Java Tutorial

Java Tutorial Java Features C++ vs Java Java History Java Hello World Java Development Kit Java Runtime Environment Java Virtual Machine Difference between JDK, JRE, and JVM Memory Areas in Java Java Operators Java Keywords Primitive Data Types Variables

Java Loops

Java Do While Loop Java While Loop Java For Loop Java Enhanced For Loop

Java Programs

Java Basic Programs Factorial Program in Java Fibonacci Series Program in Java Prime Number Program in Java Palindrome Number Program in Java Armstrong Number Program in Java Anagram Program in Java Pattern Programs in Java Calculator Program in Java Leap Year Program in Java Addition Program in Java Number Pattern Programs in Java Star Pattern Programs in Java Package Program in Java Pyramid Program in Java Sorting Program in Java String Palindrome Program in Java Even Odd Program in Java For Loop Program in Java If Else Program in Java Switch Case Program in Java GCD Program in Java LCM Program in Java Hello Program in Java Matrix Program in Java Menu Driven Program in Java Series Program in Java Client Server Program in Java Swapping Program in Java Pig Latin Program in Java Tower of Hanoi Program in Java Recursion Program in Java Matrix Multiplication Program in Java Perfect Number Program in Java Classes and Objects in Java Example Programs String Programs in Java Array Programs in Java Constructor Program in Java Inheritance Program in Java Abstract class Program in Java Interface Program in Java Encapsulation Program in Java Polymorphism Program in Java Exception Handling Program in Java Multithreading Program in Java Thread Program in Java Collection Programs in Java ArrayList Program in Java Stack Program in Java Applet Program in Java Swing Program in Java JDBC Program in Java How to run Java program in command prompt How to run Java program in Eclipse

Java Sorting

Sorting Algorithms in Java Merge Sort in Java Quick Sort in Java Bubble Sort in Java Insertion Sort in Java Selection Sort in Java Heap Sort in Java Radix Sort in Java Topological Sort in Java Bucket Sort in Java Counting Sort in Java

Java OOPs Concepts

OOPs - Object Oriented Programming Objects and Classes in Java Java Naming Conventions Constructors in Java Java this keyword Java static keyword Inheritance in Java Aggregation in Java Java super keyword Constructor Chaining and Constructor Overloading Java Polymorphism Static and Dynamic Binding in Java Java Abstraction Abstract class in Java Interface in Java Difference between Abstract class and Interface Java final keyword Packages in Java Access Modifiers in Java Java Wrapper classes Java Numbers Java Characters Java Integer Java Boolean Java Arrays Java Command Line Arguments Java strictfp Keyword Java Math

Java Strings

Java Strings Java String Methods StringBuilder in Java StringBuffer in Java Java Regular Expressions StringBuffer vs StringBuilder String vs StringBuffer String vs StringBuilder String Manipulation in Java Java String Concatenation How to Reverse a String in Java String Array in Java How to Compare Two Strings in Java How to Concatenate Two Strings in Java Why String in Immutable in Java java.lang.NumberFormatException for Input String String Pool in Java Java Generate Random String How to take String Input in Java Java String Interview Questions

Java Exceptions

Exception Handling in Java Java try catch Java throw Java throws Difference between throw and throws Java finally Java Custom Exception Java Exception Propagation

Garbage Collection

Automatic Resource Management in Java Java Garbage Collection Java finalize() Java gc() Difference between final, finally and finalize


Multithreading in Java Process and Thread in Java Basic Terms in Multithreading Java Thread creation Thread Scheduler in Java Java Thread class DeadLock in Java

Java IO

Java IO Java Read File Java BufferedWriter Java InputStreamReader Java File Java Read File Line By Line Java FileOutputStream Jar File in Java


Java Serialization Java transient


Java Network Programming Java Socket Programming Java URL Java URLConnection HttpURLConnection in Java Java InetAddress Java DatagramSocket and Java DatagramPacket


Java AWT


Swing in Java

Java Collections

Collections in Java Java List Interface ArrayList in Java LinkedList in Java Vector in Java Stack in Java ArrayList vs LinkedList in Java ArrayList vs Vector in Java Java Set Interface HashSet in Java LinkedHashSet in Java TreeSet in Java Java Queue Interface PriorityQueue in Java ArrayDeque in Java Java Map Interface HashMap in Java LinkedHashMap in Java TreeMap in Java Dictionary in Java Hashtable in Java Properties in Java Collections class in Java Java Comparable Java Comparator Comparable vs Comparator in Java

Java Generics

Generics in Java

Java Annotations

Annotations in Java


Java JDBC Tutorial

Java Differences

Java vs JavaScript Python vs Java Kotlin vs Java Java vs C++ C# vs Java Static vs Non-static in Java C vs Java int vs Integer in Java Stack vs Heap in Java Java Array vs ArrayList

How to

How to run Java program How to set path in Java How to check the Java version in cmd How to install Java in Windows 10 How to run Java program in cmd How to call a method in Java How to sort an array in Java How to iterate HashMap in Java How to write Java program How to create an array in Java How to create a package in Java How to generate random numbers in Java How to input String in Java How to create thread in Java How to find length of String in Java How to sort a string in Java How to use scanner in Java How to achieve multiple inheritance in Java How to run Java program in Eclipse How to call a function in Java How to create array of objects in Java How to create custom exception in Java How to achieve abstraction in Java How to call static method in Java

Java 8 Features

Java 8 Features Lambda Expressions in Java Functional Interface in Java Streams in Java Java Base64 Encoding and Decoding Parallel Arrays Sort in Java

Java 9 Features

Java 9 Tutorial Java 9 Try With Resources Java 9 Interface Private Method

Java Servlet Tutorial

Java Servlets Tutorial

Java JSP Tutorial

Java JSP Tutorial

Hibernate Tutorial

Hibernate Tutorial

Spring Tutorial

Spring Tutorial

Spring MVC Tutorial

Spring MVC Tutorial

Jenkins Tutorial

Jenkins Tutorial

Java Math Methods

Math.abs() Math.acos() Math.addExact() Math.asin() Math.atan () Math.atan2() Math.cbrt() Math.ceil() Math.copysign() Math.cos() Math.cosh() Math.decrementExact() Math.exp() Math.expm1() Math.floor() Math.floorDiv() Math.floorMod() Math.getExponent() Math.hypot() Math.IEEEremainder() Math.incrementExact() Math.log() Math.log10() Math.log1p() Math.max() Math.min() Math.multiplyExact() Math.multiplyFull() Math.negateExact() Math.nextAfter() Math.nextDown() Math.nextUp() Math.pow() Math.random() Math.rint() Math.round() Math.scalb() Math.signum() Math.sin() Math.sinh() Math.sqrt() Math.subtractExact() Math.tan() Math.tanh() Math.toDegrees() Math.toIntExact() Math.toRadians() Math.ulp()

Java String Methods

toCharArray() copyValueOf() endsWith() equals() equalsIgnoreCase() format() getBytes() getChars() hashCode() indexOf() intern() isEmpty() join() lastIndexOf() length() replace() replaceAll() replaceFirst() split() startsWith() subSequence() substring() toLowerCase() toUpperCase() trim() valueOf()

Java Conversion

Java Convert String to int Java Convert int to String Java Convert String to long Java Convert long to String Java Convert String to float Java Convert float to String Java Convert String to double Java Convert double to String Java Convert String to Date Java Convert Date to String Java Convert String to Object Java Convert Object to String Java Convert String to char Java Convert char to String Java Convert int to long Java Convert long to int


Functional Interfaces in Java Singleton class in Java Awesome explanation of Strings in Java Object class in Java Static class in Java All the important string methods in Java String Handling Method in Java What are Array strings in Java Advantages and Disadvantages of Strings in Java Big Decimal class in Java Class definition in Java Char and String differences in Java Difference between String, StringBuffer and StringBuilder in java Replace character in string Java String Coding Interview Questions in Java What is String in Java? String isnullorempty in Java String Matches in Java Trim Method in String Java Bean class in Java Libraries in Java Arithmetic Operations on String in Java

C # vs Java

Difference Between C# and Java

C# and Java both languagesare popularly used programming languages. They both are derived from C/C++ programming and follow Object Oriented Programming approach. Even so, both these languages are different from each other in many aspects.

What is C#?

  • C# is developed during Microsoft’s .NET initiative directed by Andres Hejlsberg in the year 2000.
  • It is a general purpose, object-oriented programming language. C# pronounced as C sharp.
  • C# was derived from C and C++ programming. So, if someone already knows C/C++ languages, for them it is easier to learn C#.
  • C# programs are executed with the help of Common Language Infrastructure (CLI).
  • C# supports applications for embedded systems and OS.

C# program Example

The following program demonstrates how to write a basic C# program.


 using System;
 static void Main(string[] args)
 Console.WriteLine("Hello World");


Hello World

In the above C# program, the first line using System is written for accessing the classes and methods defined in the Systemnamespace. The next line declares a class Sample. The Console.WriteLine() method displays the output on the output window where Console is a class declared in the System namespace.

What is Java?

  • Java is an Object-Oriented Programming language. It was developed and released by Sun Microsystems in the year 1995.
  • Java programming is one of the most preferred programming languages due to its many features. It is platform-independent. It does not support explicit pointers. This makes Java programs more secure.
  • One must install JDK before executing the Java program. The Java code is first compiled into a byte code. And the byte code is then interpreted. The byte code can be executed on any other platform which has Java Virtual Machine (JVM) installed on it. This makes the Java programs portable.
  • There are three versions of Java.
  • Java EE (Enterprise Edition)
  • Java SE (Standard Edition)
  • Java ME (Micro Edition)   

Java program Example

The following program demonstrates how to write a basic Java program.

 /* Declaration of Class */
 class Sample
     /* Driver Code */
 public static void main(String ar[])
       /* Print statement */
 System.out.println(“Hello World”); 


Hello World

The above Java program declares a class Sample. The System.out.println() method displays the output on the output window.

Similarities between C# and Java

  1. Object Oriented Programming:

C# and Java both are Object Oriented Programming languages.

  • Derived from C and C++:

C# and Java both are developed with the help of C and C++ programming.

  • Garbage Collection Feature:

Both these languages have the feature of garbage collection for memory management.

  • Syntax:
Syntax of C# and Java are mostly similar because they are both derived from C and C++ programming.
  • Multiple inheritance:

Java and C# don’t allow multiple inheritance. We can achieve multiple inheritance in both these languages by using interfaces.

  • Intermediate Code Generation:

Both the languages generate intermediate code after compilation. Intermediate Java code is called byte code and C# code is called Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL)

C# Vs Java

Sr. No.C#Java
1.C# is developed as a part of the .NET initiative by Microsoft.Java programming is developed by Sun Microsystems.
2.C# is used to develop software applications for the Microsoft platform.Java can be used to develop any open source applications.
3.C# programs are executed with the help of Common Language Runtime (CLR).Java programs are executed with the help of Java Runtime Environment (JRE).
4.C# Arrays are specialized as the system.Java Arrays are specialized asObjects.
5.C# supports goto statement.Java doesn’t support the goto statement.
6.C# provides operator overloading for multiple operators.Java doesn’t provide the feature of operator overloading.
7.Multiple public classes are allowed in C#.Java programming only allows a single public class with the main() method. Otherwise, a compile-time error is displayed.
8.C# code is Windows-specific.Java code can be executed anywhere. It is platform-independent.
9.Type safety in C# programming is comparatively unsafe.Type safety in Java programming is safe.
10.C# support Union and Structure.Java doesn’t support Union and Structure.

Which is better C# or Java?

Considering all the differences and similarities between C# and Java, we can say that both the languages are powerful and great to work with. While choosing one of the two languages developers need to analyze the requirements, usage, and platform where the application will be running.

This article explains what C# and Java programming are, and discusses similarities and differences between C# and Java programming.