typical project. Every time you execute an IDE command, targets in build.xml are called. This file contains an import statement that imports the build targets created by the IDE, found in the file nbproject/build-impl.xml. Any target from nbproject/build-impl.xml can be overridden in build.xml, or you can add new targets. You shouldn't directly modify nbproject/build-impl.xml because it is automatically updated based on the changes you make in the Project Properties dialogue box.
All common Ant tasks have code completion built into the IDE. Without first setting the clean target to prevent the output folder from being deleted, type the same location as your source folder to provide an end tag for any empty starting tag.
Targets imported from another script but changed by the script importing them are not included. There is only a list of the overriding target.
Creating unique ant tasks
To enhance the features offered by Ant's built-in tasks, you can create custom Ant tasks. To specify properties, construct nested elements, or insert text between tags using the addText method, custom tasks are frequently utilised.
The template appears in the Source Editor when you create the unique Ant task file. Many of the frequently occurring tasks carried out by Ant tasks have sample code included in the template. The template also demonstrates how to use the task in an Ant script after each line of code.
Running an Ant Script
Every time you issue commands on your project, the IDE executes targets in your Ant script. Any Ant script's target can also be manually run from the Ant script's node in the Files or Favorites windows.
How to Fix an Ant Script Problem
An Ant script can be executed in the IDE's debugger just like a Java class. When you need to identify an issue with an Ant script's execution or investigate the script's functionality, debugging comes in helpful.
Making a Shortcut to a Target
A mini-script that acts as a shortcut to a frequently used target in an Ant script can be made. Additionally, you can alter how the target is executed. The shortcut can be saved as a keyboard shortcut, toolbar button, or menu item.
Instructions for Setting Up Ant
The Ant Settings window, which influences how Ant behaves in the IDE, can be used to configure Ant.
Setup for Ant Settings:
Select Tools > Options from the main window.
After selecting the Miscellaneous category, select the Ant tab.
The properties can be changed as needed.
How to Change Ant Versions
Ant version 1.9.0 is included with the IDE, and Ant scripts are executed using this installation. By altering the Ant installation path in Ant Settings, you can modify the version of Ant that the IDE employs. Only Ant versions 1.5.3 and higher can be changed.
Custom tasks and Ant Classpaths
When running Ant, the IDE by default disregards the CLASSPATH variable in your environment. You must include the custom tasks in Ant's classpath in the IDE for your build script to use them.
Getting the Ant documentation installed in the IDE
Install the Ant handbook in the IDE by using the plugin for Ant documentation.
From the main window, select Tools > Plugins to set up the Ant documentation plugin.
Locate the Ant documentation plugin by choosing the Available Plugins tab.
Install the Ant documentation plugin by checking the Install checkbox and clicking Install.
To complete the plugin installation, adhere to the wizard's instructions.
How to Build a Java Project
The IDE calls the appropriate target in the project's Ant build script when you build a project. The source files are compiled by the IDE, which also produces packaged build output like a JAR or WAR file. A project can be built along with all of its prerequisite projects, or you can develop each project separately.
Building a Java Project
Since the incremental compilation handles the majority of the Build Project command's functions, it is disabled by default. To produce a new build, you can use the Clean and Build command. All old build outputs are removed and new versions of the build outputs are created when you clean and build a project.
To construct a project and any supporting projects:
In the Projects window, choose the project you want to construct.
(Shift+F11) Select "Run > Clean and Build Project."
Alternately, you can select Clean and Build by right-clicking the project's node in the Projects pane.
The Output window of the IDE shows the Ant output as well as any compilation issues. To access the place in the source code where an error occurred, double-click any error.
Use of a build server
The Hudson build server is supported by the IDE for launching and creating build jobs. To create your applications, you can use the open-source server known as Hudson. The Hudson server can be utilised for automated building, verification, and testing as part of your continuous integration (CI) workflow.
Designing a Build
By starting a fresh build, you can tell the server what application to create. You designate the repository holding the application's sources when you construct the build. In the Services pane, a node for the build is added underneath the target Hudson instance's node. By selecting Open in Browser from the context menu when you right-click the build node, you may see more information about the status of builds.
Constructing a JAR File
Every time you use the Build command or the Clean and Build command in a normal project, the IDE creates a JAR file from the project sources. The dist directory of your project folder is where the JAR file is generated.
Creating a Native Installer package for an application
Native packaging for common Java SE and JavaFX projects is supported by the NetBeans IDE. Your project is wrapped in a native package, which transforms it into an installation package tailored to a particular platform. All the artefacts required to install and execute the programme are included in the package.